skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Extreme weather and climate events with ecological relevance: a review


Not provided.

ORCiD logo;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:  
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 372; Journal Issue: 1723; Journal ID: ISSN 0962-8436
The Royal Society Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics

Citation Formats

Ummenhofer, Caroline C., and Meehl, Gerald A. Extreme weather and climate events with ecological relevance: a review. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0135.
Ummenhofer, Caroline C., & Meehl, Gerald A. Extreme weather and climate events with ecological relevance: a review. United States. doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0135.
Ummenhofer, Caroline C., and Meehl, Gerald A. Mon . "Extreme weather and climate events with ecological relevance: a review". United States. doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0135.
title = {Extreme weather and climate events with ecological relevance: a review},
author = {Ummenhofer, Caroline C. and Meehl, Gerald A.},
abstractNote = {Not provided.},
doi = {10.1098/rstb.2016.0135},
journal = {Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences},
issn = {0962-8436},
number = 1723,
volume = 372,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}

Works referenced in this record:

How climate change affects extreme weather events
journal, June 2016

Extreme weather, made by us?
journal, September 2015

Explaining Extreme Events of 2011 from a Climate Perspective
journal, July 2012

  • Peterson, Thomas C.; Stott, Peter A.; Herring, Stephanie
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 93, Issue 7, p. 1041-1067
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00021.1

Extreme climatic events shape arid and semiarid ecosystems
journal, March 2006

Impacts of Extreme Weather and Climate on Terrestrial Biota *
journal, March 2000

Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem
journal, July 2016

An extreme climatic event alters marine ecosystem structure in a global biodiversity hotspot
journal, July 2012

  • Wernberg, Thomas; Smale, Dan A.; Tuya, Fernando
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1627

Climate change, climatic variation and extreme biological responses
journal, May 2017

  • Palmer, Georgina; Platts, Philip J.; Brereton, Tom
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 372, Issue 1723
  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0144

Effects of climate extremes on the terrestrial carbon cycle: concepts, processes and potential future impacts
journal, May 2015

  • Frank, Dorothea; Reichstein, Markus; Bahn, Michael
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 21, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12916

The role of satellite remote sensing in climate change studies
journal, September 2013

Global satellite monitoring of climate-induced vegetation disturbances
journal, February 2015

A review of ocean color remote sensing methods and statistical techniques for the detection, mapping and analysis of phytoplankton blooms in coastal and open oceans
journal, April 2014

Detection and attribution of climate extremes in the observed record
journal, March 2016

  • Easterling, David R.; Kunkel, Kenneth E.; Wehner, Michael F.
  • Weather and Climate Extremes, Vol. 11
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.wace.2016.01.001

Future changes to the intensity and frequency of short-duration extreme rainfall: FUTURE INTENSITY OF SUB-DAILY RAINFALL
journal, August 2014

  • Westra, S.; Fowler, H. J.; Evans, J. P.
  • Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 52, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014RG000464

Attribution of extreme weather and climate-related events: Attribution of extreme weather and climate-related events
journal, December 2015

  • Stott, Peter A.; Christidis, Nikolaos; Otto, Friederike E. L.
  • Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/wcc.380

Behavioural, ecological and evolutionary responses to extreme climatic events: challenges and directions
journal, May 2017

  • van de Pol, Martijn; Jenouvrier, Stéphanie; Cornelissen, Johannes H. C.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 372, Issue 1723
  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0134

Soil Moisture–Atmosphere Interactions during the 2003 European Summer Heat Wave
journal, October 2007

  • Fischer, E. M.; Seneviratne, S. I.; Vidale, P. L.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 20, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI4288.1

Impact of soil moisture on extreme maximum temperatures in Europe
journal, September 2015

US daily temperature records past, present, and future
journal, November 2016

  • Meehl, Gerald A.; Tebaldi, Claudia; Adams-Smith, Dennis
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1606117113

Quantifying changes in climate variability and extremes: Pitfalls and their overcoming: CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND EXTREMES
journal, November 2015

  • Sippel, Sebastian; Zscheischler, Jakob; Heimann, Martin
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL066307

Changes in European temperature extremes can be predicted from changes in PDF central statistics: A letter
journal, November 2009

Frequent summer temperature extremes reflect changes in the mean, not the variance
journal, February 2013

  • Rhines, A.; Huybers, P.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1218748110

Consistent geographical patterns of changes in high-impact European heatwaves
journal, May 2010

  • Fischer, E. M.; Schär, C.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 3, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo866

On detecting ecological impacts of extreme climate events and why it matters
journal, May 2017

