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Title: Criteria Air Pollutant and Greenhouse Gases Emissions from U.S. Refineries Allocated to Refinery Products

Abstract

Using Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program data (GHGRP) and National Emissions Inventory data from 2014, we investigate U.S. refinery greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (CO2, CH4, and N2O) and criteria air pollutant (CAP) emissions (VOC, CO, NOx, SO2, PM10, and PM2.5). The study derives (1) combustion emission factors (EFs) of refinery fuels (e.g., refinery catalyst coke and refinery combined gas), (2) U.S. refinery GHG emissions and CAP emissions per crude throughput at the national and regional levels, and (3) GHG and CAP emissions attributable to U.S. refinery products. The latter two emissions were further itemized by source: combustion emission, process emission, and facility-wide emission. We estimated U.S. refinery product GHG and CAP emissions via energy allocation at the refinery process unit level. The unit energy demand and unit flow information were adopted from the Petroleum Refinery Life Cycle Inventory Model (PRELIM version 1.1) by fitting individual U.S. refineries. This study fills an important information gap because it (1) evaluates refinery CAP emissions along with GHG emissions and (2) provides CAP and GHG emissions not only for refinery main products (gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, etc.) but also for refinery secondary products (asphalt, lubricant, wax, light olefins, etc.).

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) - Office of Fuel Cell Technologies (FCTO)
OSTI Identifier:
1531167
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 53; Journal Issue: 11
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
CAP emission; GHG emission; U.S. refineries; allocation; refinery products

Citation Formats

Sun, Pingping, Young, Ben, Elgowainy, Amgad, Lu, Zifeng, Wang, Michael, Morelli, Ben, and Howkins, Troy. Criteria Air Pollutant and Greenhouse Gases Emissions from U.S. Refineries Allocated to Refinery Products. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b05870.
Sun, Pingping, Young, Ben, Elgowainy, Amgad, Lu, Zifeng, Wang, Michael, Morelli, Ben, & Howkins, Troy. Criteria Air Pollutant and Greenhouse Gases Emissions from U.S. Refineries Allocated to Refinery Products. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b05870.
Sun, Pingping, Young, Ben, Elgowainy, Amgad, Lu, Zifeng, Wang, Michael, Morelli, Ben, and Howkins, Troy. Tue . "Criteria Air Pollutant and Greenhouse Gases Emissions from U.S. Refineries Allocated to Refinery Products". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b05870.
@article{osti_1531167,
title = {Criteria Air Pollutant and Greenhouse Gases Emissions from U.S. Refineries Allocated to Refinery Products},
author = {Sun, Pingping and Young, Ben and Elgowainy, Amgad and Lu, Zifeng and Wang, Michael and Morelli, Ben and Howkins, Troy},
abstractNote = {Using Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program data (GHGRP) and National Emissions Inventory data from 2014, we investigate U.S. refinery greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (CO2, CH4, and N2O) and criteria air pollutant (CAP) emissions (VOC, CO, NOx, SO2, PM10, and PM2.5). The study derives (1) combustion emission factors (EFs) of refinery fuels (e.g., refinery catalyst coke and refinery combined gas), (2) U.S. refinery GHG emissions and CAP emissions per crude throughput at the national and regional levels, and (3) GHG and CAP emissions attributable to U.S. refinery products. The latter two emissions were further itemized by source: combustion emission, process emission, and facility-wide emission. We estimated U.S. refinery product GHG and CAP emissions via energy allocation at the refinery process unit level. The unit energy demand and unit flow information were adopted from the Petroleum Refinery Life Cycle Inventory Model (PRELIM version 1.1) by fitting individual U.S. refineries. This study fills an important information gap because it (1) evaluates refinery CAP emissions along with GHG emissions and (2) provides CAP and GHG emissions not only for refinery main products (gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, etc.) but also for refinery secondary products (asphalt, lubricant, wax, light olefins, etc.).},
doi = {10.1021/acs.est.8b05870},
journal = {Environmental Science and Technology},
number = 11,
volume = 53,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}