skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Solar Cell Efficiency Tables (Version 54)

Abstract

Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined, and new entries since January 2019 are reviewed.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5];  [1]
  1. University of New South Wales
  2. European Commission
  3. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  4. Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems
  5. National Institute odf Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Renewable Power Office. Solar Energy Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1543126
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5K00-74116
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 7
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; energy conversion efficiency; photovoltaic efficiency; solar cell efficiency

Citation Formats

Green, Martin A., Dunlop, Ewan D., Levi, Dean H, Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen, Yoshita, Masahiro, and Ho-Baillie, Anita W. Y. Solar Cell Efficiency Tables (Version 54). United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/pip.3171.
Green, Martin A., Dunlop, Ewan D., Levi, Dean H, Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen, Yoshita, Masahiro, & Ho-Baillie, Anita W. Y. Solar Cell Efficiency Tables (Version 54). United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/pip.3171
Green, Martin A., Dunlop, Ewan D., Levi, Dean H, Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen, Yoshita, Masahiro, and Ho-Baillie, Anita W. Y. Thu . "Solar Cell Efficiency Tables (Version 54)". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/pip.3171.
@article{osti_1543126,
title = {Solar Cell Efficiency Tables (Version 54)},
author = {Green, Martin A. and Dunlop, Ewan D. and Levi, Dean H and Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen and Yoshita, Masahiro and Ho-Baillie, Anita W. Y.},
abstractNote = {Consolidated tables showing an extensive listing of the highest independently confirmed efficiencies for solar cells and modules are presented. Guidelines for inclusion of results into these tables are outlined, and new entries since January 2019 are reviewed.},
doi = {10.1002/pip.3171},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1543126}, journal = {Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications},
number = 7,
volume = 27,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Solar cell efficiency tables (Version 53)
journal, December 2018

  • Green, Martin A.; Hishikawa, Yoshihiro; Dunlop, Ewan D.
  • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 27, Issue 1
  • https://doi.org/10.1002/pip.3102

Solar cell efficiency tables (version 51)
journal, December 2017

  • Green, Martin A.; Hishikawa, Yoshihiro; Dunlop, Ewan D.
  • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 26, Issue 1
  • https://doi.org/10.1002/pip.2978

Solar cell efficiency tables (version 33)
journal, January 2009

  • Green, Martin A.; Emery, Keith; Hishikawa, Yoshihiro
  • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 17, Issue 1
  • https://doi.org/10.1002/pip.880

Silicon heterojunction solar cell with interdigitated back contacts for a photoconversion efficiency over 26%
journal, March 2017


High-Efficiency n-Type HP mc Silicon Solar Cells
journal, September 2017


27.6% Conversion efficiency, a new record for single-junction solar cells under 1 sun illumination
conference, June 2011


18.2% (AM1.5) efficient GaAs solar cell on optical-grade polycrystalline Ge substrate
conference, January 1996


High-efficiency amorphous silicon solar cells: Impact of deposition rate on metastability
journal, February 2015


High-performance photovoltaic perovskite layers fabricated through intramolecular exchange
journal, May 2015


Organic photovoltaic module development with inverted device structure
journal, January 2015


Degradation observations of encapsulated planar CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 perovskite solar cells at high temperatures and humidity
journal, January 2015


Make perovskite solar cells stable
journal, April 2017


The ISOS-3 inter-laboratory collaboration focused on the stability of a variety of organic photovoltaic devices
journal, January 2012


Ageing of DSSC studied by electroluminescence and transmission imaging
journal, October 2013


19.8% efficient “honeycomb” textured multicrystalline and 24.4% monocrystalline silicon solar cells
journal, October 1998


Laser contact openings for local poly-Si-metal contacts enabling 26.1%-efficient POLO-IBC solar cells
journal, November 2018


Device Characteristics of CZTSSe Thin-Film Solar Cells with 12.6% Efficiency
journal, November 2013


Over 9% Efficient Kesterite Cu 2 ZnSnS 4 Solar Cell Fabricated by Using Zn 1- x Cd x S Buffer Layer
journal, April 2016


Efficient, stable and scalable perovskite solar cells using poly(3-hexylthiophene)
journal, March 2019


High-Performance Large-Area Organic Solar Cells Enabled by Sequential Bilayer Processing via Nonhalogenated Solvents
journal, November 2018


Nonfullerene Acceptor Molecules for Bulk Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells
journal, February 2018


35.8% space and 38.8% terrestrial 5J direct bonded cells
conference, June 2014


III–V-on-silicon solar cells reaching 33% photoconversion efficiency in two-terminal configuration
journal, April 2018


Direct Growth of III–V/Silicon Triple-Junction Solar Cells With 19.7% Efficiency
journal, November 2018


GaAs 0.75 P 0.25 /Si Dual-Junction Solar Cells Grown by MBE and MOCVD
journal, January 2016


40% efficient sunlight to electricity conversion: Sunlight to electricity conversion efficiency above 40%
journal, March 2015


High-efficiency thin-film silicon solar cells realized by integrating stable a-Si:H absorbers into improved device design
journal, July 2015


Building a Six-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Concentrator Solar Cell
journal, March 2018


New module efficiency record: 23.5% under 1-sun illumination using thin-film single-junction GaAs solar cells
conference, June 2012


High efficiency and large volume production of CIS-based modules
conference, June 2014


Improved conversion efficiencies of thin-film silicon tandem (MICROMORPH™) photovoltaic modules
journal, January 2016


Application of InGaP/GaAs/InGaAs triple junction solar cells to space use and concentrator photovoltaic
conference, June 2014

  • Takamoto, Tatsuya; Washio, Hidetoshi; Juso, Hiroyuki
  • 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC)
  • https://doi.org/10.1109/PVSC.2014.6924936

R&D roadmap for PV
journal, March 2004


A 21.5% efficient Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin-film concentrator solar cell
journal, January 2002


Four-Junction Wafer-Bonded Concentrator Solar Cells
journal, January 2016


43% Sunlight to Electricity Conversion Efficiency Using CPV
journal, July 2016


New module design with 4-junction solar cells for high efficiencies
conference, January 2015

  • van Riesen, Sascha; Neubauer, Martin; Boos, Alexander
  • 11TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CONCENTRATOR PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS: CPV-11, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4931553

Large area, concentrator buried contact solar cells
journal, January 1995


A luminescent solar concentrator with 7.1% power conversion efficiency
journal, December 2008


Proposed reference irradiance spectra for solar energy systems testing
journal, December 2002