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Title: Scoping Evaluation of Trace Isotopic Ratios within the Noble Metal-phase

Abstract

ORIGEN-ARP is used to simulate nine fuel types (six reactor classes) in a scoping study investigating potential isotopic indictors contained within the noble metal phase formed in used nuclear fuel. A concurrent effort compares predictions of these noble metal phase isotopic inventories to measured values in three approved testing materials (ATMs) of various burnups ranging from 28 – 70 MWd/kgM. The noble metal phase elements (Mo-Tc-Ru-Rh-Pd-Te) are chemically unreactive and remain undissolved following dissolution as a fine black residue. This characteristic is appealing for nuclear forensics or nuclear archeology, in which information is often sought regarding fuel burnup and reactor class in order to verify past operating declarations. Intra-element isotope ratio predictions that compare favorably to the chemical measurements of the three ATMs are plotted as a function of burnup to determine the feasibility to distinguish reactor class or burnup. This evaluation of intra-elemental isotope ratios specific to the noble metal phase provides a prospect to determine reactor class from remaining, undissolved solids following reprocessing. Results of predicted isotope ratios are reported that show promise as indicators at low burnups (<5 MWd/kgM) and are compared to the measurements at higher burnups for the three ATMs.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]
  1. Oregon State University
  2. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1532363
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-140608
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Progress in Nuclear Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Palmer, Camille, Gerez, Kyzer, Schwantes, Jon M., and Clark, Richard A. Scoping Evaluation of Trace Isotopic Ratios within the Noble Metal-phase. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.pnucene.2019.103059.
Palmer, Camille, Gerez, Kyzer, Schwantes, Jon M., & Clark, Richard A. Scoping Evaluation of Trace Isotopic Ratios within the Noble Metal-phase. United States. doi:10.1016/j.pnucene.2019.103059.
Palmer, Camille, Gerez, Kyzer, Schwantes, Jon M., and Clark, Richard A. Fri . "Scoping Evaluation of Trace Isotopic Ratios within the Noble Metal-phase". United States. doi:10.1016/j.pnucene.2019.103059.
@article{osti_1532363,
title = {Scoping Evaluation of Trace Isotopic Ratios within the Noble Metal-phase},
author = {Palmer, Camille and Gerez, Kyzer and Schwantes, Jon M. and Clark, Richard A.},
abstractNote = {ORIGEN-ARP is used to simulate nine fuel types (six reactor classes) in a scoping study investigating potential isotopic indictors contained within the noble metal phase formed in used nuclear fuel. A concurrent effort compares predictions of these noble metal phase isotopic inventories to measured values in three approved testing materials (ATMs) of various burnups ranging from 28 – 70 MWd/kgM. The noble metal phase elements (Mo-Tc-Ru-Rh-Pd-Te) are chemically unreactive and remain undissolved following dissolution as a fine black residue. This characteristic is appealing for nuclear forensics or nuclear archeology, in which information is often sought regarding fuel burnup and reactor class in order to verify past operating declarations. Intra-element isotope ratio predictions that compare favorably to the chemical measurements of the three ATMs are plotted as a function of burnup to determine the feasibility to distinguish reactor class or burnup. This evaluation of intra-elemental isotope ratios specific to the noble metal phase provides a prospect to determine reactor class from remaining, undissolved solids following reprocessing. Results of predicted isotope ratios are reported that show promise as indicators at low burnups (<5 MWd/kgM) and are compared to the measurements at higher burnups for the three ATMs.},
doi = {10.1016/j.pnucene.2019.103059},
journal = {Progress in Nuclear Energy},
number = ,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}