skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Probing acceleration and turbulence at relativistic shocks in blazar jets

Abstract

Not provided.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1535667
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0001481
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 464; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Astronomy & Astrophysics

Citation Formats

Baring, Matthew G., Böttcher, Markus, and Summerlin, Errol J. Probing acceleration and turbulence at relativistic shocks in blazar jets. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw2344.
Baring, Matthew G., Böttcher, Markus, & Summerlin, Errol J. Probing acceleration and turbulence at relativistic shocks in blazar jets. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw2344.
Baring, Matthew G., Böttcher, Markus, and Summerlin, Errol J. Thu . "Probing acceleration and turbulence at relativistic shocks in blazar jets". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw2344.
@article{osti_1535667,
title = {Probing acceleration and turbulence at relativistic shocks in blazar jets},
author = {Baring, Matthew G. and Böttcher, Markus and Summerlin, Errol J.},
abstractNote = {Not provided.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stw2344},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
issn = {0035-8711},
number = 4,
volume = 464,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {9}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Observation of High-Energy Astrophysical Neutrinos in Three Years of IceCube Data
journal, September 2014


FERMI OBSERVATIONS OF TeV-SELECTED ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI
journal, December 2009


THE FIRST CATALOG OF ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI DETECTED BY THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
journal, April 2010


THE SPECTRAL ENERGY DISTRIBUTION OF FERMI BRIGHT BLAZARS
journal, May 2010


INSIGHTS INTO THE HIGH-ENERGY γ-RAY EMISSION OF MARKARIAN 501 FROM EXTENSIVE MULTIFREQUENCY OBSERVATIONS IN THE FERMI ERA
journal, January 2011


FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS OF MARKARIAN 421: THE MISSING PIECE OF ITS SPECTRAL ENERGY DISTRIBUTION
journal, July 2011


Spectral Energy Distribution of Markarian 501: Quiescent State Versus Extreme Outburst
journal, February 2011


Multi-Wavelength Observations of Blazar ao 0235+164 in the 2008-2009 Flaring State
journal, May 2012


On the Location of the γ-Ray Outburst Emission in the bl Lacertae Object ao 0235+164 Through Observations Across the Electromagnetic Spectrum
journal, June 2011


SIMULTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS OF PKS 2155–304 WITH HESS, FERMI , RXTE , AND ATOM: SPECTRAL ENERGY DISTRIBUTIONS AND VARIABILITY IN A LOW STATE
journal, April 2009


Variable Very High Energy γ‐Ray Emission from Markarian 501
journal, November 2007

  • Albert, J.; Aliu, E.; Anderhub, H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 669, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/521382

Multiwavelength observations of Mrk 501 in 2008
journal, December 2014


Very high energy outburst of Markarian 501 in May 2009
journal, October 2016


Particle Acceleration and Magnetic Field Amplification in the jets of 4c74.26
journal, June 2015


RAPID TeV GAMMA-RAY FLARING OF BL LACERTAE
journal, December 2012


Acceleration of Solar Wind Ions by Nearby Interplanetary Shocks: Comparison of Monte Carlo Simulations with Ulysses Observations
journal, February 1997

  • Baring, Matthew G.; Ogilvie, Keith W.; Ellison, Donald C.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 476, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/303645

Radio to Gamma‐Ray Emission from Shell‐Type Supernova Remnants: Predictions from Nonlinear Shock Acceleration Models
journal, March 1999

  • Baring, Matthew G.; Ellison, Donald C.; Reynolds, Stephen P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 513, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/306829

Energy Spectra of Cosmic Rays Accelerated at Ultrarelativistic Shock Waves
journal, May 1998


Shock-drift particle acceleration in superluminal shocks - A model for hot spots in extragalactic radio sources
journal, April 1990

  • Begelman, Mitchell C.; Kirk, John G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 353
  • DOI: 10.1086/168590

