skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Neutron stars are gold mines

Abstract

Not provided.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Albany, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1532964
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-87ER40317
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
International Journal of Modern Physics E
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 01n02; Journal ID: ISSN 0218-3013
Publisher:
World Scientific
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Physics

Citation Formats

Lattimer, James M. Neutron stars are gold mines. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1142/s0218301317400146.
Lattimer, James M. Neutron stars are gold mines. United States. doi:10.1142/s0218301317400146.
Lattimer, James M. Sun . "Neutron stars are gold mines". United States. doi:10.1142/s0218301317400146.
@article{osti_1532964,
title = {Neutron stars are gold mines},
author = {Lattimer, James M.},
abstractNote = {Not provided.},
doi = {10.1142/s0218301317400146},
journal = {International Journal of Modern Physics E},
issn = {0218-3013},
number = 01n02,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

Works referenced in this record:

A Massive Pulsar in a Compact Relativistic Binary
journal, April 2013


The Nuclear Equation of State and Neutron Star Masses
journal, November 2012


Constraining neutron-star tidal Love numbers with gravitational-wave detectors
journal, January 2008


Tests of General Relativity from Timing the Double Pulsar
journal, October 2006


On Massive Neutron Cores
journal, February 1939


Neutron Star Structure and the Equation of State
journal, March 2001

  • Lattimer, J. M.; Prakash, M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 550, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/319702

Upper Limits Set by Causality on the Rotation and Mass of Uniformly Rotating Relativistic Stars
journal, October 1997

  • Koranda, Scott; Stergioulas, Nikolaos; Friedman, John L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 488, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/304714

Neutron star observations: Prognosis for equation of state constraints
journal, April 2007


The equation of state of hot, dense matter and neutron stars
journal, March 2016


Constraints on the symmetry energy using the mass-radius relation of neutron stars
journal, February 2014


Volume and surface symmetry energy coefficients from photoabsorption cross sections
journal, May 1982


Complete Electric Dipole Response and the Neutron Skin in Pb 208
journal, August 2011


Density slope of the nuclear symmetry energy from the neutron skin thickness of heavy nuclei
journal, August 2010


