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Title: Diagnosing collisionless energy transfer using field–particle correlations: Vlasov–Poisson plasmas

Abstract

Turbulence plays a key role in the conversion of the energy of large-scale fields and flows to plasma heat, impacting the macroscopic evolution of the heliosphere and other astrophysical plasma systems. Although we have long been able to make direct spacecraft measurements of all aspects of the electromagnetic field and plasma fluctuations in near-Earth space, our understanding of the physical mechanisms responsible for the damping of the turbulent fluctuations in heliospheric plasmas remains incomplete. Here we propose an innovative field–particle correlation technique that can be used to measure directly the secular energy transfer from fields to particles associated with collisionless damping of the turbulent fluctuations. Furthermore, this novel procedure yields information about the collisionless energy transfer as a function of particle velocity, providing vital new information that can help to identify the dominant collisionless mechanism governing the damping of the turbulent fluctuations. Kinetic plasma theory is used to devise the appropriate correlation to diagnose Landau damping, and the field–particle correlation technique is thoroughly illustrated using the simplified case of the Landau damping of Langmuir waves in a 1D-1V (one dimension in physical space and one dimension in velocity space) Vlasov–Poisson plasma. Generalizations necessary to apply the field–particle correlation technique tomore » diagnose the collisionless damping of turbulent fluctuations in the solar wind are discussed, highlighting several caveats. This novel field–particle correlation technique is intended to be used as a primary analysis tool for measurements from current, upcoming and proposed spacecraft missions that are focused on the kinetic microphysics of weakly collisional heliospheric plasmas, including the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS), Solar Probe Plus, Solar Orbiter and Turbulence Heating ObserveR (THOR) missions.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1534396
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0014599
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Plasma Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 83; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3778
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Physics

Citation Formats

Howes, Gregory G., Klein, Kristopher G., and Li, Tak Chu. Diagnosing collisionless energy transfer using field–particle correlations: Vlasov–Poisson plasmas. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1017/s0022377816001197.
Howes, Gregory G., Klein, Kristopher G., & Li, Tak Chu. Diagnosing collisionless energy transfer using field–particle correlations: Vlasov–Poisson plasmas. United States. doi:10.1017/s0022377816001197.
Howes, Gregory G., Klein, Kristopher G., and Li, Tak Chu. Thu . "Diagnosing collisionless energy transfer using field–particle correlations: Vlasov–Poisson plasmas". United States. doi:10.1017/s0022377816001197.
@article{osti_1534396,
title = {Diagnosing collisionless energy transfer using field–particle correlations: Vlasov–Poisson plasmas},
author = {Howes, Gregory G. and Klein, Kristopher G. and Li, Tak Chu},
abstractNote = {Turbulence plays a key role in the conversion of the energy of large-scale fields and flows to plasma heat, impacting the macroscopic evolution of the heliosphere and other astrophysical plasma systems. Although we have long been able to make direct spacecraft measurements of all aspects of the electromagnetic field and plasma fluctuations in near-Earth space, our understanding of the physical mechanisms responsible for the damping of the turbulent fluctuations in heliospheric plasmas remains incomplete. Here we propose an innovative field–particle correlation technique that can be used to measure directly the secular energy transfer from fields to particles associated with collisionless damping of the turbulent fluctuations. Furthermore, this novel procedure yields information about the collisionless energy transfer as a function of particle velocity, providing vital new information that can help to identify the dominant collisionless mechanism governing the damping of the turbulent fluctuations. Kinetic plasma theory is used to devise the appropriate correlation to diagnose Landau damping, and the field–particle correlation technique is thoroughly illustrated using the simplified case of the Landau damping of Langmuir waves in a 1D-1V (one dimension in physical space and one dimension in velocity space) Vlasov–Poisson plasma. Generalizations necessary to apply the field–particle correlation technique to diagnose the collisionless damping of turbulent fluctuations in the solar wind are discussed, highlighting several caveats. This novel field–particle correlation technique is intended to be used as a primary analysis tool for measurements from current, upcoming and proposed spacecraft missions that are focused on the kinetic microphysics of weakly collisional heliospheric plasmas, including the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS), Solar Probe Plus, Solar Orbiter and Turbulence Heating ObserveR (THOR) missions.},
doi = {10.1017/s0022377816001197},
journal = {Journal of Plasma Physics},
issn = {0022-3778},
number = 1,
volume = 83,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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