The AGN Black Hole Mass Database
journal, January 2015

  • Bentz, Misty C.; Katz, Sarah
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 127, Issue 947
  • DOI: 10.1086/679601

Comparison of Spectral Slopes of Magnetohydrodynamic and Hydrodynamic Turbulence and Measurements of Alignment Effects
journal, August 2009


Proton and electron mean free paths: The Palmer consensus revisited
journal, January 1994

  • Bieber, John W.; Matthaeus, William H.; Smith, Charles W.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 420
  • DOI: 10.1086/173559

Particle acceleration at astrophysical shocks: A theory of cosmic ray origin
journal, October 1987


Comptonization of Infrared Radiation from Hot Dust by Relativistic Jets in Quasars
journal, December 2000

  • Błażejowski, M.; Sikora, M.; Moderski, R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 545, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/317791

X‐Ray Spectral Variability Signatures of Flares in BL Lacertae Objects
journal, December 2002

  • Bottcher, Markus; Chiang, James
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 581, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/344155

The Hard VHE γ-Ray Emission in High-Redshift TeV Blazars: Comptonization of Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation in an Extended Jet?
journal, April 2008

  • Böttcher, Markus; Dermer, Charles D.; Finke, Justin D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 679, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/588780

LEPTONIC AND HADRONIC MODELING OF FERMI -DETECTED BLAZARS
journal, April 2013


Simulations of ion Acceleration at Non-Relativistic Shocks. iii. Particle Diffusion
journal, September 2014


Multiwavelength Observations of a Flare from Markarian 501
journal, October 1997

  • Catanese, M.; Bradbury, S. M.; Breslin, A. C.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 487, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/310899

Extreme Particle Acceleration in Magnetic Reconnection Layers: Application to the Gamma-Ray Flares in the crab Nebula
journal, February 2012

  • Cerutti, Benoît; Uzdensky, Dmitri A.; Begelman, Mitchell C.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 746, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/746/2/148

Synchrotron and Synchrotron Self‐Compton Spectral Signatures and Blazar Emission Models
journal, January 2002

  • Chiang, James; Bottcher, Markus
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 564, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/324294

Simulations of Relativistic Force‐free Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence
journal, March 2005

  • Cho, Jungyeon
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 621, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/427493

Compressible magnetohydrodynamic turbulence: mode coupling, scaling relations, anisotropy, viscosity-damped regime and astrophysical implications
journal, October 2003


Magneto-Hydrodynamic Shocks
journal, November 1950


Gamma-Ray Observations of the Crab Nebula: A Study of the Synchro-Compton Spectrum
journal, January 1996

  • de Jager, O. C.; Harding, A. K.; Michelson, P. F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 457
  • DOI: 10.1086/176726

The Whitehead: A Model to Avoid?
journal, April 1992


Gamma-ray-loud blazars and beaming
journal, April 1995

  • Dondi, Laura; Ghisellini, Gabriele
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 273, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/273.3.583

An introduction to the theory of diffusive shock acceleration of energetic particles in tenuous plasmas
journal, August 1983


Diffusive shock acceleration in unmodified relativistic, oblique shocks
journal, November 2004


Monte Carlo shock-like solutions to the Boltzmann equation with collective scattering
journal, November 1984

  • Ellison, D. C.; Eichler, D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 286
  • DOI: 10.1086/162644

Particle injection and acceleration at earth's bow shock - Comparison of upstream and downstream events
journal, March 1990

  • Ellison, Donald C.; Moebius, Eberhard; Paschmann, Goetz
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 352
  • DOI: 10.1086/168544

First-order Fermi particle acceleration by relativistic shocks
journal, September 1990

  • Ellison, Donald C.; Reynolds, Stephen P.; Jones, Frank C.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 360
  • DOI: 10.1086/169156

Nonlinear Particle Acceleration in Oblique Shocks
journal, December 1996

  • Ellison, Donald C.; Baring, Matthew G.; Jones, Frank C.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 473, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/178213