  • Solow, Andrew R.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 372, Issue 1723
  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0136

Detection and attribution of human influence on regional precipitation
journal, June 2016

  • Sarojini, Beena Balan; Stott, Peter A.; Black, Emily
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2976

Updated analyses of temperature and precipitation extreme indices since the beginning of the twentieth century: The HadEX2 dataset: HADEX2-GLOBAL GRIDDED CLIMATE EXTREMES
journal, March 2013

  • Donat, M. G.; Alexander, L. V.; Yang, H.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 118, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50150

Changes in means and extreme events of temperature and precipitation in the Asia-Pacific Network region, 1955-2007
journal, November 2009

  • Choi, Gwangyong; Collins, Dean; Ren, Guoyu
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 29, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.1979

Global Land-Based Datasets for Monitoring Climatic Extremes
journal, July 2013

  • Donat, M. G.; Alexander, L. V.; Yang, H.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 94, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00109.1

Future Decreases in Freezing Days across North America
journal, October 2016

  • Rawlins, Michael A.; Bradley, Raymond S.; Diaz, Henry F.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 29, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0802.1

Relative increase of record high maximum temperatures compared to record low minimum temperatures in the U.S.
journal, January 2009

  • Meehl, Gerald A.; Tebaldi, Claudia; Walton, Guy
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009GL040736

Trends in record-breaking temperatures for the conterminous United States: US RECORD-BREAKING TEMPERATURE TRENDS
journal, August 2012

  • Rowe, Clinton M.; Derry, Logan E.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012GL052775

Changes in the frequency of record temperature in Australia, 1957-2009
journal, June 2010

  • Trewin, Blair; Vermont, H.
  • Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal, Vol. 60, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.22499/2.6002.003

Changes in North American extremes derived from daily weather data
journal, January 2008

  • Peterson, Thomas C.; Zhang, Xuebin; Brunet-India, Manola
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009453

Temperature extremes in Europe: overview of their driving atmospheric patterns
journal, January 2012

  • Andrade, C.; Leite, S. M.; Santos, J. A.
  • Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 12, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.5194/nhess-12-1671-2012

Changes in temperature and precipitation extremes over the Indo-Pacific region from 1971 to 2005
journal, April 2011

  • Caesar, J.; Alexander, L. V.; Trewin, B.
  • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 31, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/joc.2118

Contributions of natural and anthropogenic forcing to changes in temperature extremes over the United States
journal, January 2007

  • Meehl, Gerald A.; Arblaster, Julie M.; Tebaldi, Claudia
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL030948

European Climate Extremes and the North Atlantic Oscillation
journal, January 2008

  • Scaife, Adam A.; Folland, Chris K.; Alexander, Lisa V.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 21, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1175/2007JCLI1631.1

Multiple extreme climatic events strengthen selection for earlier breeding in a wild passerine
journal, May 2017

  • Marrot, Pascal; Garant, Dany; Charmantier, Anne
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 372, Issue 1723
  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0372

Sensitivity of UK butterflies to local climatic extremes: which life stages are most at risk?
journal, October 2016

  • McDermott Long, Osgur; Warren, Rachel; Price, Jeff
  • Journal of Animal Ecology, Vol. 86, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12594

The Changing Character of Precipitation
journal, September 2003

  • Trenberth, Kevin E.; Dai, Aiguo; Rasmussen, Roy M.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 84, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-84-9-1205

Understanding future patterns of increased precipitation intensity in climate model simulations: PATTERNS OF PRECIPITATION EXTREMES
journal, September 2005

  • Meehl, Gerald A.; Arblaster, Julie M.; Tebaldi, Claudia
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 32, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005GL023680

Robust Responses of the Hydrological Cycle to Global Warming
journal, November 2006

  • Held, Isaac M.; Soden, Brian J.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 19, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI3990.1

How Much More Rain Will Global Warming Bring?
journal, July 2007

Anthropogenic greenhouse gas contribution to flood risk in England and Wales in autumn 2000
journal, February 2011

  • Pall, Pardeep; Aina, Tolu; Stone, Dáithí A.
  • Nature, Vol. 470, Issue 7334
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09762

Increased record-breaking precipitation events under global warming
journal, July 2015

Global Increasing Trends in Annual Maximum Daily Precipitation
journal, June 2013

Going to the Extremes: An Intercomparison of Model-Simulated Historical and Future Changes in Extreme Events
journal, October 2006

  • Tebaldi, Claudia; Hayhoe, Katharinec; Arblaster, Julie M.
  • Climatic Change, Vol. 79, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10584-006-9051-4