<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2012-01-01">January 2012</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Warda, M.; Centelles, M.; Viñas, X.</span> </li> <li> Acta Physica Polonica B, Vol. 43, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.5506/APhysPolB.43.209" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.5506/APhysPolB.43.209<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/771/1/51" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Constraining the Symmetry Parameters of the Nuclear Interaction<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2013-06-13">June 2013</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Lattimer, James M.; Lim, Yeunhwan</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 771, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/771/1/51" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/0004-637X/771/1/51<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/722/1/33" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">The Equation of State from Observed Masses and Radii of Neutron Stars<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2010-09-15">September 2010</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Steiner, Andrew W.; Lattimer, James M.; Brown, Edward F.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 722, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/722/1/33" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/0004-637X/722/1/33<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.85.032801" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Maximum mass and radius of neutron stars, and the nuclear symmetry energy<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2012-03-01">March 2012</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Gandolfi, S.; Carlson, J.; Reddy, Sanjay</span> </li> <li> Physical Review C, Vol. 85, Issue 3</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.85.032801" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/PhysRevC.85.032801<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.161102" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Constraints on Neutron Star Radii Based on Chiral Effective Field Theory Interactions<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2010-10-01">October 2010</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Hebeler, K.; Lattimer, J. M.; Pethick, C. J.</span> </li> <li> Physical Review Letters, Vol. 105, Issue 16</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.161102" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.161102<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.11.005" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Symmetry energy II: Isobaric analog states<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2014-02-01">February 2014</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Danielewicz, Pawel; Lee, Jenny</span> </li> <li> Nuclear Physics A, Vol. 922</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.11.005" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.11.005<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.122701" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Constraints on the Density Dependence of the Symmetry Energy<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2009-03-01">March 2009</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Tsang, M. B.; Zhang, Yingxun; Danielewicz, P.</span> </li> <li> Physical Review Letters, Vol. 102, Issue 12</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.122701" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.122701<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.91.054311" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Toward order-by-order calculations of the nuclear and neutron matter equations of state in chiral effective field theory<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2015-05-01">May 2015</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Sammarruca, F.; Coraggio, L.; Holt, J. W.</span> </li> <li> Physical Review C, Vol. 91, Issue 5</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.91.054311" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/PhysRevC.91.054311<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/311578" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Crustal Heating and Quiescent Emission from Transiently Accreting Neutron Stars<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1998-09-10">September 1998</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Brown, Edward F.; Bildsten, Lars; Rutledge, Robert E.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 504, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/311578" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/311578<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3362" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Pulsar Constraints on Neutron Star Structure and Equation of State<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1999-10-01">October 1999</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Link, Bennett; Epstein, Richard I.; Lattimer, James M.</span> </li> <li> Physical Review Letters, Vol. 83, Issue 17</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3362" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3362<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/0375-9474(71)90281-8" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Neutron star matter<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1971-11-01">November 1971</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Baym, Gordon; Bethe, Hans A.; Pethick, Christopher J.</span> </li> <li> Nuclear Physics A, Vol. 175, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/0375-9474(71)90281-8" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1016/0375-9474(71)90281-8<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.79.124032" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Constraints on a phenomenologically parametrized neutron-star equation of state<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2009-06-01">June 2009</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Read, Jocelyn S.; Lackey, Benjamin D.; Owen, Benjamin J.</span> </li> <li> Physical Review D, Vol. 79, Issue 12</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.79.124032" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/PhysRevD.79.124032<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1140/epja/i2016-16018-1" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Neutron star radii, universal relations, and the role of prior distributions<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2016-02-01">February 2016</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Steiner, A. W.; Lattimer, J. M.; Brown, E. F.</span> </li> <li> The European Physical Journal A, Vol. 52, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1140/epja/i2016-16018-1" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1140/epja/i2016-16018-1<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1090720" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">The Physics of Neutron Stars<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2004-04-23">April 2004</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Lattimer, J. M.