skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: NanoMOFs: little crystallites for substantial applications


Synthetic methods for the preparation of metal–organic framework crystallites in the nano-size regime and their potential applications are reviewed.

ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry; Concordia University; Canada
  2. Department of Chemistry; Northwestern University; Evanston; USA
  3. Department of Chemistry; Northwestern University; Evanston; USA; Department of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:  
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 17; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Chemistry; Energy & Fuels; Materials Science

Citation Formats

Majewski, M. B., Noh, H., Islamoglu, T., and Farha, O. K. NanoMOFs: little crystallites for substantial applications. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1039/c8ta02132e.
Majewski, M. B., Noh, H., Islamoglu, T., & Farha, O. K. NanoMOFs: little crystallites for substantial applications. United States. doi:10.1039/c8ta02132e.
Majewski, M. B., Noh, H., Islamoglu, T., and Farha, O. K. Mon . "NanoMOFs: little crystallites for substantial applications". United States. doi:10.1039/c8ta02132e.
title = {NanoMOFs: little crystallites for substantial applications},
author = {Majewski, M. B. and Noh, H. and Islamoglu, T. and Farha, O. K.},
abstractNote = {Synthetic methods for the preparation of metal–organic framework crystallites in the nano-size regime and their potential applications are reviewed.},
doi = {10.1039/c8ta02132e},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. A},
issn = {2050-7488},
number = 17,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}

Works referenced in this record:

Nanosized microporous crystals: emerging applications
journal, January 2015

  • Mintova, Svetlana; Jaber, Maguy; Valtchev, Valentin
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 44, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5CS00210A

Semiconductor Clusters, Nanocrystals, and Quantum Dots
journal, February 1996

Epitaxial Growth of Highly Luminescent CdSe/CdS Core/Shell Nanocrystals with Photostability and Electronic Accessibility
journal, July 1997

  • Peng, Xiaogang; Schlamp, Michael C.; Kadavanich, Andreas V.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 119, Issue 30, p. 7019-7029
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja970754m

Nanocrystalline Semiconductors:  Synthesis, Properties, and Perspectives
journal, November 2001

  • Trindade, Tito; O'Brien, Paul; Pickett, Nigel L.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm000843p

Synthesis of InAs/CdSe/ZnSe Core/Shell1/Shell2 Structures with Bright and Stable Near-Infrared Fluorescence
journal, January 2006

  • Aharoni, Assaf; Mokari, Taleb; Popov, Inna
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 128, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja056326v

CdSe/ZnS Nanocrystals with Dye-Functionalized Polymer Ligands Containing Many Anchor Groups
journal, March 2005

  • Potapova, Inga; Mruk, Ralf; Hübner, Christian
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 44, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200462236

Nanocrystals: Solution-based synthesis and applications as nanocatalysts
journal, January 2009

Bimetallic Nanocrystals: Liquid-Phase Synthesis and Catalytic Applications
journal, January 2011

Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals
journal, March 2000

  • Peng, Xiaogang; Manna, Liberato; Yang, Weidong
  • Nature, Vol. 404, Issue 6773, p. 59-61
  • DOI: 10.1038/35003535

Multicolor Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Semiconductor Nanocrystals Encapsulated in GaN Charge Injection Layers
journal, June 2005

  • Mueller, Alexander H.; Petruska, Melissa A.; Achermann, Marc
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 5, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl050384x

Co3O4 nanocrystals on graphene as a synergistic catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction
journal, August 2011

  • Liang, Yongye; Li, Yanguang; Wang, Hailiang
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 10, p. 780-786
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3087

Self-Templated Synthesis of Nanoporous CdS Nanostructures for Highly Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production under Visible Light
journal, January 2008

  • Bao, Ningzhong; Shen, Liming; Takata, Tsuyoshi
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 20, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm7029344

Sub-10 nm Platinum Nanocrystals with Size and Shape Control: Catalytic Study for Ethylene and Pyrrole Hydrogenation
journal, April 2009

  • Tsung, Chia-Kuang; Kuhn, John N.; Huang, Wenyu
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 131, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja809936n

Shaping binary metal nanocrystals through epitaxial seeded growth
journal, July 2007

  • Habas, Susan E.; Lee, Hyunjoo; Radmilovic, Velimir
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1957

