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Title: Quasiparticle energies and dielectric functions of diamond polytypes

Abstract

We perform ab initio many-body Green's function calculations to investigate the quasiparticle energies and optical properties of diamond polytypes that have been predicted to be producible via a pressure-induced structural phase transition from carbon nanotube solids. We find, through quasiparticle band-structure calculations within the G W approximation, that the band gaps of two hexagonal ( 2 H - and 4 H -type) polytypes of diamond differ significantly from that of cubic diamond as well as from that of the crystalline s p 3 carbon phase with a body-centered-tetragonal structure, called bct C 4 . We also examine the dielectric functions of three polytypes of diamond (cubic, 2 H , and 4 H ) by employing the G W plus Bethe-Salpeter equation approach. The calculated optical absorption spectra are found to be distinct from each other. The lattice mismatches of carbon layers of these diamond polytypes are very small and the total-energy differences are also small. Our work opens up the possibility of fabricating diamond superlattices with various electronic and optoelectronic properties by utilizing and controlling the different stacking sequences of carbon layers.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1544359
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Sakurai, Masahiro, Chelikowsky, James R., Louie, Steven G., and Saito, Susumu. Quasiparticle energies and dielectric functions of diamond polytypes. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.054603.
Sakurai, Masahiro, Chelikowsky, James R., Louie, Steven G., & Saito, Susumu. Quasiparticle energies and dielectric functions of diamond polytypes. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.054603.
Sakurai, Masahiro, Chelikowsky, James R., Louie, Steven G., and Saito, Susumu. Sun . "Quasiparticle energies and dielectric functions of diamond polytypes". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.054603.
@article{osti_1544359,
title = {Quasiparticle energies and dielectric functions of diamond polytypes},
author = {Sakurai, Masahiro and Chelikowsky, James R. and Louie, Steven G. and Saito, Susumu},
abstractNote = {We perform ab initio many-body Green's function calculations to investigate the quasiparticle energies and optical properties of diamond polytypes that have been predicted to be producible via a pressure-induced structural phase transition from carbon nanotube solids. We find, through quasiparticle band-structure calculations within the G W approximation, that the band gaps of two hexagonal ( 2 H - and 4 H -type) polytypes of diamond differ significantly from that of cubic diamond as well as from that of the crystalline s p 3 carbon phase with a body-centered-tetragonal structure, called bct C 4 . We also examine the dielectric functions of three polytypes of diamond (cubic, 2 H , and 4 H ) by employing the G W plus Bethe-Salpeter equation approach. The calculated optical absorption spectra are found to be distinct from each other. The lattice mismatches of carbon layers of these diamond polytypes are very small and the total-energy differences are also small. Our work opens up the possibility of fabricating diamond superlattices with various electronic and optoelectronic properties by utilizing and controlling the different stacking sequences of carbon layers.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.054603},
journal = {Physical Review Materials},
issn = {2475-9953},
number = 5,
volume = 1,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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