</span> </li> <li> Science, Vol. 304, Issue 5670</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1090720" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1126/science.1090720<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200811605" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Keplerian frequency of uniformly rotating neutron stars and strange stars<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2009-06-22">June 2009</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Haensel, P.; Zdunik, J. L.; Bejger, M.</span> </li> <li> Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol. 502, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200811605" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1051/0004-6361/200811605<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/161332" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Implications of the millisecond pulsar for neutron star models<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1983-09-01">September 1983</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Shapiro, S. L.; Teukolsky, S. A.; Wasserman, I.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 272</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/161332" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/161332<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/340451a0" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Testing nuclear theory using the 0.5 ms pulsar<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1989-08-01">August 1989</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Shapiro, Stuart L.; Teukolsky, Saul A.; Wasserman, Ira</span> </li> <li> Nature, Vol. 340, Issue 6233</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/340451a0" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1038/340451a0<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/164405" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">The birth of neutron stars<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1986-08-01">August 1986</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Burrows, A.; Lattimer, J. M.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 307</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/164405" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/164405<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/167404" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Analysis of the neutrino events from supernova 1987A<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1989-05-01">May 1989</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Lattimer, James M.; Yahil, A.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 340</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/167404" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/167404<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.12.329" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Gravitational two-body problem with arbitrary masses, spins, and quadrupole moments<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1975-07-01">July 1975</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Barker, B. M.; O'Connell, R. F.</span> </li> <li> Physical Review D, Vol. 12, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.12.329" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/PhysRevD.12.329<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02828697" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Higher-order relativistic periastron advances and binary pulsars<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1988-02-01">February 1988</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Damour, T.; Schäeer, G.</span> </li> <li> Il Nuovo Cimento B, Vol. 101, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02828697" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1007/BF02828697<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/149400" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Slowly Rotating Relativistic Stars. I. Equations of Structure<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1967-12-01">December 1967</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Hartle, James B.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 150</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/149400" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/149400<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/431543" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Constraining the Equation of State with Moment of Inertia Measurements<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2005-08-20">August 2005</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Lattimer, James M.; Schutz, Bernard F.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 629, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/431543" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/431543<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.82.024016" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Tidal Love numbers of neutron and self-bound quark stars<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2010-07-01">July 2010</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Postnikov, Sergey; Prakash, Madappa; Lattimer, James M.</span> </li> <li> Physical Review D, Vol. 82, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.82.024016" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/PhysRevD.82.024016<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.88.023009" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">I-Love-Q relations in neutron stars and their applications to astrophysics, gravitational waves, and fundamental physics<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2013-07-01">July 2013</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Yagi, Kent; Yunes, Nicolás</span> </li> <li> Physical Review D, Vol. 88, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.88.023009" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/PhysRevD.88.023009<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.89.064048" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Parameter estimation of gravitational waves from nonprecessing black hole-neutron star inspirals with higher harmonics: Comparing Markov-chain Monte Carlo posteriors to an effective Fisher matrix<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2014-03-01">March 2014</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> O’Shaughnessy, Richard; Farr, Ben; Ochsner, Evan</span> </li> <li> Physical Review D, Vol. 89, Issue 6</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.89.064048" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/PhysRevD.89.064048<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/784/2/119" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Basic Parameter Estimation of Binary Neutron star Systems by the Advanced Ligo/Virgo Network<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2014-03-12">March 2014</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Rodriguez, Carl L.; Farr, Benjamin; Raymond, Vivien</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 784, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/784/2/119" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/0004-637X/784/2/119<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/157535" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Possible observational constraints on the mass-radius relation of neutron stars<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1979-12-01">December 1979</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> van Paradijs, J.