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Title: Trends and Progress in Nuclear and Hadron Physics: A Straight or Winding Road

Abstract

Not provided.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); Univ. of California, Oakland, CA (United States); UT-Battelle LLC/ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN (Unted States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1533298
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-87ER40371; SC0008485; AC02-05CH11231; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Few-Body Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0177-7963
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Physics

Citation Formats

Vary, James P., Adhikari, Lekha, Chen, Guangyao, Li, Meijian, Li, Yang, Maris, Pieter, Qian, Wenyang, Spence, John R., Tang, Shuo, Tuchin, Kirill, and Zhao, Xingbo. Trends and Progress in Nuclear and Hadron Physics: A Straight or Winding Road. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/s00601-016-1210-1.
Vary, James P., Adhikari, Lekha, Chen, Guangyao, Li, Meijian, Li, Yang, Maris, Pieter, Qian, Wenyang, Spence, John R., Tang, Shuo, Tuchin, Kirill, & Zhao, Xingbo. Trends and Progress in Nuclear and Hadron Physics: A Straight or Winding Road. United States. doi:10.1007/s00601-016-1210-1.
Vary, James P., Adhikari, Lekha, Chen, Guangyao, Li, Meijian, Li, Yang, Maris, Pieter, Qian, Wenyang, Spence, John R., Tang, Shuo, Tuchin, Kirill, and Zhao, Xingbo. Mon . "Trends and Progress in Nuclear and Hadron Physics: A Straight or Winding Road". United States. doi:10.1007/s00601-016-1210-1.
@article{osti_1533298,
title = {Trends and Progress in Nuclear and Hadron Physics: A Straight or Winding Road},
author = {Vary, James P. and Adhikari, Lekha and Chen, Guangyao and Li, Meijian and Li, Yang and Maris, Pieter and Qian, Wenyang and Spence, John R. and Tang, Shuo and Tuchin, Kirill and Zhao, Xingbo},
abstractNote = {Not provided.},
doi = {10.1007/s00601-016-1210-1},
journal = {Few-Body Systems},
issn = {0177-7963},
number = 2,
volume = 58,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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We review selected recent results and future prospects with basis light-front quantization that include fermion-antifermion bound states in QCD, fermion motion in a strong time-dependent external field and a novel non-perturbative renormalization scheme.</div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s00601-016-1117-x" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="1565419" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AC" >10.1007/s00601-016-1117-x</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="1" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/biblio/1567331-recent-development-monte-carlo-shell-model-its-application-core-calculations" itemprop="url">Recent development of Monte Carlo shell model and its application to no-core calculations</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Journal Article</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Abe, T.</span> ; <span class="author">Maris, P.</span> ; <span class="author">Otsuka, T.</span> ; <span class="author">...</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"> - Journal of Physics. Conference Series (Online)</span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">One of the major challenges in nuclear theory is to reproduce and to predict nuclear structure from ab initio calculations with realistic nuclear forces. As the current limitation of direct diagonalization of Hamiltonian matrices by Lanczos iteration method is around the order of matrix dimensionality 10 <sup>10</sup> in shell-model calculations, it is difficult to access heavier nuclei beyond the p shell with sufficiently large basis spaces. It is possible to overcome this difficulty by utilizing efficient approximate methods to reproduce full ab initio solutions with good precision and quantified uncertainties. Following the major success of the Monte Carlo shell model<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> (MCSM) with an assumed inert core in the sd- and pf-shell regions and also by recent developments in the MCSM algorithm, the no-core MCSM is expected to be one of the most powerful tools to meet these conditions. We have performed benchmark calculations in the p-shell region. Results of energies are compared with those in the full configuration interaction and no-core full configuration methods. These are found to be consistent with each other within quoted uncertainties when they could be quantified. We also compare and discuss the radial density of the helium-4 ground state extracted from the MCSM and FCI many-body wave functions.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <span class="fa fa-book text-muted" aria-hidden="true"></span> Cited by 3<div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/454/1/012066" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="1567331" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >10.1088/1742-6596/454/1/012066</a></span></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink"><a class="misc fulltext-link " href="/servlets/purl/1567331" title="Link to document media" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-ostiid="1567331" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >Full Text Available</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="2" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/biblio/1423773-efficacy-su-scheme-ab-initio-large-scale-calculations-beyond-lightest-nuclei" itemprop="url">Efficacy of the SU(3) scheme for ab initio large-scale calculations beyond the lightest nuclei</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Journal Article</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Dytrych, T.</span> ; <span class="author">Maris, P.</span> ; <span class="author">Launey, K. D.</span> ; <span class="author">...</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"> - Computer Physics Communications</span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">We report on the computational characteristics of ab initio nuclear structure calculations in a symmetry-adapted no-core shell model (SA-NCSM) framework. We examine the computational complexity of the current implementation of the SA-NCSM approach, dubbed LSU3shell, by analyzing ab initio results for <sup>6</sup>Li and <sup>12</sup>C in large harmonic oscillator model spaces and SU3-selected subspaces. We demonstrate LSU3shell’s strong-scaling properties achieved with highly-parallel methods for computing the many-body matrix elements. Results compare favorably with complete model space calculations and significant memory savings are achieved in physically important applications. In particular, a well-chosen symmetry-adapted basis affords memory savings in calculations of states with<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> a fixed total angular momentum in large model spaces while exactly preserving translational invariance.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <span class="fa fa-book text-muted" aria-hidden="true"></span> Cited by 4<div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpc.2016.06.006" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="1423773" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >10.1016/j.cpc.2016.06.006</a></span></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink"><a class="misc fulltext-link " href="/servlets/purl/1423773" title="Link to document media" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-ostiid="1423773" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >Full Text Available</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="3" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/biblio/1567330-core-ci-calculations-light-nuclei-chiral-body-forces" itemprop="url">No Core CI calculations for light nuclei with chiral 2- and 3-body forces</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Journal Article</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Maris, Pieter</span> ; <span class="author">Aktulga, H. Metin</span> ; <span class="author">Binder, Sven</span> ; <span class="author">...