Formation of Hollow Nanocrystals Through the Nanoscale Kirkendall Effect
journal, April 2004

Catalysis Based on Nanocrystals with Well-Defined Facets
journal, December 2011

  • Zhou, Kebin; Li, Yadong
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 51, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201102619

Exploitation of Unique Properties of Zeolites in the Development of Gas Sensors
journal, April 2012

  • Zheng, Yangong; Li, Xiaogan; Dutta, Prabir K.
  • Sensors, Vol. 12, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.3390/s120405170

Surface Modification and Functionalization of Microporous Hybrid Material for Luminescence Sensing
journal, February 2010

  • Li, Huanrong; Cheng, Wenjing; Wang, Yu
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 16, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.200901687

Progress in zeolite synthesis promotes advanced applications
journal, May 2014

Magnetically Separable Nanozeolites:  Promising Candidates for Bio-Applications
journal, July 2006

  • Shan, Wei; Yu, Tao; Wang, Bo
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 18, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm060530f

Zeolite GdNaY Nanoparticles with Very High Relaxivity for Application as Contrast Agents in Magnetic Resonance Imaging
journal, November 2002

Controlled Nanozeolite-Assembled Electrode: Remarkable Enzyme-Immobilization Ability and High Sensitivity as Biosensor
journal, January 2006

  • Yu, Tao; Zhang, Yahong; You, Chunping
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 12, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.200500562

Coupled synthesis and self-assembly of nanoparticles to give structures with controlled organization
journal, November 1999

  • Li, Mei; Schnablegger, Heimo; Mann, Stephen
  • Nature, Vol. 402, Issue 6760
  • DOI: 10.1038/46509

Hydrogen Storage in Microporous Metal-Organic Frameworks
journal, May 2003

  • Rosi, Nathaniel L.; Eckert, Juergen; Eddaoudi, Mohamed
  • Science, Vol. 300, Issue 5622, p. 1127-1129
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1083440

Functional Porous Coordination Polymers
journal, April 2004

  • Kitagawa, Susumu; Kitaura, Ryo; Noro, Shin-ichiro
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 43, Issue 18, p. 2334-2375
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200300610

Postsynthetic Tuning of Metal–Organic Frameworks for Targeted Applications
journal, February 2017

Selective gas adsorption and separation in metal–organic frameworks
journal, January 2009

  • Li, Jian-Rong; Kuppler, Ryan J.; Zhou, Hong-Cai
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 38, Issue 5, p. 1477-1504
  • DOI: 10.1039/b802426j

Hydrogen storage in metal–organic frameworks
journal, January 2009

  • Murray, Leslie J.; Dincă, Mircea; Long, Jeffrey R.
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 38, Issue 5, p. 1294-1314
  • DOI: 10.1039/b802256a

Metal–organic framework materials as catalysts
journal, January 2009

  • Lee, JeongYong; Farha, Omar K.; Roberts, John
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 38, Issue 5, p. 1450-1459
  • DOI: 10.1039/b807080f

Isoreticular Expansion of Metal–Organic Frameworks with Triangular and Square Building Units and the Lowest Calculated Density for Porous Crystals
journal, September 2011

  • Furukawa, Hiroyasu; Go, Yong Bok; Ko, Nakeun
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 50, Issue 18, p. 9147-9152
  • DOI: 10.1021/ic201376t

Hydrogen Storage in the Expanded Pore Metal–Organic Frameworks M 2 (dobpdc) (M = Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn)
journal, February 2016

Tuning ethylene gas adsorption via metal node modulation: Cu-MOF-74 for a high ethylene deliverable capacity
journal, January 2017

  • Liao, Yijun; Zhang, Lin; Weston, Mitchell H.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 53, Issue 67
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7CC04160H

Large-Pore Apertures in a Series of Metal-Organic Frameworks
journal, May 2012

Understanding Volumetric and Gravimetric Hydrogen Adsorption Trade-off in Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, April 2017

  • Gómez-Gualdrón, Diego A.; Wang, Timothy C.; García-Holley, Paula
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 9, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b01190

Functionalization of robust Zr( iv )-based metal–organic framework films via a postsynthetic ligand exchange
journal, January 2015

  • Fei, Honghan; Pullen, Sonja; Wagner, Andreas
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 51, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CC08218D