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 234</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/157535" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/157535<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/820/1/28" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">The Dense Matter Equation of State from Neutron star Radius and mass Measurements<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2016-03-15">March 2016</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Özel, Feryal; Psaltis, Dimitrios; Güver, Tolga</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 820, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/820/1/28" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.3847/0004-637X/820/1/28<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201527416" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Equation of state constraints for the cold dense matter inside neutron stars using the cooling tail method<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2016-06-06">June 2016</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Nättilä, J.; Steiner, A. W.; Kajava, J. J. E.</span> </li> <li> Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol. 591</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201527416" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1051/0004-6361/201527416<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/306990" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">The Thermal X‐Ray Spectra of Centaurus X‐4, Aquila X‐1 , and 4U 1608‐522 in Quiescence<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1999-04-01">April 1999</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Rutledge, Robert E.; Bildsten, Lars; Brown, Edward F.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 514, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/306990" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/306990<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/177059" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Model Atmospheres for Low-Field Neutron Stars<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1996-04-01">April 1996</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Rajagopal, Mohan; Romani, Roger W.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 461</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/177059" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/177059<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/503701" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">A Hydrogen Atmosphere Spectral Model Applied to the Neutron Star X7 in the Globular Cluster 47 Tucanae<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2006-06-20">June 2006</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Heinke, Craig O.; Rybicki, George B.; Narayan, Ramesh</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 644, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/503701" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/503701<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/522877" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Constraining the Equation of State of Supranuclear Dense Matter from <em>XMM‐Newton</em> Observations of Neutron Stars in Globular Clusters<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2007-12-10">December 2007</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Webb, Natalie A.; Barret, Didier</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 671, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/522877" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/522877<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/772/1/7" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Measurement of the Radius of Neutron Stars with high Signal-To-Noise Quiescent Low-Mass X-Ray Binaries in Globular Clusters<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2013-06-27">June 2013</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Guillot, Sebastien; Servillat, Mathieu; Webb, Natalie A.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 772, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/772/1/7" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/0004-637X/772/1/7<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/765/1/L5" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">The Neutron star Mass-Radius Relation and the Equation of State of Dense Matter<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2013-02-12">February 2013</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Steiner, Andrew W.; Lattimer, James M.; Brown, Edward F.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 765, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/765/1/L5" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/2041-8205/765/1/L5<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu1449" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Improved mass and radius constraints for quiescent neutron stars in ω Cen and NGC 6397<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2014-08-16">August 2014</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Heinke, C. O.; Cohn, H. N.; Lugger, P. M.</span> </li> <li> Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 444, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu1449" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1093/mnras/stu1449<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-011-9237-2" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">The Large Observatory for X-ray Timing (LOFT)<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2011-08-02">August 2011</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Feroci, M.; Stella, L.; van der Klis, M.</span> </li> <li> Experimental Astronomy, Vol. 34, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-011-9237-2" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1007/s10686-011-9237-2<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/311007" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Mass-to-Radius Ratio for the Millisecond Pulsar J0437−4715<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1997-11-20">November 1997</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Pavlov, G. G.; Zavlin, V. E.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 490, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/311007" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/311007<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003.06773.x" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">On the nature of the X-ray emission from the accreting millisecond pulsar SAX J1808.4-3658<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2003-08-21">August 2003</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Poutanen, J.; Gierlinski, M.