Extreme precipitation patterns and reductions of terrestrial ecosystem production across biomes: ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO EXTREME RAINFALL
journal, February 2013

  • Zhang, Yongguang; Susan Moran, M.; Nearing, Mark A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 118, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012JG002136

Changes in rainfall seasonality in the tropics
journal, May 2013

  • Feng, Xue; Porporato, Amilcare; Rodriguez-Iturbe, Ignacio
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1907

Local sea surface temperatures add to extreme precipitation in northeast Australia during La Niña: SSTs ADD TO EXTREME PRECIPITATION
journal, May 2012

  • Evans, Jason P.; Boyer-Souchet, Irène
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012GL052014

Crucial role of Black Sea warming in amplifying the 2012 Krymsk precipitation extreme
journal, July 2015

  • Meredith, Edmund P.; Semenov, Vladimir A.; Maraun, Douglas
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 8, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2483

Attribution of climate extreme events
journal, June 2015

  • Trenberth, Kevin E.; Fasullo, John T.; Shepherd, Theodore G.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 5, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2657

How did ocean warming affect Australian rainfall extremes during the 2010/2011 La Niña event?: OCEAN WARMING AND AUSTRALIAN EXTREMES
journal, November 2015

  • Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Sen Gupta, Alexander; England, Matthew H.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL065948

A synoptic climatology of heavy rain events in the Lake Eyre and Lake Frome catchments
journal, November 2014

  • Pook, Michael J.; Risbey, James S.; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.
  • Frontiers in Environmental Science, Vol. 2
  • DOI: 10.3389/fenvs.2014.00054

Contribution of semi-arid ecosystems to interannual variability of the global carbon cycle
journal, May 2014

  • Poulter, Benjamin; Frank, David; Ciais, Philippe
  • Nature, Vol. 509, Issue 7502
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13376

Human contribution to the European heatwave of 2003
journal, December 2004

  • Stott, Peter A.; Stone, D. A.; Allen, M. R.
  • Nature, Vol. 432, Issue 7017
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature03089

A Review of the European Summer Heat Wave of 2003
journal, March 2010

  • García-Herrera, R.; Díaz, J.; Trigo, R. M.
  • Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 40, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1080/10643380802238137

Predictability of Euro-Russian blocking in summer of 2010: EURO-RUSSIAN BLOCKING IN SUMMER 2010
journal, March 2011

The Hot Summer of 2010: Redrawing the Temperature Record Map of Europe
journal, March 2011

Climate extremes and climate change: The Russian heat wave and other climate extremes of 2010: CLIMATE EXTREMES-THE RUSSIAN HEAT WAVE
journal, September 2012

  • Trenberth, Kevin E.; Fasullo, John T.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D17
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012JD018020

Anatomy of an Extreme Event
journal, May 2013

More Intense, More Frequent, and Longer Lasting Heat Waves in the 21st Century
journal, August 2004

Dramatically increasing chance of extremely hot summers since the 2003 European heatwave
journal, December 2014

  • Christidis, Nikolaos; Jones, Gareth S.; Stott, Peter A.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2468

Disruption of the European climate seasonal clock in a warming world
journal, April 2016

  • Cassou, Christophe; Cattiaux, Julien
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2969

Europe-wide reduction in primary productivity caused by the heat and drought in 2003
journal, September 2005

Climate extremes and the carbon cycle
journal, August 2013

  • Reichstein, Markus; Bahn, Michael; Ciais, Philippe
  • Nature, Vol. 500, Issue 7462
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12350

The Impacts of Droughts in Tropical Forests
journal, July 2016

Drought impacts on the Amazon forest: the remote sensing perspective: Research review
journal, June 2010

Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change-type drought
journal, October 2005

  • Breshears, D. D.; Cobb, N. S.; Rich, P. M.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 102, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0505734102

Phenology of Mixed Woody–Herbaceous Ecosystems Following Extreme Events: net and Differential Responses
journal, February 2008

  • Rich, Paul M.; Breshears, David D.; White, Amanda B.
  • Ecology, Vol. 89, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1890/06-2137.1

Drought Sensitivity of the Amazon Rainforest
journal, March 2009

A global overview of drought and heat-induced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests
journal, February 2010

  • Allen, Craig D.; Macalady, Alison K.; Chenchouni, Haroun
  • Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 259, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.09.001

Warm spring reduced carbon cycle impact of the 2012 US summer drought
journal, April 2016

  • Wolf, Sebastian; Keenan, Trevor F.; Fisher, Joshua B.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1519620113