Metalation of a Thiocatechol-Functionalized Zr(IV)-Based Metal–Organic Framework for Selective C–H Functionalization
journal, February 2015

  • Fei, Honghan; Cohen, Seth M.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja5126885

A metal–organic framework immobilised iridium pincer complex
journal, January 2016

  • Rimoldi, Martino; Nakamura, Akitake; Vermeulen, Nicolaas A.
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 7, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6SC01376G

Bias-Switchable Permselectivity and Redox Catalytic Activity of a Ferrocene-Functionalized, Thin-Film Metal–Organic Framework Compound
journal, February 2015

  • Hod, Idan; Bury, Wojciech; Gardner, Daniel M.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b00019

Metal–Organic Framework (MOF) Defects under Control: Insights into the Missing Linker Sites and Their Implication in the Reactivity of Zirconium-Based Frameworks
journal, August 2015

  • Gutov, Oleksii V.; Hevia, Miguel González; Escudero-Adán, Eduardo C.
  • Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 54, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b01053

An Exceptionally Stable Metal–Organic Framework Supported Molybdenum(VI) Oxide Catalyst for Cyclohexene Epoxidation
journal, October 2016

  • Noh, Hyunho; Cui, Yuexing; Peters, Aaron W.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 138, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b08898

Sintering-Resistant Single-Site Nickel Catalyst Supported by Metal–Organic Framework
journal, February 2016

  • Li, Zhanyong; Schweitzer, Neil M.; League, Aaron B.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 138, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b12515

Stable Metal–Organic Framework-Supported Niobium Catalysts
journal, October 2016

Toward Inexpensive Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution: A Nickel Sulfide Catalyst Supported on a High-Stability Metal–Organic Framework
journal, August 2016

  • Peters, Aaron W.; Li, Zhanyong; Farha, Omar K.
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b04729

Vapor-Phase Metalation by Atomic Layer Deposition in a Metal–Organic Framework
journal, May 2013

  • Mondloch, Joseph E.; Bury, Wojciech; Fairen-Jimenez, David
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 28, p. 10294-10297
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja4050828

Bridging Zirconia Nodes within a Metal–Organic Framework via Catalytic Ni-Hydroxo Clusters to Form Heterobimetallic Nanowires
journal, July 2017

  • Platero-Prats, Ana E.; League, Aaron B.; Bernales, Varinia
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b04997

Metal–Organic Framework Supported Cobalt Catalysts for the Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Propane at Low Temperature
journal, November 2016

Atomic Layer Deposition in a Metal–Organic Framework: Synthesis, Characterization, and Performance of a Solid Acid
journal, January 2017

Metal–Organic Framework Thin Films as Platforms for Atomic Layer Deposition of Cobalt Ions To Enable Electrocatalytic Water Oxidation
journal, December 2015

  • Kung, Chung-Wei; Mondloch, Joseph E.; Wang, Timothy C.
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 51
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b06901

Amine Grafting on Coordinatively Unsaturated Metal Centers of MOFs: Consequences for Catalysis and Metal Encapsulation
journal, May 2008

  • Hwang, Young Kyu; Hong, Do-Young; Chang, Jong-San
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 47, Issue 22, p. 4144-4148
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200705998

Modification of the Mg/DOBDC MOF with Amines to Enhance CO 2 Adsorption from Ultradilute Gases
journal, April 2012

  • Choi, Sunho; Watanabe, Taku; Bae, Tae-Hyun
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 3, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/jz300328j

Controlling Cooperative CO 2 Adsorption in Diamine-Appended Mg 2 (dobpdc) Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, July 2017

  • Siegelman, Rebecca L.; McDonald, Thomas M.; Gonzalez, Miguel I.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b05858

Perfluoroalkane Functionalization of NU-1000 via Solvent-Assisted Ligand Incorporation: Synthesis and CO2 Adsorption Studies
journal, October 2013

  • Deria, Pravas; Mondloch, Joseph E.; Tylianakis, Emmanuel
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 45, p. 16801-16804
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja408959g

Postsynthetic Incorporation of a Singlet Oxygen Photosensitizer in a Metal-Organic Framework for Fast and Selective Oxidative Detoxification of Sulfur Mustard
journal, November 2016