</span> </li> <li> Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 343, Issue 4</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003.06773.x" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003.06773.x<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/520793" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Constraints on Neutron Star Properties from X‐Ray Observations of Millisecond Pulsars<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2007-11-20">November 2007</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Bogdanov, Slavko; Rybicki, George B.; Grindlay, Jonathan E.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 670, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/520793" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/520793<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/523794" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Limits on Mass and Radius for the Millisecond‐Period X‐Ray Pulsar SAX J1808.4−3658<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2008-01-10">January 2008</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Leahy, Denis A.; Morsink, Sharon M.; Cadeau, Coire</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 672, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/523794" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/523794<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/310880" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">363 H[CLC]z[/CLC] Oscillations during the Rising Phase of Bursts from 4U 1728−34: Evidence for Rotational Modulation<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1997-09-20">September 1997</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Strohmayer, Tod E.; Zhang, William; Swank, Jean H.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 487, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/310880" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/310880<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/311335" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Bounds on the Compactness of Neutron Stars from Brightness Oscillations during X-Ray Bursts<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1998-05-20">May 1998</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Miller, M. Coleman; Lamb, Frederick K.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 499, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/311335" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/311335<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/787/2/136" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Prospects for Measuring Neutron-Star Masses and Radii with X-Ray Pulse Profile Modeling<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2014-05-13">May 2014</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Psaltis, Dimitrios; Özel, Feryal; Chakrabarty, Deepto</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 787, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/787/2/136" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/0004-637X/787/2/136<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/808/1/31" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Determining Neutron star Properties by Fitting Oblate-Star Waveform Models to X-Ray Burst Oscillations<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2015-07-16">July 2015</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Miller, M. Coleman; Lamb, Frederick K.</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 808, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/808/1/31" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/0004-637X/808/1/31<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/518648" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">The Oblate Schwarzschild Approximation for Light Curves of Rapidly Rotating Neutron Stars<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2007-07-10">July 2007</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Morsink, Sharon M.; Leahy, Denis A.; Cadeau, Coire</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 663, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/518648" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1086/518648<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/777/1/68" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Relations Between Neutron-Star Parameters in the Hartle-Thorne Approximation<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2013-10-17">October 2013</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#7cb342;"> Bauböck, Michi; Berti, Emanuele; Psaltis, Dimitrios</span> </li> <li> The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 777, Issue 1</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/777/1/68" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/0004-637X/777/1/68<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> </div> <div class="pagination-container small"> <a class="pure-button prev page" href="#" rel="prev"><span class="fa fa-angle-left"></span></a><ul class="pagination d-inline-block" style="padding-left:.2em;"></ul><a class="pure-button next page" href="#" rel="next"><span class="fa fa-angle-right"></span></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="col-sm-3 order-sm-3"> <ul class="nav nav-stacked"> <li class="active"><a href="" class="reference-type-filter tab-nav" data-tab="biblio-references" data-filter="type" data-pattern="*"><span class="fa fa-angle-right"></span> All References</a></li> <li class="small" style="margin-left:.75em; text-transform:capitalize;"><a href="" class="reference-type-filter tab-nav" data-tab="biblio-references" data-filter="type" data-pattern="journal"><span class="fa fa-angle-right"></span> journal<small class="text-muted"> (61)</small></a></li> </ul> <div style="margin-top:2em;"> <form class="pure-form small text-muted reference-search"> <label for="reference-search-text" class="sr-only">Search</label> <input class="search form-control pure-input-1" id="reference-search-text" placeholder="Search" style="margin-bottom:10px;" /> <fieldset> <div style="margin-left:1em; font-weight:normal; line-height: 1.6em;"><input type="radio" class="sort" name="references-sort" data-sort="name" style="position:relative;top:2px;" id="reference-search-sort-name"><label for="reference-search-sort-name" style="margin-left: .3em;">Sort by title</label></div> <div style="margin-left:1em; font-weight:normal; line-height: 1.6em;"><input type="radio" class="sort" name="references-sort" data-sort="date" data-order="desc" style="position:relative;top:2px;" id="reference-search-sort-date"><label for="reference-search-sort-date" style="margin-left: .3em;">Sort by date</label></div> </fieldset> <div class="text-left" style="margin-left:1em;"> <a href="" class="filter-clear clearfix" title="Clear filter / sort" style="font-weight:normal; float:none;">[ × clear filter / sort ]</a> </div> </form> </div> </div> </div> </section> <section id="biblio-related" class="tab-content tab-content-sec " data-tab="biblio"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-9 order-sm-9"> <section id="biblio-similar" class="tab-content tab-content-sec active" data-tab="related"> <div class="padding"> <p class="lead text-muted" style="font-size: 18px; margin-top:0px;">Similar records in OSTI.GOV collections:</p> <aside> <ul class="item-list" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ItemList" style="padding-left:0; list-style-type: none;"> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="0" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/biblio/1484643-tidal-deformabilities-radii-neutron-stars-from-observation-gw170817" itemprop="url">Tidal Deformabilities and Radii of Neutron Stars from the Observation of GW170817</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Journal Article</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">De, Soumi</span> ; <span class="author">Finstad, Daniel</span> ; <span class="author">Lattimer, James</span> ; <span class="author">...