</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"> - Journal of Physics. Conference Series (Online)</span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">The atomic nucleus is a self-bound system of strongly interacting nucleons. In No-Core Configuration Interaction calculations, the nuclear wavefunction is expanded in Slater determinants of single-nucleon wavefunctions (Configurations), and the many-body Schrödinger equation becomes a large sparse matrix problem. The challenge is to reach numerical convergence to within quantified numerical uncertainties for physical observables using finite truncations of the infinite-dimensional basis space. We discuss strategies for constructing and solving the resulting large sparse matrices for a set of low-lying eigenvalues and eigenvectors on current multicore computer architectures. Several of these strategies have been implemented in the code MFDn, a hybrid<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> MPI/OpenMP Fortran code for ab initio nuclear structure calculations that scales well to over 200,000 cores. We discuss how the similarity renormalization group can be used to improve the numerical convergence. We present results for excitation energies and other selected observables for <sup>8</sup>Be and <sup>12</sup>C using realistic 2- and 3-body forces obtained from chiral perturbation theory. Finally, we demonstrate that collective phenomena such as rotational band structures can emerge from these microscopic calculations.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <span class="fa fa-book text-muted" aria-hidden="true"></span> Cited by 10<div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/454/1/012063" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="1567330" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >10.1088/1742-6596/454/1/012063</a></span></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink"><a class="misc fulltext-link " href="/servlets/purl/1567330" title="Link to document media" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-ostiid="1567330" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >Full Text Available</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="4" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/biblio/1565055-properties-trapped-neutrons-interacting-realistic-nuclear-hamiltonians" itemprop="url">Properties of trapped neutrons interacting with realistic nuclear Hamiltonians</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Journal Article</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Maris, Pieter</span> ; <span class="author">Vary, James P.</span> ; <span class="author">Gandolfi, S.</span> ; <span class="author">...</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"> - Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics</span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">We calculate properties of neutron drops in external potentials using both quantum Monte Carlo and no-core full configuration techniques. The properties of the external wells are varied to examine different density profiles. We compare neutron drop results given by a selection of nuclear Hamiltonians, including realistic two-body interactions as well as several three-body forces. We compute a range of properties for the neutron drops: ground-state energies, spin-orbit splittings, excitation energies, radial densities and rms radii. We compare the equations of state for neutron matter for several of these Hamiltonians. Our results can be used as benchmarks to test other many-body<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> techniques and to constrain properties of energy-density functionals.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevc.87.054318" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="1565055" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AC" >10.1103/physrevc.87.054318</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> </ul> </aside> </div> </section> </div> <div class="col-sm-3 order-sm-3"> <ul class="nav nav-stacked"> <li class="active"><a class="tab-nav disabled" data-tab="related" style="color: #636c72 !important; opacity: 1;"><span class="fa fa-angle-right"></span> Similar Records</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </section> </div></div> </div> </div> </section> <footer class="" style="background-color:#f9f9f9; /* padding-top: 0.5rem; */"> <div class="footer-minor"> <div class="container"> <hr class="footer-separator" /> <div class="text-center" style="margin-top:1.25rem;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal"> <ul class="pure-menu-list" id="footer-org-menu"> <li class="pure-menu-item d-block d-inline-small"> <a href="https://energy.gov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> <img src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" class="sprite sprite-footer-us-doe-min" alt="U.S. Department of Energy" /> </a> </li> <li class="pure-menu-item d-block d-inline-small"> <a href="https://www.energy.gov/science/office-science" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> <img src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" class="sprite sprite-footer-office-of-science-min" alt="Office of Science" /> </a> </li> <li class="pure-menu-item d-block d-inline-small"> <a href="/"> <img src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" class="sprite sprite-footer-osti-min" alt="Office of Scientific and Technical Information" /> </a> </li> </ul> </div> </div> <div class="text-center small" style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:2.0rem;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="/disclaim" class="pure-menu-link"><span class="fa fa-institution"></span> Website Policies <span class="d-none d-sm-inline" style="color:#737373;">/ Important Links</span></a></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="/contact" class="pure-menu-link"><span class="fa fa-comments-o"></span> Contact Us</a></li> <li class="d-block d-md-none mb-1"></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/ostigov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="pure-menu-link social"><span class="fa fa-facebook" style=""></span></a></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="https://twitter.com/OSTIgov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="pure-menu-link social"><span class="fa fa-twitter" style=""></span></a></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/ostigov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="pure-menu-link social"><span class="fa fa-youtube-play" style=""></span></a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> </div> </footer> <link href="/css/ostigov.fonts.191107.1502.css" rel="stylesheet"> <script src="/js/ostigov.191107.1502.js"></script><noscript></noscript> <script defer src="/js/ostigov.biblio.191107.1502.js"></script><noscript></noscript> <script defer src="/js/lity.js"></script><noscript></noscript> <script async type="text/javascript" src="/js/Universal-Federated-Analytics-Min.js?agency=DOE" id="_fed_an_ua_tag"></script><noscript></noscript> </body> <!-- OSTI.GOV v.191107.1502 --> </html>