  • Howarth, Ashlee J.; Buru, Cassandra T.; Liu, Yangyang
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 23, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201604972

Nanosizing a Metal–Organic Framework Enzyme Carrier for Accelerating Nerve Agent Hydrolysis
journal, October 2016

Metal–Organic Frameworks at the Biointerface: Synthetic Strategies and Applications
journal, May 2017

Stable metal-organic frameworks containing single-molecule traps for enzyme encapsulation
journal, January 2015

  • Feng, Dawei; Liu, Tian-Fu; Su, Jie
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6979

A series of metal–organic frameworks with high methane uptake and an empirical equation for predicting methane storage capacity
journal, January 2013

  • He, Yabing; Zhou, Wei; Yildirim, Taner
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 6, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ee41166d

A highly porous metal–organic framework, constructed from a cuboctahedral super-molecular building block, with exceptionally high methane uptake
journal, January 2012

  • Stoeck, Ulrich; Krause, Simon; Bon, Volodymyr
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 48, Issue 88
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2cc34840c

Assembly of metal–organic polyhedra into highly porous frameworks for ethene delivery
journal, January 2015

  • Stoeck, Ulrich; Senkovska, Irena; Bon, Volodymyr
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 51, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CC07920E

High volumetric uptake of ammonia using Cu-MOF-74/Cu-CPO-27
journal, January 2016

  • Katz, Michael J.; Howarth, Ashlee J.; Moghadam, Peyman Z.
  • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 45, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5DT03436A

The dual capture of As V and As III by UiO-66 and analogues
journal, January 2016

  • Audu, Cornelius O.; Nguyen, Huong Giang T.; Chang, Chih-Yi
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 7, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6SC00490C

High Propene/Propane Selectivity in Isostructural Metal-Organic Frameworks with High Densities of Open Metal Sites
journal, January 2012

  • Bae, Youn-Sang; Lee, Chang Yeon; Kim, Ki Chul
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 51, Issue 8, p. 1857-1860
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201107534

Computational Screening of Nanoporous Materials for Hexane and Heptane Isomer Separation
journal, July 2017

High Efficiency Adsorption and Removal of Selenate and Selenite from Water Using Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, June 2015

  • Howarth, Ashlee J.; Katz, Michael J.; Wang, Timothy C.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b03904

A Microporous Metal–Organic Framework for Gas-Chromatographic Separation of Alkanes
journal, February 2006

  • Chen, Banglin; Liang, Chengdu; Yang, Jun
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 118, Issue 9, p. 1418-1421
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.200502844

Hydrocarbon Separations in Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, September 2013

  • Herm, Zoey R.; Bloch, Eric D.; Long, Jeffrey R.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm402897c

Metal–Organic Frameworks as A Tunable Platform for Designing Functional Molecular Materials
journal, August 2013

  • Wang, Cheng; Liu, Demin; Lin, Wenbin
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja308229p

Chiral DHIP-Based Metal–Organic Frameworks for Enantioselective Recognition and Separation
journal, May 2016

Light-Harvesting Metal–Organic Frameworks (MOFs) Efficient Strut-to-Strut Energy Transfer in Bodipy and Porphyrin-Based MOFs
journal, October 2011

  • Lee, Chang Yeon; Farha, Omar K.; Hong, Bong Jin
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 40, p. 15858-15861
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja206029a

Metal–Organic Frameworks for Light Harvesting and Photocatalysis
journal, November 2012

  • Wang, Jin-Liang; Wang, Cheng; Lin, Wenbin
  • ACS Catalysis, Vol. 2, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/cs3005874

Light-Harvesting and Ultrafast Energy Migration in Porphyrin-Based Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, December 2012

  • Son, Ho-Jin; Jin, Shengye; Patwardhan, Sameer
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja310596a

MOF-based electronic and opto-electronic devices
journal, January 2014

  • Stavila, V.; Talin, A. A.; Allendorf, M. D.
  • Chem. Soc. Rev., Vol. 43, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CS00096J

A Luminescent Metal-Organic Framework with Lewis Basic Pyridyl Sites for the Sensing of Metal Ions
journal, January 2009

  • Chen, Banglin; Wang, Liangbo; Xiao, Yunqing
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 48, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200805101

