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Title: Performance Analysis of a Biomass Gasifier Genset at Varying Operating Conditions

Abstract

Abstract.An All Power Labs PP20 gasifier generation set (Berkeley, Calif.) was tested to evaluate its suitability for powering biomass conversion technologies (BCT) at remote forest operations sites. Feedstock of the species tanoak (), coast redwood (), and Douglas fir () were tested at moisture contents of 15% and 25% (wet basis). The PP20 was connected to a load bank with five different load profiles designed to simulate possible BCT loads. Two parameters of power quality, voltage variability, and frequency deviation, were determined to be within acceptable limits. The unit also successfully powered a remote biochar operation in Branscomb, California. Emissions of the PP20, when compared to diesel generator regulations, would meet non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC) and NO Xrequirements but exceed the CO emissions limits by a factor of ten. The CO emissions could be reduced by adding a catalytic converter. The results indicate that it is possible to use a PP20 unit to provide electric power for the highly variable loads of a BCT system. Keywords: Bioenergy, Biomass conversion technology, Gasification, Renewable energy.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Humboldt State Univ., Arcata, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1541897
DOE Contract Number:  
EE0006297
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Engineering in Agriculture
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 34; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1943-7838
Publisher:
American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Agriculture

Citation Formats

Palmer, Kyle D., Severy, Mark A., Chamberlin, Charles E., Eggink, Anthony J., and Jacobson, Arne E. Performance Analysis of a Biomass Gasifier Genset at Varying Operating Conditions. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.13031/aea.12414.
Palmer, Kyle D., Severy, Mark A., Chamberlin, Charles E., Eggink, Anthony J., & Jacobson, Arne E. Performance Analysis of a Biomass Gasifier Genset at Varying Operating Conditions. United States. doi:10.13031/aea.12414.
Palmer, Kyle D., Severy, Mark A., Chamberlin, Charles E., Eggink, Anthony J., and Jacobson, Arne E. Mon . "Performance Analysis of a Biomass Gasifier Genset at Varying Operating Conditions". United States. doi:10.13031/aea.12414.
@article{osti_1541897,
title = {Performance Analysis of a Biomass Gasifier Genset at Varying Operating Conditions},
author = {Palmer, Kyle D. and Severy, Mark A. and Chamberlin, Charles E. and Eggink, Anthony J. and Jacobson, Arne E.},
abstractNote = {Abstract.An All Power Labs PP20 gasifier generation set (Berkeley, Calif.) was tested to evaluate its suitability for powering biomass conversion technologies (BCT) at remote forest operations sites. Feedstock of the species tanoak (), coast redwood (), and Douglas fir () were tested at moisture contents of 15% and 25% (wet basis). The PP20 was connected to a load bank with five different load profiles designed to simulate possible BCT loads. Two parameters of power quality, voltage variability, and frequency deviation, were determined to be within acceptable limits. The unit also successfully powered a remote biochar operation in Branscomb, California. Emissions of the PP20, when compared to diesel generator regulations, would meet non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC) and NOXrequirements but exceed the CO emissions limits by a factor of ten. The CO emissions could be reduced by adding a catalytic converter. The results indicate that it is possible to use a PP20 unit to provide electric power for the highly variable loads of a BCT system. Keywords: Bioenergy, Biomass conversion technology, Gasification, Renewable energy.},
doi = {10.13031/aea.12414},
journal = {Applied Engineering in Agriculture},
issn = {1943-7838},
number = 1,
volume = 34,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}