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Title: Hybrid Systems to Enable High Penetration PV

Abstract

A model for PV plus energy storage and fuel cells was developed in the System Advisor Model (SAM). This model was used to evaluate the ramp rate and interconnection capacity factor for a hypothetical utility-scale plant for several configuration options. For PV only, the plant experienced 3345 violations of a 10%/minute ramp up limitation and a interconnection capacity factor of 17.6%. Adding a battery reduced the violations to 154 per year and the magnitude of the average violation to 2%. Adding a fuel cell to the PV system increased the capacity factor to 78% without improving ramp violations. Using a combined PV plus storage plus fuel cell arrangement maintained the improved capacity factor while reducing ramp up violations to 23, illustrating the potential to operate a hybrid system both to enable grid integration requirements and increase utilization of the interconnection.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Southern Company
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1530709
Report Number(s):
NREL/PO-6A20-74005
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at the IEEE 46th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC), 16-21 June 2019, Chicago, Illinois
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; photovoltaic; PV; solar; hybrid; SAM; fuel cell; storage

Citation Formats

DiOrio, Nicholas A, Janzou, Steven, Nguyen, Kim A., Hobbs, William B., and Ajala, Olugbenga. Hybrid Systems to Enable High Penetration PV. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
DiOrio, Nicholas A, Janzou, Steven, Nguyen, Kim A., Hobbs, William B., & Ajala, Olugbenga. Hybrid Systems to Enable High Penetration PV. United States.
DiOrio, Nicholas A, Janzou, Steven, Nguyen, Kim A., Hobbs, William B., and Ajala, Olugbenga. Tue . "Hybrid Systems to Enable High Penetration PV". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1530709.
@article{osti_1530709,
title = {Hybrid Systems to Enable High Penetration PV},
author = {DiOrio, Nicholas A and Janzou, Steven and Nguyen, Kim A. and Hobbs, William B. and Ajala, Olugbenga},
abstractNote = {A model for PV plus energy storage and fuel cells was developed in the System Advisor Model (SAM). This model was used to evaluate the ramp rate and interconnection capacity factor for a hypothetical utility-scale plant for several configuration options. For PV only, the plant experienced 3345 violations of a 10%/minute ramp up limitation and a interconnection capacity factor of 17.6%. Adding a battery reduced the violations to 154 per year and the magnitude of the average violation to 2%. Adding a fuel cell to the PV system increased the capacity factor to 78% without improving ramp violations. Using a combined PV plus storage plus fuel cell arrangement maintained the improved capacity factor while reducing ramp up violations to 23, illustrating the potential to operate a hybrid system both to enable grid integration requirements and increase utilization of the interconnection.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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