Ecosystem impacts of climate extremes crucially depend on the timing
journal, May 2016

  • Sippel, Sebastian; Zscheischler, Jakob; Reichstein, Markus
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1605667113

Projected intensification of subseasonal temperature variability and heat waves in the Great Plains: FUTURE HEAT WAVES IN CESM1-LE
journal, March 2016

  • Teng, Haiyan; Branstator, Grant; Meehl, Gerald A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL067574

The impacts of drought on freshwater ecosystems: an Australian perspective
journal, February 2008

Drought impacts on the water quality of freshwater systems; review and integration
journal, January 2015

Climate and wildfire area burned in western U.S. ecoprovinces, 1916–2003
journal, June 2009

  • Littell, Jeremy S.; McKenzie, Donald; Peterson, David L.
  • Ecological Applications, Vol. 19, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1890/07-1183.1

Warming and Earlier Spring Increase Western U.S. Forest Wildfire Activity
journal, August 2006

Long-term perspective on wildfires in the western USA
journal, February 2012

  • Marlon, J. R.; Bartlein, P. J.; Gavin, D. G.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1112839109

Environmental controls on the distribution of wildfire at multiple spatial scales
journal, February 2009

  • Parisien, Marc-André; Moritz, Max A.
  • Ecological Monographs, Vol. 79, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1890/07-1289.1

Landscape fragmentation, severe drought, and the new Amazon forest fire regime
journal, September 2015

  • Alencar, Ane A.; Brando, Paulo M.; Asner, Gregory P.
  • Ecological Applications, Vol. 25, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1890/14-1528.1

Positive Indian Ocean Dipole events precondition southeast Australia bushfires
journal, January 2009

  • Cai, W.; Cowan, T.; Raupach, M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009GL039902

What causes southeast Australia's worst droughts?
journal, January 2009

  • Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; England, Matthew H.; McIntosh, Peter C.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008GL036801

A hierarchical approach to defining marine heatwaves
journal, February 2016

Extreme climatic event drives range contraction of a habitat-forming species
journal, March 2013

  • Smale, Dan A.; Wernberg, Thomas
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 280, Issue 1754
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2012.2829

Fisheries Management in a Changing Climate: Lessons From the 2012 Ocean Heat Wave in the Northwest Atlantic
journal, January 2013

Mass mortality in Northwestern Mediterranean rocky benthic communities: effects of the 2003 heat wave
journal, May 2009

Frequency of marine heatwaves in the North Atlantic and North Pacific since 1950: FREQUENCY OF MARINE HEATWAVES SINCE 1950
journal, March 2016

  • Scannell, Hillary A.; Pershing, Andrew J.; Alexander, Michael A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL067308

Decadal increase in Ningaloo Niño since the late 1990s
journal, January 2015

  • Feng, Ming; Hendon, Harry H.; Xie, Shang-Ping
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL062509

A double-integration hypothesis to explain ocean ecosystem response to climate forcing
journal, January 2013

  • Di Lorenzo, E.; Ohman, M. D.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1218022110

Multi-year persistence of the 2014/15 North Pacific marine heatwave
journal, July 2016

  • Di Lorenzo, Emanuele; Mantua, Nathan
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3082

Anomalous winter winds decrease 2014 transition zone productivity in the NE Pacific
journal, January 2015

Air temperature and winter mortality: Implications for the persistence of the invasive mussel, Perna viridis in the intertidal zone of the south-eastern United States
journal, April 2011

  • Firth, Louise B.; Knights, Antony M.; Bell, Susan S.
  • Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol. 400, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2011.02.007

‘Caribbean Creep’ Chills Out: Climate Change and Marine Invasive Species
journal, December 2011

Effects of a Severe Cold Event on the Subtropical, Estuarine-Dependent Common Snook, Centropomus undecimalis
journal, January 2012

  • Adams, Aaron J.; Hill, Jessica E.; Kurth, Benjamin N.
  • Gulf and Caribbean Research, Vol. 24
  • DOI: 10.18785/gcr.2401.03

The impacts of climate change in coastal marine systems: Climate change in coastal marine systems
journal, January 2006

Climate-driven increases in storm frequency simplify kelp forest food webs: CLIMATE CHANGE AND KELP FOREST FOOD WEBS
journal, March 2011

Impacts on the Deep-Sea Ecosystem by a Severe Coastal Storm
journal, January 2012

The 27-year decline of coral cover on the Great Barrier Reef and its causes
journal, October 2012

  • De'ath, G.; Fabricius, K. E.; Sweatman, H.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1208909109