Monte Carlo Simulations of Nonlinear Particle Acceleration in Parallel Trans-Relativistic Shocks
journal, September 2013

  • Ellison, Donald C.; Warren, Donald C.; Bykov, Andrei M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 776, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/776/1/46

Modeling the Extragalactic Background Light from Stars and dust
journal, February 2010


Cosmic-Ray Streaming Perpendicular to the Mean Magnetic Field
journal, September 1974

  • Forman, M. A.; Jokipii, J. R.; Owens, A. J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 192
  • DOI: 10.1086/153087

FIRST NuSTAR OBSERVATIONS OF MRK 501 WITHIN A RADIO TO TeV MULTI-INSTRUMENT CAMPAIGN
journal, October 2015


Relativistic, perpendicular shocks in electron-positron plasmas
journal, May 1992

  • Gallant, Yves A.; Hoshino, Masahiro; Langdon, A. B.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 391
  • DOI: 10.1086/171326

Anti-Correlated Optical flux and Polarization Variability in bl lac
journal, December 2013


The power of relativistic jets is larger than the luminosity of their accretion disks
journal, November 2014

  • Ghisellini, G.; Tavecchio, F.; Maraschi, L.
  • Nature, Vol. 515, Issue 7527
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13856

The Transport of Cosmic Rays across a Turbulent Magnetic Field
journal, July 1999

  • Giacalone, J.; Jokipii, J. R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 520, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/307452

Parsec‐Scale Properties of Markarian 501
journal, January 2004

  • Giroletti, M.; Giovannini, G.; Feretti, L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 600, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/379663

Properties of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence in the solar wind as observed by Ulysses at high heliographic latitudes
journal, December 1995

  • Goldstein, B. E.; Smith, E. J.; Balogh, A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 22, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1029/95GL03183

Spectral and variability constraints on compact sources
journal, December 1983

  • Guilbert, P. W.; Fabian, A. C.; Rees, M. J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 205, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/205.3.593

X-Ray Emission from Extragalactic Jets
journal, September 2006


Detection of high-energy gamma radiation from quasar 3C 279 by the EGRET telescope on the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory
journal, January 1992

  • Hartman, R. C.; Bertsch, D. L.; Fichtel, C. E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 385
  • DOI: 10.1086/186263

A Note on the Parallel Diffusion Coefficient
journal, November 1970

  • Hasselmann, K.; Wibberenz, G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 162
  • DOI: 10.1086/150736

Electron Acceleration and Gamma-Ray Emission from Blazars
journal, May 1996

  • Inoue, Susumu; Takahara, Fumio
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 463
  • DOI: 10.1086/177270

Cosmic-Ray Propagation. I. Charged Particles in a Random Magnetic Field
journal, November 1966

  • Jokipii, J. R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 146
  • DOI: 10.1086/148912

Particle drift, diffusion, and acceleration at shocks
journal, April 1982

  • Jokipii, J. R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 255
  • DOI: 10.1086/159870

Rate of energy gain and maximum energy in diffusive shock acceleration
journal, February 1987

  • Jokipii, J. R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 313
  • DOI: 10.1086/165022

The plasma physics of shock acceleration
journal, December 1991

  • Jones, Frank C.; Ellison, Donald C.
  • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 58, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01206003

Multiepoch Very Long Baseline Array Observations of EGRET‐detected Quasars and BL Lacertae Objects: Superluminal Motion of Gamma‐Ray Bright Blazars
journal, June 2001

  • Jorstad, Svetlana G.; Marscher, Alan P.; Mattox, John R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 134, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/320858

Polarimetric Observations of 15 Active Galactic Nuclei at High Frequencies: Jet Kinematics from Bimonthly Monitoring with the Very Long Baseline Array
journal, October 2005

  • Jorstad, Svetlana G.; Marscher, Alan P.; Lister, Matthew L.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 130, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1086/444593