Stress-Induced Chemical Detection Using Flexible Metal−Organic Frameworks
journal, November 2008

  • Allendorf, Mark D.; Houk, Ronald J. T.; Andruszkiewicz, Leanne
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 130, Issue 44, p. 14404-14405
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja805235k

Luminescent metal–organic frameworks for chemical sensing and explosive detection
journal, January 2014

  • Hu, Zhichao; Deibert, Benjamin J.; Li, Jing
  • Chem. Soc. Rev., Vol. 43, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CS00010B

Metal−Organic Frameworks as Sensors: A ZIF-8 Based Fabry−Pérot Device as a Selective Sensor for Chemical Vapors and Gases
journal, June 2010

  • Lu, Guang; Hupp, Joseph T.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja101415b

Metal–Organic Framework Materials as Chemical Sensors
journal, September 2011

  • Kreno, Lauren E.; Leong, Kirsty; Farha, Omar K.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 2, p. 1105-1125
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr200324t

Microstructural Engineering and Architectural Design of Metal-Organic Framework Membranes
journal, June 2017

Zeolite membranes – a review and comparison with MOFs
journal, January 2015

  • Rangnekar, N.; Mittal, N.; Elyassi, B.
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 44, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5CS00292C

Metal-organic framework nanosheets as building blocks for molecular sieving membranes
journal, December 2014

An overview: synthesis of thin films/membranes of metal organic frameworks and its gas separation performances
journal, January 2014

  • Yeo, Zee Ying; Chai, Siang-Piao; Zhu, Peng Wei
  • RSC Adv., Vol. 4, Issue 97
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4RA08884K

Synthesis, functionalization, and applications of metal–organic frameworks in biomedicine
journal, January 2018

BioMOFs: Metal-Organic Frameworks for Biological and Medical Applications
journal, July 2010

  • McKinlay, Alistair C.; Morris, Russell E.; Horcajada, Patricia
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 49, Issue 36, p. 6260-6266
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201000048

Metal organic frameworks as NO delivery materials for biological applications
journal, April 2010

Assembly of porphyrin building blocks into network structures with large channels
journal, June 1994

  • Abrahams, B. F.; Hoskins, B. F.; Michail, D. M.
  • Nature, Vol. 369, Issue 6483
  • DOI: 10.1038/369727a0

Selective binding and removal of guests in a microporous metal–organic framework
journal, December 1995

  • Yaghi, O. M.; Li, Guangming; Li, Hailian
  • Nature, Vol. 378, Issue 6558, p. 703-706
  • DOI: 10.1038/378703a0

Porous metal–organic-framework nanoscale carriers as a potential platform for drug delivery and imaging
journal, December 2009

  • Horcajada, Patricia; Chalati, Tamim; Serre, Christian
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2608

Nucleic Acid–Metal Organic Framework (MOF) Nanoparticle Conjugates
journal, May 2014

  • Morris, William; Briley, William E.; Auyeung, Evelyn
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja503215w

Nanoscale Metal–Organic Frameworks for the Co-Delivery of Cisplatin and Pooled siRNAs to Enhance Therapeutic Efficacy in Drug-Resistant Ovarian Cancer Cells
journal, February 2014

  • He, Chunbai; Lu, Kuangda; Liu, Demin
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja4098862

Surface-Specific Functionalization of Nanoscale Metal-Organic Frameworks
journal, October 2015

  • Wang, Shunzhi; Morris, William; Liu, Yangyang
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201506888

Synthetic routes toward MOF nanomorphologies
journal, January 2012

  • Flügel, Erik A.; Ranft, Annekathrin; Haase, Frederik
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 22, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2jm15675j

Nanoscale metal–organic materials
journal, January 2011

  • Carné, Arnau; Carbonell, Carlos; Imaz, Inhar
  • Chem. Soc. Rev., Vol. 40, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C0CS00042F

Infinite coordination polymer nano- and microparticle structures
journal, January 2009

  • Spokoyny, Alexander M.; Kim, Dongwoo; Sumrein, Abdelqader
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 38, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/b807085g

Synthesis of Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs): Routes to Various MOF Topologies, Morphologies, and Composites
journal, September 2011

  • Stock, Norbert; Biswas, Shyam
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 112, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr200304e

