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Title: Helically symmetric extended magnetohydrodynamics: Hamiltonian formulation and equilibrium variational principles

Abstract

Hamiltonian extended magnetohydrodynamics (XMHD) is restricted to respect helical symmetry by reducing the Poisson bracket for the three-dimensional dynamics to a helically symmetric one, as an extension of the previous study for translationally symmetric XMHD (Kaltsaset al.,Phys. Plasmas, vol. 24, 2017, 092504). Four families of Casimir invariants are obtained directly from the symmetric Poisson bracket and they are used to construct Energy–Casimir variational principles for deriving generalized XMHD equilibrium equations with arbitrary macroscopic flows. The system is then cast into the form of Grad–Shafranov–Bernoulli equilibrium equations. The axisymmetric and the translationally symmetric formulations can be retrieved as geometric reductions of the helically symmetric one. As special cases, the derivation of the corresponding equilibrium equations for incompressible plasmas is discussed and the helically symmetric equilibrium equations for the Hall MHD system are obtained upon neglecting electron inertia. An example of an incompressible double-Beltrami equilibrium is presented in connection with a magnetic configuration having non-planar helical magnetic axis.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1538937
DOE Contract Number:  
FG05-80ET53088
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Plasma Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 84; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3778
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Physics

Citation Formats

Kaltsas, D. A., Throumoulopoulos, G. N., and Morrison, P. J. Helically symmetric extended magnetohydrodynamics: Hamiltonian formulation and equilibrium variational principles. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1017/s0022377818000338.
Kaltsas, D. A., Throumoulopoulos, G. N., & Morrison, P. J. Helically symmetric extended magnetohydrodynamics: Hamiltonian formulation and equilibrium variational principles. United States. doi:10.1017/s0022377818000338.
Kaltsas, D. A., Throumoulopoulos, G. N., and Morrison, P. J. Thu . "Helically symmetric extended magnetohydrodynamics: Hamiltonian formulation and equilibrium variational principles". United States. doi:10.1017/s0022377818000338.
@article{osti_1538937,
title = {Helically symmetric extended magnetohydrodynamics: Hamiltonian formulation and equilibrium variational principles},
author = {Kaltsas, D. A. and Throumoulopoulos, G. N. and Morrison, P. J.},
abstractNote = {Hamiltonian extended magnetohydrodynamics (XMHD) is restricted to respect helical symmetry by reducing the Poisson bracket for the three-dimensional dynamics to a helically symmetric one, as an extension of the previous study for translationally symmetric XMHD (Kaltsaset al.,Phys. Plasmas, vol. 24, 2017, 092504). Four families of Casimir invariants are obtained directly from the symmetric Poisson bracket and they are used to construct Energy–Casimir variational principles for deriving generalized XMHD equilibrium equations with arbitrary macroscopic flows. The system is then cast into the form of Grad–Shafranov–Bernoulli equilibrium equations. The axisymmetric and the translationally symmetric formulations can be retrieved as geometric reductions of the helically symmetric one. As special cases, the derivation of the corresponding equilibrium equations for incompressible plasmas is discussed and the helically symmetric equilibrium equations for the Hall MHD system are obtained upon neglecting electron inertia. An example of an incompressible double-Beltrami equilibrium is presented in connection with a magnetic configuration having non-planar helical magnetic axis.},
doi = {10.1017/s0022377818000338},
journal = {Journal of Plasma Physics},
issn = {0022-3778},
number = 3,
volume = 84,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}