</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"> - Physical Review Letters</span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">In this study, we use gravitational-wave observations of the binary neutron star merger GW170817 to explore the tidal deformabilities and radii of neutron stars. We perform a Bayesian parameter estimation with the source location and distance informed by electromagnetic observations. We also assume that the two stars have the same equation of state; we demonstrate that, for stars with masses comparable to the component masses of GW170817, this is effectively implemented by assuming that the stars’ dimensionless tidal deformabilities are determined by the binary’s mass ratio q by Λ <sub>1</sub>/Λ <sub>2</sub> = q <sup>6</sup>. We investigate different choices of prior on the component masses of the neutron stars. We find that the tidal deformability and 90% credible interval is ˜Λ = 222<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> $$+420\atop{-138}$$ for a uniform component mass prior, ˜Λ = 245$$+453\atop{-151}$$ for a component mass prior informed by radio observations of Galactic double neutron stars, and ˜Λ = 233$$+448\atop{-144}$$ for a component mass prior informed by radio pulsars. We find a robust measurement of the common areal radius of the neutron stars across all mass priors of 8.9 ≤ $$\hat{R}$$ ≤ 13.2 km , with a mean value of <$$\hat{R}$$> = 10.8 km . Finally, our results are the first measurement of tidal deformability with a physical constraint on the star’s equation of state and place the first lower bounds on the deformability and areal radii of neutron stars using gravitational waves.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <span class="fa fa-book text-muted" aria-hidden="true"></span> Cited by 87<div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.091102" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="1484643" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.091102</a></span></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink"><a class="misc fulltext-link " href="/servlets/purl/1484643" title="Link to document media" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-ostiid="1484643" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >Full Text Available</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="1" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/biblio/5733011-effects-equation-state-neutron-stars-stellar-collapse" itemprop="url">Effects of the equation of state in neutron stars and in stellar collapse</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Conference</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Lattimer, J.M.</span> ; <span class="author">Burrows, A.</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"></span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">Some effects of the equation of state of dense matter on the structure of neutron stars and on gravitational collapse supernovae are discussed. We discuss which nuclear parameters are most important for the equation of state, and constraints on them that have been obtained from laboratory experiments. We than discuss how neutron stars and supernovae depend upon and, therefore, could constrain, these parameters. Some structural constraints on neutron stars are available from observations, but these cannot, at present, set limits on important nuclear parameters such as the bulk incompressibility parameter or the bulk symmetry energy. However, the mechanism of Type<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> 2, or gravitational collapse, supernovae depends crucially on these nuclear parameters and upon other aspects of the equation of the state. We examine the equation of state in the important regime just below nuclear density in which nuclei become deformed and undergo possible phase transitions to other shapes such as an inside-out bubble phase, and a phase transition to uniform nuclear matter. The pressure and adiabatic index in this density regime is sensitive chiefly to the incompressibility parameter of bulk nuclear matter. We show that supernova mechanism will also depend upon the effective neutrino-nucleus coherent scattering rate, which in turn is sensitive to the nuclear size and to ion-ion correlations. We present calculations of the coherent scattering rate and compare them to calculations that are used in other stellar collapse simulations.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="2" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/biblio/1537293-symmetry-parameter-constraints-from-lower-bound-neutron-matter-energy" itemprop="url">Symmetry Parameter Constraints from a Lower Bound on Neutron-matter Energy</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Journal Article</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Tews, Ingo</span> ; <span class="author">Lattimer, James M.</span> ; <span class="author">Ohnishi, Akira</span> ; <span class="author">...</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"> - The Astrophysical Journal (Online)</span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">We propose the existence of a lower bound on the energy of pure neutron matter (PNM) on the basis of unitary-gas considerations. We discuss its justification from experimental studies of cold atoms as well as from theoretical studies of neutron matter. We demonstrate that this bound results in limits to the density-dependent symmetry energy, which is the difference between the energies of symmetric nuclear matter and PNM. In particular, this bound leads to a lower limit to the volume symmetry energy parameter S 0. In addition, for assumed values of S 0 above this minimum, this bound implies both upper<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> and lower limits to the symmetry energy slope parameter L ,which describes the lowest-order density dependence of the symmetry energy. A lower bound on neutron-matter incompressibility is also obtained. These bounds are found to be consistent with both recent calculations of the energies of PNM and constraints from nuclear experiments. Our results are significant because several equations of state that are currently used in astrophysical simulations of supernovae and neutron star mergers, as well as in nuclear physics simulations of heavy-ion collisions, have symmetry energy parameters that violate these bounds. Furthermore, below the nuclear saturation density, the bound on neutron-matter energies leads to a lower limit to the density-dependent symmetry energy, which leads to upper limits to the nuclear surface symmetry parameter and the neutron-star crust–core boundary. We also obtain a lower limit to the neutron-skin thicknesses of neutron-rich nuclei. Above the nuclear saturation density, the bound on neutron-matter energies also leads to an upper limit to the symmetry energy, with implications for neutron-star cooling via the direct Urca process.