skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Dynamics of Emergent Crystallinity in Photonic Quantum Materials

Abstract

This proposal will employ a revolutionary cold atom/photon hybrid material that combines the advantages of cold atom and semiconductor approaches: By confining a thin layer of Rydberg-EIT dressed atoms in the waist of a confocal optical resonator, a new synthetic material will emerge, akin to an exciton-polariton gas, but with stronger interactions and exquisite control: In the resonator, photons and Rydbergs hybridize, producing quasi-particles whose low mass is inherited from photons, and strong interactions from the Rydbergs. These particles have adjustable mass, interactions, and confinement, allowing tuning from a BEC to an unexplored regime expected to exhibit crystallinity. By studying non-equilibrium evolution near this transition, it will be possible to investigate quantum dynamics in a non-classical crystal, where quantum zero-point motion is substantial. Such a regime offers a unique opportunity to probe the universality of quantum dynamics, and also to study, for the first time, a form of quantum “soft-matter”, where the lattice structure is emergent, and competes with quantum fluctuations through the introduction of strongly interacting topological defects.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. University of Chicago
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1545250
Report Number(s):
DOE-UofC-0010267
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0010267
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; Polaritons, manybody physics, strong correlations

Citation Formats

Simon, Jonathan. Dynamics of Emergent Crystallinity in Photonic Quantum Materials. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1545250.
Simon, Jonathan. Dynamics of Emergent Crystallinity in Photonic Quantum Materials. United States. doi:10.2172/1545250.
Simon, Jonathan. Sun . "Dynamics of Emergent Crystallinity in Photonic Quantum Materials". United States. doi:10.2172/1545250. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1545250.
@article{osti_1545250,
title = {Dynamics of Emergent Crystallinity in Photonic Quantum Materials},
author = {Simon, Jonathan},
abstractNote = {This proposal will employ a revolutionary cold atom/photon hybrid material that combines the advantages of cold atom and semiconductor approaches: By confining a thin layer of Rydberg-EIT dressed atoms in the waist of a confocal optical resonator, a new synthetic material will emerge, akin to an exciton-polariton gas, but with stronger interactions and exquisite control: In the resonator, photons and Rydbergs hybridize, producing quasi-particles whose low mass is inherited from photons, and strong interactions from the Rydbergs. These particles have adjustable mass, interactions, and confinement, allowing tuning from a BEC to an unexplored regime expected to exhibit crystallinity. By studying non-equilibrium evolution near this transition, it will be possible to investigate quantum dynamics in a non-classical crystal, where quantum zero-point motion is substantial. Such a regime offers a unique opportunity to probe the universality of quantum dynamics, and also to study, for the first time, a form of quantum “soft-matter”, where the lattice structure is emergent, and competes with quantum fluctuations through the introduction of strongly interacting topological defects.},
doi = {10.2172/1545250},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}