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Title: Theory of transport in high bootstrap fraction H-modes with internal transport barriers

Abstract

A review of the recent progress in understanding the transport in fully non-inductive, high bootstrap fraction H-mode discharges, developed on the DIII-D tokamak, is given in this paper. Experiments have demonstrated improved energy confinement due to the formation of an internal transport barrier in high bootstrap fraction H-mode discharges. Gyrokinetic analysis, and quasi-linear predictive modeling, demonstrates that the observed transport barrier is due to the suppression of turbulence, primarily due to the large Shafranov shift. E×B velocity shear does not play a significant role in the transport barrier due to the high safety factor. The ion energy transport is reduced to neoclassical for DIII-D discharges and electron energy and particle transport is reduced, but still turbulent, within the barrier. Deeper into the plasma, high levels of electron transport are observed. The electron energy transport in DIII-D is found to be due to electromagnetically enhanced electron scale modes. A contribution from fast ion driven instabilities is also possible. The kinetic ballooning mode plays a strong role in the region between the internal and H-mode edge transport barriers with two types of self-organized pedestal states observed.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC); General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1543947
DOE Contract Number:  
FC02-04ER54698; FG02-95ER54309
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Physics

Citation Formats

Staebler, Gary M. Theory of transport in high bootstrap fraction H-modes with internal transport barriers. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aac4b7.
Staebler, Gary M. Theory of transport in high bootstrap fraction H-modes with internal transport barriers. United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aac4b7.
Staebler, Gary M. Thu . "Theory of transport in high bootstrap fraction H-modes with internal transport barriers". United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aac4b7.
@article{osti_1543947,
title = {Theory of transport in high bootstrap fraction H-modes with internal transport barriers},
author = {Staebler, Gary M.},
abstractNote = {A review of the recent progress in understanding the transport in fully non-inductive, high bootstrap fraction H-mode discharges, developed on the DIII-D tokamak, is given in this paper. Experiments have demonstrated improved energy confinement due to the formation of an internal transport barrier in high bootstrap fraction H-mode discharges. Gyrokinetic analysis, and quasi-linear predictive modeling, demonstrates that the observed transport barrier is due to the suppression of turbulence, primarily due to the large Shafranov shift. E×B velocity shear does not play a significant role in the transport barrier due to the high safety factor. The ion energy transport is reduced to neoclassical for DIII-D discharges and electron energy and particle transport is reduced, but still turbulent, within the barrier. Deeper into the plasma, high levels of electron transport are observed. The electron energy transport in DIII-D is found to be due to electromagnetically enhanced electron scale modes. A contribution from fast ion driven instabilities is also possible. The kinetic ballooning mode plays a strong role in the region between the internal and H-mode edge transport barriers with two types of self-organized pedestal states observed.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/aac4b7},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
issn = {0029-5515},
number = 11,
volume = 58,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}