Dust and Diffuse Interstellar Bands in the z a = 0.524 Absorption System toward AO 0235+164
journal, October 2004

  • Junkkarinen, V. T.; Cohen, Ross D.; Beaver, E. A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 614, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/423777

Particle acceleration at oblique shock fronts
journal, August 1989

  • Kirk, J. G.; Heavens, A. F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 239, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/239.3.995

On the acceleration of charged particles at relativistic shock fronts
journal, April 1987

  • Kirk, J. G.; Schneider, P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 315
  • DOI: 10.1086/165147

Particle Acceleration at Ultrarelativistic Shocks: An Eigenfunction Method
journal, October 2000

  • Kirk, J. G.; Guthmann, A. W.; Gallant, Y. A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 542, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/309533

Scientific prospects for hard X-ray polarimetry
journal, February 2011


The Effect of Wave-Particle Interactions on the Propagation of Cosmic Rays
journal, May 1969

  • Kulsrud, Russell; Pearce, William P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 156
  • DOI: 10.1086/149981

Coupled hydromagnetic wave excitation and ion acceleration upstream of the Earth's bow shock
journal, July 1982


Magnetic Field Generation and Particle Energization at Relativistic Shear Boundaries in Collisionless Electron-Positron Plasmas
journal, March 2013


Detection of high-energy gamma-ray emission from the BL Lacertae object Markarian 421 by the EGRET telescope on the Compton Observatory
journal, December 1992

  • Lin, Y. C.; Bertsch, D. L.; Chiang, J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 401
  • DOI: 10.1086/186671

Disc-jet coupling in black hole accretion systems - I. General relativistic magnetohydrodynamical models
journal, February 2007


A jet model for the gamma-ray emitting blazar 3C 279
journal, September 1992

  • Maraschi, L.; Ghisellini, G.; Celotti, A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 397
  • DOI: 10.1086/186531

Simultaneous X-Ray and T[CLC]e[/CLC]V Observations of a Rapid Flare from Markarian 421
journal, December 1999

  • Maraschi, L.; Fossati, G.; Tavecchio, F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 526, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/312370

The inner jet of an active galactic nucleus as revealed by a radio-to-γ-ray outburst
journal, April 2008

  • Marscher, Alan P.; Jorstad, Svetlana G.; D’Arcangelo, Francesca D.
  • Nature, Vol. 452, Issue 7190
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06895

Probing the Inner jet of the Quasar pks 1510–089 with Multi-Waveband Monitoring During Strong Gamma-Ray Activity
journal, February 2010

  • Marscher, Alan P.; Jorstad, Svetlana G.; Larionov, Valeri M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 710, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/710/2/L126

Temporal variations of nucleonic abundances in solar flare energetic particle events. I - Well-connected events
journal, April 1983

  • Mason, G. M.; Gloeckler, G.; Hovestadt, D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 267
  • DOI: 10.1086/160919

Transverse stability of relativistic two-component jets
journal, October 2007


Three‐dimensional Relativistic Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations of Magnetized Spine‐Sheath Relativistic Jets
journal, June 2007

  • Mizuno, Yosuke; Hardee, Philip; Nishikawa, Ken‐Ichi
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 662, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/518106

Mean free paths of energetic particles at very large heliodistances (Pioneer 11 at 20 AU)
journal, July 1992

  • Moussas, X.; Quenby, J. J.; Theodossiou-Ekaterinidi, Z.
  • Solar Physics, Vol. 140, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00148436

A proton synchrotron blazar model for flaring in Markarian 501
journal, March 2001


Cosmic‐Ray Acceleration at Relativistic Shock Waves with a “Realistic” Magnetic Field Structure
journal, August 2004

  • Niemiec, Jacek; Ostrowski, Michał
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 610, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/421730

Host galaxy subtraction of TeV candidate BL Lacertae objects
journal, September 2007