Climate-driven shifts in species' distributions may exacerbate the impacts of storm disturbances on North-east Atlantic kelp forests
journal, January 2016

  • Smale, Dan A.; Vance, Thomas
  • Marine and Freshwater Research, Vol. 67, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1071/MF14155

Evidence for Century-Timescale Acceleration in Mean Sea Levels and for Recent Changes in Extreme Sea Levels
journal, February 2011

  • Woodworth, Philip L.; Menéndez, Melisa; Roland Gehrels, W.
  • Surveys in Geophysics, Vol. 32, Issue 4-5
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10712-011-9112-8

Climate variability and planktonic communities: The effect of an extreme event (severe drought) in a southern European estuary
journal, July 2007

  • Marques, Sónia Cotrim; Azeiteiro, Ulisses Miranda; Martinho, Filipe
  • Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol. 73, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2007.03.010

Climate change effects on a miniature ocean: the highly diverse, highly impacted Mediterranean Sea
journal, April 2010

  • Lejeusne, Christophe; Chevaldonné, Pierre; Pergent-Martini, Christine
  • Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 25, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2009.10.009

Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves
journal, March 2014

  • Vose, Russell S.; Applequist, Scott; Bourassa, Mark A.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 95, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00162.1

Increasing wave heights and extreme value projections: The wave climate of the U.S. Pacific Northwest
journal, May 2010

Extreme wave climate changes in Central-South America
journal, February 2013

  • Izaguirre, Cristina; Méndez, Fernando J.; Espejo, Antonio
  • Climatic Change, Vol. 119, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10584-013-0712-9

A significant increase in wave height in the North Atlantic Ocean over the 20th century
journal, July 2013

Projected changes in wave climate from a multi-model ensemble
journal, January 2013

  • Hemer, Mark A.; Fan, Yalin; Mori, Nobuhito
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1791

Changes in global ocean wave heights as projected using multimodel CMIP5 simulations
journal, February 2014

  • Wang, Xiaolan L.; Feng, Yang; Swail, Val R.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013GL058650

Potential influences on the United Kingdom's floods of winter 2013/14
journal, August 2014

  • Huntingford, Chris; Marsh, Terry; Scaife, Adam A.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2314

Stormiest winter on record for Ireland and UK
journal, August 2014

  • Matthews, Tom; Murphy, Conor; Wilby, Robert L.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2336

Extreme wave activity during 2013/2014 winter and morphological impacts along the Atlantic coast of Europe
journal, March 2016

  • Masselink, Gerd; Castelle, Bruno; Scott, Tim
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL067492

Impacts on Coralligenous Outcrop Biodiversity of a Dramatic Coastal Storm
journal, January 2013

Future ocean hypercapnia driven by anthropogenic amplification of the natural CO2 cycle
journal, January 2016

Trends in Extreme Weather and Climate Events: Issues Related to Modeling Extremes in Projections of Future Climate Change *
journal, March 2000

Early onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents
journal, August 2016

  • Abram, Nerilie J.; McGregor, Helen V.; Tierney, Jessica E.
  • Nature, Vol. 536, Issue 7617
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature19082

The role of sustained observations in tracking impacts of environmental change on marine biodiversity and ecosystems
journal, September 2014

  • Mieszkowska, N.; Sugden, H.; Firth, L. B.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 372, Issue 2025
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2013.0339

A new generation of climate-change experiments: events, not trends
journal, September 2007

Biophysical interactions in the plankton: A cross-scale review: Biophysical interactions in the plankton
journal, April 2012

  • Prairie, Jennifer C.; Sutherland, Kelly R.; Nickols, Kerry J.
  • Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environments, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1215/21573689-1964713

Ecological and Evolutionary Responses to Recent Climate Change
journal, December 2006

Early assessment of seasonal forage availability for mitigating the impact of drought on East African pastoralists
journal, March 2016

Detection and attribution of large spatiotemporal extreme events in Earth observation data
journal, May 2013

A few extreme events dominate global interannual variability in gross primary production
journal, March 2014

  • Zscheischler, Jakob; Mahecha, Miguel D.; von Buttlar, Jannis
  • Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/9/3/035001

Extreme events in gross primary production: a characterization across continents
journal, January 2014

Climate change and marine plankton
journal, June 2005

A compound event framework for understanding extreme impacts: A compound event framework
journal, September 2013

  • Leonard, Michael; Westra, Seth; Phatak, Aloke
  • Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/wcc.252

Tackling extremes: challenges for ecological and evolutionary research on extreme climatic events
journal, November 2015