Best Practices for the Synthesis, Activation, and Characterization of Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, September 2016

From Micro to Nano: A Toolbox for Tuning Crystal Size and Morphology of Benzotriazolate-Based Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, May 2016

  • Bunzen, Hana; Grzywa, Maciej; Hambach, Manuel
  • Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 16, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.cgd.6b00038

Rapid Room-Temperature Synthesis and Characterization of Nanocrystals of a Prototypical Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework
journal, April 2009

  • Cravillon, Janosch; Münzer, Simon; Lohmeier, Sven-Jare
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm900166h

Rapid synthesis of zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) nanocrystals in an aqueous system
journal, January 2011

  • Pan, Yichang; Liu, Yunyang; Zeng, Gaofeng
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 47, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/c0cc05002d

Well-defined carbon polyhedrons prepared from nano metal–organic frameworks for oxygen reduction
journal, January 2014

  • Xia, Wei; Zhu, Jinghan; Guo, Wenhan
  • J. Mater. Chem. A, Vol. 2, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4TA01656D

Controlled Multiscale Synthesis of Porous Coordination Polymer in Nano/Micro Regimes
journal, August 2010

  • Diring, Stéphane; Furukawa, Shuhei; Takashima, Yohei
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm101778g

Room-Temperature Synthesis of UiO-66 and Thermal Modulation of Densities of Defect Sites
journal, January 2017

Unusual and Highly Tunable Missing-Linker Defects in Zirconium Metal–Organic Framework UiO-66 and Their Important Effects on Gas Adsorption
journal, May 2013

  • Wu, Hui; Chua, Yong Shen; Krungleviciute, Vaiva
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja404514r

Modulated Synthesis of Zr-Based Metal-Organic Frameworks: From Nano to Single Crystals
journal, May 2011

  • Schaate, Andreas; Roy, Pascal; Godt, Adelheid
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 17, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201003211

A facile synthesis of UiO-66, UiO-67 and their derivatives
journal, January 2013

  • Katz, Michael J.; Brown, Zachary J.; Colón, Yamil J.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 49, Issue 82
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3cc46105j

Role of Modulators in Controlling the Colloidal Stability and Polydispersity of the UiO-66 Metal–Organic Framework
journal, April 2017

  • Morris, William; Wang, Shunzhi; Cho, David
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 9, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b01040

Effects of Monocarboxylic Acid Additives on Synthesizing Metal–Organic Framework NH 2 -MIL-125 with Controllable Size and Morphology
journal, October 2017

Synthesis of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with microwave or ultrasound: Rapid reaction, phase-selectivity, and size reduction
journal, February 2015

Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, January 2011

  • Klinowski, Jacek; Almeida Paz, Filipe A.; Silva, Patrícia
  • Dalton Trans., Vol. 40, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1039/C0DT00708K

Effect of Water Concentration and Acidity on the Synthesis of Porous Chromium Benzenedicarboxylates
journal, March 2010

  • Khan, Nazmul Abedin; Jun, Jong Won; Jhung, Sung Hwa
  • European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 2010, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/ejic.200901064

Separation of CO 2 from CH 4 Using Mixed-Ligand Metal−Organic Frameworks
journal, August 2008

  • Bae, Youn-Sang; Mulfort, Karen L.; Frost, Houston
  • Langmuir, Vol. 24, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/la800555x

Microwave assisted hydrothermal synthesis of a novel CuI-sulfate-pyrazine MOF
journal, August 2007

  • Amo-Ochoa, Pilar; Givaja, Gonzalo; Miguel, Pablo J. Sanz
  • Inorganic Chemistry Communications, Vol. 10, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.inoche.2007.04.024

Microwave synthesis of hybrid inorganic–organic materials including porous Cu3(BTC)2 from Cu(II)-trimesate mixture
journal, March 2009

Metal–organic framework MOF-5 prepared by microwave heating: Factors to be considered
journal, December 2008

Efficient microwave assisted synthesis of metal–organic framework UiO-66: optimization and scale up
journal, January 2015

  • Taddei, Marco; Dau, Phuong V.; Cohen, Seth M.
  • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 44, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5DT01838B

journal, March 1990

Sonochemical synthesis of a nano-structured zinc(II) amidic pillar metal–organic framework
journal, November 2015

