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Title: Nitrogen-doped carbons derived from poly(ionic liquid)s with various backbones and cations

Abstract

In this study, poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) with various backbone/cation pairings (backbones - ethyl methacrylate, styrene; covalently attached cations - butylimidazolium, trimethylammonium, butylpyrrolidinium) were successfully synthesized as carbon precursors. Pyrolysis of PILs produced carbons with sheet-like structures with a metallic luster in contrast to the powder form of carbons produced from polyacrylonitrile. The results also show that cation type has a significant impact on surface area, graphitic content, graphitic nitrogen content, nitrogen retention, carbon yield and surface chemistry of the PIL-derived carbons. The design of nitrogen-doped carbons based on a diverse set of PILs with various cation and polymer backbone chemistries may be an effective strategy to optimize carbon properties for subsequent application in energy storage devices.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1544536
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-74350
Journal ID: ISSN 0959-8103
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Polymer International
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 68; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0959-8103
Publisher:
Society of Chemical Industry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ionic liquid; polymer; carbon; nitrogen; graphitic; capacitor; battery

Citation Formats

Sun, Rui, Meek, Kelly M., Ho, Hoi Chun, and Elabd, Yossef A. Nitrogen-doped carbons derived from poly(ionic liquid)s with various backbones and cations. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/pi.5864.
Sun, Rui, Meek, Kelly M., Ho, Hoi Chun, & Elabd, Yossef A. Nitrogen-doped carbons derived from poly(ionic liquid)s with various backbones and cations. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/pi.5864
Sun, Rui, Meek, Kelly M., Ho, Hoi Chun, and Elabd, Yossef A. Fri . "Nitrogen-doped carbons derived from poly(ionic liquid)s with various backbones and cations". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/pi.5864. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1544536.
@article{osti_1544536,
title = {Nitrogen-doped carbons derived from poly(ionic liquid)s with various backbones and cations},
author = {Sun, Rui and Meek, Kelly M. and Ho, Hoi Chun and Elabd, Yossef A.},
abstractNote = {In this study, poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) with various backbone/cation pairings (backbones - ethyl methacrylate, styrene; covalently attached cations - butylimidazolium, trimethylammonium, butylpyrrolidinium) were successfully synthesized as carbon precursors. Pyrolysis of PILs produced carbons with sheet-like structures with a metallic luster in contrast to the powder form of carbons produced from polyacrylonitrile. The results also show that cation type has a significant impact on surface area, graphitic content, graphitic nitrogen content, nitrogen retention, carbon yield and surface chemistry of the PIL-derived carbons. The design of nitrogen-doped carbons based on a diverse set of PILs with various cation and polymer backbone chemistries may be an effective strategy to optimize carbon properties for subsequent application in energy storage devices.},
doi = {10.1002/pi.5864},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1544536}, journal = {Polymer International},
issn = {0959-8103},
number = 9,
volume = 68,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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Cited by: 2 works
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