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Title: In Situ Liquid Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry: A Surprisingly Soft Ionization Process for Investigation of Halide Ion Hydration

Abstract

The understanding of ion solvation phenomenon is of significance due to their influences on many important chemical, biological and environmental processes. Mass spectrometry (MS) based methods have been used to investigate this topic with molecular insights. As ion-solvent interactions are weak, ionization processes should be as soft as possible in order to retain solvation structures. An in situ liquid secondary ion MS (SIMS) approach developed in our group has been recently utilized in investigations of Li ion solvation in non-aqueous solution and detected a series of solvated Li ions. As traditionally SIMS has long been recognized as a hard ionization process with strong damage occurring at the sputtering interface, it is very interesting to study further how soft in situ liquid SIMS can be. In this work, we used halide ion hydration as an example to compare the ionization performance of in situ liquid SIMS approach with regular electrospray ionization MS (ESI-MS). Results show that although ESI has been recognized as a soft ionization method, nearly no solvated halide ions were detected by ESI-MS analysis, which acquired only strong signals of salt ion clusters. In contrast, in liquid SIMS spectra, a series of obvious hydrated halide ion compositions could bemore » observed. We further evaluated the hydration numbers of halide ions and revealed the effects of the ion size, charge density and polarizability on the hydration phenomenon. Our findings demonstrated that the in situ liquid SIMS approach is surprisingly soft, and expected to have very broad applications on investigation of various ion-solvent interactions and many other interesting chemical processes (e.g., the initial nucleation of nanoparticle formation) in liquid environment.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS
  2. Beijing National Laborary
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences
  4. CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
  5. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1543320
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-140384
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Analytical Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 11
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Zhang, Yanyan, Zeng, Wenjuan, Huang, Liuqin, Liu, Wen, Jia, Endong, Zhao, Yao, Wang, Fuyi, and Zhu, Zihua. In Situ Liquid Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry: A Surprisingly Soft Ionization Process for Investigation of Halide Ion Hydration. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.8b05804.
Zhang, Yanyan, Zeng, Wenjuan, Huang, Liuqin, Liu, Wen, Jia, Endong, Zhao, Yao, Wang, Fuyi, & Zhu, Zihua. In Situ Liquid Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry: A Surprisingly Soft Ionization Process for Investigation of Halide Ion Hydration. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.8b05804.
Zhang, Yanyan, Zeng, Wenjuan, Huang, Liuqin, Liu, Wen, Jia, Endong, Zhao, Yao, Wang, Fuyi, and Zhu, Zihua. Tue . "In Situ Liquid Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry: A Surprisingly Soft Ionization Process for Investigation of Halide Ion Hydration". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.8b05804.
@article{osti_1543320,
title = {In Situ Liquid Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry: A Surprisingly Soft Ionization Process for Investigation of Halide Ion Hydration},
author = {Zhang, Yanyan and Zeng, Wenjuan and Huang, Liuqin and Liu, Wen and Jia, Endong and Zhao, Yao and Wang, Fuyi and Zhu, Zihua},
abstractNote = {The understanding of ion solvation phenomenon is of significance due to their influences on many important chemical, biological and environmental processes. Mass spectrometry (MS) based methods have been used to investigate this topic with molecular insights. As ion-solvent interactions are weak, ionization processes should be as soft as possible in order to retain solvation structures. An in situ liquid secondary ion MS (SIMS) approach developed in our group has been recently utilized in investigations of Li ion solvation in non-aqueous solution and detected a series of solvated Li ions. As traditionally SIMS has long been recognized as a hard ionization process with strong damage occurring at the sputtering interface, it is very interesting to study further how soft in situ liquid SIMS can be. In this work, we used halide ion hydration as an example to compare the ionization performance of in situ liquid SIMS approach with regular electrospray ionization MS (ESI-MS). Results show that although ESI has been recognized as a soft ionization method, nearly no solvated halide ions were detected by ESI-MS analysis, which acquired only strong signals of salt ion clusters. In contrast, in liquid SIMS spectra, a series of obvious hydrated halide ion compositions could be observed. We further evaluated the hydration numbers of halide ions and revealed the effects of the ion size, charge density and polarizability on the hydration phenomenon. Our findings demonstrated that the in situ liquid SIMS approach is surprisingly soft, and expected to have very broad applications on investigation of various ion-solvent interactions and many other interesting chemical processes (e.g., the initial nucleation of nanoparticle formation) in liquid environment.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.analchem.8b05804},
journal = {Analytical Chemistry},
number = 11,
volume = 91,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}