Sonochemical Synthesis and Characterization of Submicrometer Crystals of the Metal–Organic Framework Cu[(hfipbb)(H 2 hfipbb) 0.5 ]
journal, October 2011

  • Carson, Cantwell G.; Brown, Andrew J.; Sholl, David S.
  • Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 11, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/cg200728b

Facile synthesis of MOF-177 by a sonochemical method using 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone as a solvent
journal, January 2010

  • Jung, Da-Won; Yang, Da-Ae; Kim, Jun
  • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 39, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/b925088c

Sonochemical synthesis of MOF-5
journal, January 2008

  • Son, Won-Jin; Kim, Jun; Kim, Jaheon
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1039/b814740j

Sonocrystallization of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIF-7, ZIF-8, ZIF-11 and ZIF-20)
journal, January 2012

  • Seoane, Beatriz; Zamaro, Juan M.; Tellez, Carlos
  • CrystEngComm, Vol. 14, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2ce06382d

One-pot synthesis of metal–organic framework@SiO2 core–shell nanoparticles with enhanced visible-light photoactivity
journal, January 2013

  • Li, Zong-Qun; Wang, Ai; Guo, Chun-Yan
  • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 42, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3dt50845e

Molecular design of the surfactant and the co-structure-directing agent (CSDA) toward rational synthesis of targeted anionic surfactant templated mesoporous silica
journal, January 2007

  • Gao, Chuanbo; Sakamoto, Yasuhiro; Terasaki, Osamu
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 17, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1039/b704398h

Hierarchically Structure-Directing Effect of Multi-Ammonium Surfactants for the Generation of MFI Zeolite Nanosheets
journal, December 2011

  • Park, Woojin; Yu, Doae; Na, Kyungsu
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm201709q

Zeolite Synthesis Using Hierarchical Structure-Directing Surfactants: Retaining Porous Structure of Initial Synthesis Gel and Precursors
journal, July 2012

  • Cho, Kanghee; Na, Kyungsu; Kim, Jaeheon
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm300841v

Hierarchically Micro- and Mesoporous Metal-Organic Frameworks with Tunable Porosity
journal, November 2008

  • Qiu, Ling-Guang; Xu, Tao; Li, Zong-Qun
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 47, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200803640

Metal-Organic Framework Nanospheres with Well-Ordered Mesopores Synthesized in an Ionic Liquid/CO2/Surfactant System
journal, December 2010

  • Zhao, Yueju; Zhang, Jianling; Han, Buxing
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 50, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201005314

Shape and Size Controlled Synthesis of MOF Nanocrystals with the Assistance of Ionic Liquid Mircoemulsions
journal, October 2013

  • Shang, Wenting; Kang, Xinchen; Ning, Hui
  • Langmuir, Vol. 29, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1021/la402882a

Controllable Preparation of Nanoscale Metal–Organic Frameworks by Ionic Liquid Microemulsions
journal, May 2017

  • Zheng, Weizhong; Hao, Xiaolei; Zhao, Ling
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 56, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.7b00694

Metal organic framework synthesis in the presence of surfactants: towards hierarchical MOFs?
journal, January 2015

  • Seoane, B.; Dikhtiarenko, A.; Mayoral, A.
  • CrystEngComm, Vol. 17, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CE02324B

Self-assembly of polyhedral metal–organic framework particles into three-dimensional ordered superstructures
journal, October 2017

  • Avci, Civan; Imaz, Inhar; Carné-Sánchez, Arnau
  • Nature Chemistry, Vol. 10, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2875

A spray-drying strategy for synthesis of nanoscale metal–organic frameworks and their assembly into hollow superstructures
journal, February 2013

  • Carné-Sánchez, Arnau; Imaz, Inhar; Cano-Sarabia, Mary
  • Nature Chemistry, Vol. 5, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nchem.1569

Beyond the H 2 /CO 2 upper bound: one-step crystallization and separation of nano-sized ZIF-11 by centrifugation and its application in mixed matrix membranes
journal, January 2015

  • Sánchez-Laínez, Javier; Zornoza, Beatriz; Mayoral, Álvaro
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 3, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4TA06820C

Gas separation with mixed matrix membranes obtained from MOF UiO-66-graphite oxide hybrids
journal, March 2017