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <span class="fa fa-book text-muted" aria-hidden="true"></span> Cited by 9<div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa8db9" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="1537293" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >10.3847/1538-4357/aa8db9</a></span></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink"><a class="misc fulltext-link " href="/servlets/purl/1537293" title="Link to document media" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-ostiid="1537293" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >Full Text Available</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="3" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/biblio/5262065-research-nuclear-astrophysics-stellar-collapse-supernovae" itemprop="url">Research in nuclear astrophysics: Stellar collapse and supernovae</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Technical Report</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Lattimer, J.M.</span> ; <span class="author">Yahil, A.</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"></span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">This progress report describes the nuclear astrophysics research activities in the Earth and Space Sciences Department at Stony Brook during the last year. Our research focused on three aspects of nuclear astrophysics: (1) the equation of state of hot, dense matter, (2) the origin of supernovae and neutron stars, (3) the early cooling epoch of neutron stars. The following contains detailed reports which summarize each completed project.</div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.2172/5262065" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="5262065" data-product-type="Technical Report" data-product-subtype="" >10.2172/5262065</a></span></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink"><a class="misc fulltext-link " href="/servlets/purl/5262065" title="Link to document media" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-ostiid="5262065" data-product-type="Technical Report" data-product-subtype="" >Full Text Available</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="4" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/biblio/10105802-research-nuclear-astrophysics-stellar-collapse-supernovae-continuation-progress-report-december-november" itemprop="url">Research in nuclear astrophysics: Stellar collapse and supernovae. Continuation progress report, December 1, 1994--November 30, 1995</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Technical Report</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Lattimer, J.M.</span> ; <span class="author">Yahil, A.</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"></span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">This progress report describes the nuclear astrophysics research activities in the Earth and Space Sciences Department at Stony Brook during the last year. The research focuses on three aspects of nuclear astrophysics: (1) the equation of state of hot, dense matter, (2) the origin of supernovae and neutron stars, (3) the early cooling epoch of neutron stars. Ongoing projects are first described individually, and are followed by a series of detailed reports, which summarize each project completed within the last year.</div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.2172/10105802" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="10105802" data-product-type="Technical Report" data-product-subtype="" >10.2172/10105802</a></span></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink"><a class="misc fulltext-link " href="/servlets/purl/10105802" title="Link to document media" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-ostiid="10105802" data-product-type="Technical Report" data-product-subtype="" >Full Text Available</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> </ul> </aside> </div> </section> </div> <div class="col-sm-3 order-sm-3"> <ul class="nav nav-stacked"> <li class="active"><a class="tab-nav disabled" data-tab="related" style="color: #636c72 !important; opacity: 1;"><span class="fa fa-angle-right"></span> Similar Records</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </section> </div></div> </div> </div> </section> <footer class="" style="background-color:#f9f9f9; /* padding-top: 0.5rem; */"> <div class="footer-minor"> <div class="container"> <hr class="footer-separator" /> <div class="text-center" style="margin-top:1.25rem;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal"> <ul class="pure-menu-list" id="footer-org-menu"> <li class="pure-menu-item d-block d-inline-small"> <a href="https://energy.gov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> <img src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" class="sprite sprite-footer-us-doe-min" alt="U.S. Department of Energy" /> </a> </li> <li class="pure-menu-item d-block d-inline-small"> <a href="https://www.energy.gov/science/office-science" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> <img src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" class="sprite sprite-footer-office-of-science-min" alt="Office of Science" /> </a> </li> <li class="pure-menu-item d-block d-inline-small"> <a href="/"> <img src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" class="sprite sprite-footer-osti-min" alt="Office of Scientific and Technical Information" /> </a> </li> </ul> </div> </div> <div class="text-center small" style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:2.0rem;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="/disclaim" class="pure-menu-link"><span class="fa fa-institution"></span> Website Policies <span class="d-none d-sm-inline" style="color:#737373;">/ Important Links</span></a></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="/contact" class="pure-menu-link"><span class="fa fa-comments-o"></span> Contact Us</a></li> <li class="d-block d-md-none mb-1"></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/ostigov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="pure-menu-link social"><span class="fa fa-facebook" style=""></span></a></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="https://twitter.com/OSTIgov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="pure-menu-link social"><span class="fa fa-twitter" style=""></span></a></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/ostigov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="pure-menu-link social"><span class="fa fa-youtube-play" style=""></span></a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> </div> </footer> <link href="/css/ostigov.fonts.191107.1502.css" rel="stylesheet"> <script src="/js/ostigov.191107.1502.js"></script><noscript></noscript> <script defer src="/js/ostigov.biblio.191107.1502.js"></script><noscript></noscript> <script defer src="/js/lity.js"></script><noscript></noscript> <script async type="text/javascript" src="/js/Universal-Federated-Analytics-Min.js?agency=DOE" id="_fed_an_ua_tag"></script><noscript></noscript> </body> <!-- OSTI.GOV v.191107.1502 --> </html>