Particle Acceleration and Magnetic Field Generation in Electron‐Positron Relativistic Shocks
journal, April 2005

  • Nishikawa, K. ‐I.; Hardee, P.; Richardson, G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 622, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/428394

Transport coefficients of low-energy cosmic rays in interplanetary space
journal, January 1982


Particle-in-cell simulations of particle energization from low Mach number fast mode shocks
journal, June 2012

  • Park, Jaehong; Workman, Jared C.; Blackman, Eric G.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4729913

Simultaneous Acceleration of Protons and Electrons at Nonrelativistic Quasiparallel Collisionless Shocks
journal, February 2015


Fermi acceleration by relativistic shock waves
journal, September 1981


Central Masses and Broad‐Line Region Sizes of Active Galactic Nuclei. II. A Homogeneous Analysis of a Large Reverberation‐Mapping Database
journal, October 2004

  • Peterson, B. M.; Ferrarese, L.; Gilbert, K. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 613, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/423269

Spectral Exponents of Kinetic and Magnetic Energy Spectra in Solar Wind Turbulence
journal, July 2007

  • Podesta, J. J.; Roberts, D. A.; Goldstein, M. L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 664, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/519211

Detection of TeV photons from the active galaxy Markarian 421
journal, August 1992

  • Punch, M.; Akerlof, C. W.; Cawley, M. F.
  • Nature, Vol. 358, Issue 6386
  • DOI: 10.1038/358477a0

Photohadronic neutrinos from transients in astrophysical sources
journal, November 1998


Universality and Intermittency in Relativistic Turbulent Flows of a hot Plasma
journal, March 2013


Comptonization of diffuse ambient radiation by a relativistic jet: The source of gamma rays from blazars?
journal, January 1994

  • Sikora, Marek; Begelman, Mitchell C.; Rees, Martin J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 421
  • DOI: 10.1086/173633

Learning about Active Galactic Nucleus Jets from Spectral Properties of Blazars
journal, July 1997

  • Sikora, Marek; Madejski, Greg; Moderski, Rafał
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 484, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/304305

Interpenetrating Plasma Shells: Near-Equipartition Magnetic Field Generation and Nonthermal Particle Acceleration
journal, September 2003

  • Silva, L. O.; Fonseca, R. A.; Tonge, J. W.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 596, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/379156

Polarized Infrared Emission by Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Resulting from Anisotropic Illumination
journal, May 2009


Relativistic Reconnection: an Efficient Source of Non-Thermal Particles
journal, February 2014


Particle Acceleration in Relativistic Collisionless Shocks: Fermi Process at Last?
journal, July 2008

  • Spitkovsky, Anatoly
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 682, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/590248

Blazar γ-Rays, Shock Acceleration, and the Extragalactic Background Light
journal, September 2007

  • Stecker, Floyd W.; Baring, Matthew G.; Summerlin, Errol J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 667, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/522005

Diffusive Acceleration of Particles at Oblique, Relativistic, Magnetohydrodynamic Shocks
journal, December 2011


Complex Spectral Variability from Intensive Multiwavelength Monitoring of Markarian 421 in 1998
journal, October 2000

  • Takahashi, T.; Kataoka, J.; Madejski, G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 542, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/312929

Simulations of ultrarelativistic magnetodynamic jets from gamma-ray burst engines
journal, August 2008

  • Tchekhovskoy, Alexander; McKinney, Jonathan C.; Narayan, Ramesh
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 388, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13425.x

The extended jet of AP Librae: Origin of the very high-energy γ -ray emission?
journal, March 2016


The radial and latitudinal dependence of the cosmic ray diffusion tensor in the heliosphere
journal, February 1998

  • Zank, G. P.; Matthaeus, W. H.; Bieber, J. W.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 103, Issue A2
  • DOI: 10.1029/97JA03013

Spectral and Intermittency Properties of Relativistic Turbulence
journal, December 2012