Metal–organic framework nanosheets in polymer composite materials for gas separation
journal, November 2014

  • Rodenas, Tania; Luz, Ignacio; Prieto, Gonzalo
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4113

Self-Exfoliated Metal-Organic Nanosheets through Hydrolytic Unfolding of Metal-Organic Polyhedra
journal, May 2017

  • Garai, Bikash; Mallick, Arijit; Das, Anuja
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 23, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201700848

Solvent-free synthesis of a microporous metal–organic framework
journal, January 2006

  • Pichon, Anne; Lazuen-Garay, Ana; James, Stuart L.
  • CrystEngComm, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/b513750k

New opportunities for materials synthesis using mechanochemistry
journal, January 2010

  • Friščić, Tomislav
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 20, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1039/c0jm00872a

Mechanochemical synthesis and characterisation of cocrystals and metal organic compounds
journal, January 2014

Digital Microfluidic High-Throughput Printing of Single Metal-Organic Framework Crystals
journal, February 2012

  • Witters, Daan; Vergauwe, Nicolas; Ameloot, Rob
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201104922

Microfluidic Approach toward Continuous and Ultrafast Synthesis of Metal–Organic Framework Crystals and Hetero Structures in Confined Microdroplets
journal, September 2013

  • Faustini, Marco; Kim, Jun; Jeong, Guan-Young
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja4039642

Bioactive MIL-88A Framework Hollow Spheres via Interfacial Reaction In-Droplet Microfluidics for Enzyme and Nanoparticle Encapsulation
journal, November 2015

Review on the current practices and efforts towards pilot-scale production of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)
journal, December 2017

  • Ren, Jianwei; Dyosiba, Xoliswa; Musyoka, Nicholas M.
  • Coordination Chemistry Reviews, Vol. 352
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ccr.2017.09.005

Accelerating the Controlled Synthesis of Metal–Organic Frameworks by a Microfluidic Approach: A Nanoliter Continuous Reactor
journal, September 2013

  • Paseta, Lorena; Seoane, Beatriz; Julve, Daniel
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 5, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/am4029872

Continuous, One-pot Synthesis and Post-Synthetic Modification of NanoMOFs Using Droplet Nanoreactors
journal, November 2016

  • Jambovane, Sachin R.; Nune, Satish K.; Kelly, Ryan T.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep36657

Enzyme encapsulation in metal–organic frameworks for applications in catalysis
journal, January 2017

  • Majewski, Marek B.; Howarth, Ashlee J.; Li, Peng
  • CrystEngComm, Vol. 19, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7CE00022G

Enzyme–MOF (metal–organic framework) composites
journal, January 2017

  • Lian, Xizhen; Fang, Yu; Joseph, Elizabeth
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 46, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7CS00058H

Nanoscale Metal–Organic Frameworks for Biomedical Imaging and Drug Delivery
journal, October 2011

  • Della Rocca, Joseph; Liu, Demin; Lin, Wenbin
  • Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 44, Issue 10, p. 957-968
  • DOI: 10.1021/ar200028a

Nanoscale Metal−Organic Frameworks as Potential Multimodal Contrast Enhancing Agents
journal, July 2006

  • Rieter, William J.; Taylor, Kathryn M. L.; An, Hongyu
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 128, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja0627444

Surface Modification and Functionalization of Nanoscale Metal-Organic Frameworks for Controlled Release and Luminescence Sensing
journal, August 2007

  • Rieter, William J.; Taylor, Kathryn M. L.; Lin, Wenbin
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 129, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja073506r

A luminescent nanoscale metal–organic framework with controllable morphologies for spore detection
journal, January 2012

  • Xu, Hui; Rao, Xingtang; Gao, Junkuo
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 48, Issue 59
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2cc32346j

In depth analysis of the in vivo toxicity of nanoparticles of porous iron(iii) metal–organic frameworks
journal, January 2013

  • Baati, Tarek; Njim, Leila; Neffati, Fadoua
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 4, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3sc22116d

Nanoscaled porphyrinic metal–organic frameworks: photosensitizer delivery systems for photodynamic therapy
journal, January 2017

  • Bůžek, Daniel; Zelenka, Jaroslav; Ulbrich, Pavel
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry B, Vol. 5, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6TB03230C