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Title: Constraining the Self-Interacting Neutrino Interpretation of the Hubble Tension

Abstract

Large, nonstandard neutrino self-interactions have been shown to resolve the ~4σ tension in Hubble constant measurements and a milder tension in the amplitude of matter fluctuations. Herein we demonstrate that interactions of the necessary size imply the existence of a force carrier with a large neutrino coupling (>10 -4) and mass in the keV–100 MeV range. This mediator is subject to stringent cosmological and laboratory bounds, and we find that nearly all realizations of such a particle are excluded by existing data unless it carries spin 0 and couples almost exclusively to $τ$-flavored neutrinos. Furthermore, we find that the light neutrinos must be Majorana particles, and that a UV-complete model requires a nonminimal mechanism to simultaneously generate neutrino masses and appreciable self-interactions.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1545086
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1905.02727; FERMILAB-PUB-19-175-A-T; arXiv:1905.02727v2
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; oai:inspirehep.net:1733842
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Blinov, Nikita, Kelly, Kevin J., Krnjaic, Gordan, and McDermott, Samuel D. Constraining the Self-Interacting Neutrino Interpretation of the Hubble Tension. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.191102.
Blinov, Nikita, Kelly, Kevin J., Krnjaic, Gordan, & McDermott, Samuel D. Constraining the Self-Interacting Neutrino Interpretation of the Hubble Tension. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.191102.
Blinov, Nikita, Kelly, Kevin J., Krnjaic, Gordan, and McDermott, Samuel D. Thu . "Constraining the Self-Interacting Neutrino Interpretation of the Hubble Tension". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.191102. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1545086.
@article{osti_1545086,
title = {Constraining the Self-Interacting Neutrino Interpretation of the Hubble Tension},
author = {Blinov, Nikita and Kelly, Kevin J. and Krnjaic, Gordan and McDermott, Samuel D.},
abstractNote = {Large, nonstandard neutrino self-interactions have been shown to resolve the ~4σ tension in Hubble constant measurements and a milder tension in the amplitude of matter fluctuations. Herein we demonstrate that interactions of the necessary size imply the existence of a force carrier with a large neutrino coupling (>10-4) and mass in the keV–100 MeV range. This mediator is subject to stringent cosmological and laboratory bounds, and we find that nearly all realizations of such a particle are excluded by existing data unless it carries spin 0 and couples almost exclusively to $τ$-flavored neutrinos. Furthermore, we find that the light neutrinos must be Majorana particles, and that a UV-complete model requires a nonminimal mechanism to simultaneously generate neutrino masses and appreciable self-interactions.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.191102},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
issn = {0031-9007},
number = 19,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 21 works
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