skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT

Abstract

This report presents the scientific and technical findings by Carbon Engineering Ltd (CE) resulting from the DOE sponsored research and development project on Direct Air Capture (DAC) process. The work was performed by CE under the Award DE-FE0026861 from the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The work plan was centered on advancing the Recipient’s DAC technology, developing a better understanding of its performance and cost. The report outlines the results from two key activities that were performed under this award: 1. Studying the performance characteristics of the DAC plant at both pilot and lab scale 2. Techno-economic analysis (TEA) to study two implementations of CE’s proprietary DAC process: i) An early commercial DAC process that captures ~1 MT CO2/year of atmospheric CO2 (Baseline case), and ii) A modified early commercial DAC process that captures 1 MT CO2/year of flue gas CO2 downstream of a subcritical PC post-CCS power plant (Case 1 Option C). Within the first key activity of the project, significant operational improvements and learnings were realized, including for key equipment in the DAC process in addition to the overall system. Learnings included impact of equipment design on the capture, calcination and slaking processes,more » and operational parameter modifications for optimizing the pelletization process, along with the complex interactions and associated considerations of these on overall system performance. In parallel, benchtop scale equipment was successfully utilized to validate pilot scale data, such as, retention in the pellet reactor, and capture performance parameters of the air contactor. CE continues to conduct core research and development activities; the learnings from this DOE project will contribute to the design, testing and operation activities of CE’s fully integrated DAC validation plant, as well as the first commercial DAC plant. The second key activity incorporated the above learnings, as well as input from vendors and EPC experts, to produce the TEA report. More specifically, the TEA results were based on measured pilot plant performance data for all major unit operations, and on an energy and material balance for the process at commercial scale computed using an Aspen One® process simulation. The cost estimation methodology follows AACE International recommended practices; with an uncertainty range of -15%/+30%. Depending on financial assumptions, energy costs, and the specific choice of inputs and outputs, the levelized cost per ton CO2 captured from the atmosphere for an early commercial plant for the baseline case ranges from 227 to 304 $/t-CO2. And, the levelized cost to capture 98% of the flue gas CO2 emissions in a subcritical PC power plant (Case 1 Option C) through a combination of Cansolv carbon capture system and a modified DAC system was estimated to range from 109 to 160 $/MWh of net power generated. Process improvement opportunities identified during this work, in addition to cost reduction opportunities identified during the Value Engineering exercise associated with the Baseline case indicate that significant reductions in capital costs are available as CE scales up and proceeds through deployment of initial facilities.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Carbon Engineering Ltd.
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
Contributing Org.:
Carbon Engineering Ltd.
OSTI Identifier:
1544431
Report Number(s):
DOE-CE-FE-26861
DOE Contract Number:  
FE0026861
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS

Citation Formats

Sandhu, Navjot. FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1544431.
Sandhu, Navjot. FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT. United States. doi:10.2172/1544431.
Sandhu, Navjot. Tue . "FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT". United States. doi:10.2172/1544431. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1544431.
@article{osti_1544431,
title = {FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT},
author = {Sandhu, Navjot},
abstractNote = {This report presents the scientific and technical findings by Carbon Engineering Ltd (CE) resulting from the DOE sponsored research and development project on Direct Air Capture (DAC) process. The work was performed by CE under the Award DE-FE0026861 from the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The work plan was centered on advancing the Recipient’s DAC technology, developing a better understanding of its performance and cost. The report outlines the results from two key activities that were performed under this award: 1. Studying the performance characteristics of the DAC plant at both pilot and lab scale 2. Techno-economic analysis (TEA) to study two implementations of CE’s proprietary DAC process: i) An early commercial DAC process that captures ~1 MT CO2/year of atmospheric CO2 (Baseline case), and ii) A modified early commercial DAC process that captures 1 MT CO2/year of flue gas CO2 downstream of a subcritical PC post-CCS power plant (Case 1 Option C). Within the first key activity of the project, significant operational improvements and learnings were realized, including for key equipment in the DAC process in addition to the overall system. Learnings included impact of equipment design on the capture, calcination and slaking processes, and operational parameter modifications for optimizing the pelletization process, along with the complex interactions and associated considerations of these on overall system performance. In parallel, benchtop scale equipment was successfully utilized to validate pilot scale data, such as, retention in the pellet reactor, and capture performance parameters of the air contactor. CE continues to conduct core research and development activities; the learnings from this DOE project will contribute to the design, testing and operation activities of CE’s fully integrated DAC validation plant, as well as the first commercial DAC plant. The second key activity incorporated the above learnings, as well as input from vendors and EPC experts, to produce the TEA report. More specifically, the TEA results were based on measured pilot plant performance data for all major unit operations, and on an energy and material balance for the process at commercial scale computed using an Aspen One® process simulation. The cost estimation methodology follows AACE International recommended practices; with an uncertainty range of -15%/+30%. Depending on financial assumptions, energy costs, and the specific choice of inputs and outputs, the levelized cost per ton CO2 captured from the atmosphere for an early commercial plant for the baseline case ranges from 227 to 304 $/t-CO2. And, the levelized cost to capture 98% of the flue gas CO2 emissions in a subcritical PC power plant (Case 1 Option C) through a combination of Cansolv carbon capture system and a modified DAC system was estimated to range from 109 to 160 $/MWh of net power generated. Process improvement opportunities identified during this work, in addition to cost reduction opportunities identified during the Value Engineering exercise associated with the Baseline case indicate that significant reductions in capital costs are available as CE scales up and proceeds through deployment of initial facilities.},
doi = {10.2172/1544431},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}