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Title: The Potential for Battery Energy Storage to Provide Peaking Capacity in the United States

Abstract

Providing peaking capacity could be a significant U.S. market for energy storage. Of particular focus are batteries with 4-hour duration due to rules in several regions along with these batteries potential to achieve life-cycle cost parity with combustion turbines compared to longer-duration batteries. However, whether 4-hour energy storage can provide peak capacity depends largely on the shape of electricity demand and under historical grid conditions, beyond about 28 GW nationally, the ability of 4-hour batteries to provide peak capacity begins to fall. We find that the addition of renewable generation can significantly increase storage potential by changing the shape of net demand patterns; for example, beyond about 10% penetration of solar photovoltaics, the national practical potential for 4-hour storage to provide peak capacity doubles. The impact of wind generation is less clear and likely requires more detailed study considering the exchange of wind power across multiple regions.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1530173
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-6A20-74184
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; energy storage; capacity credit; peaking capacity; WMA

Citation Formats

Denholm, Paul L, Nunemaker, Jacob, Cole, Wesley J, and Gagnon, Pieter J. The Potential for Battery Energy Storage to Provide Peaking Capacity in the United States. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1530173.
Denholm, Paul L, Nunemaker, Jacob, Cole, Wesley J, & Gagnon, Pieter J. The Potential for Battery Energy Storage to Provide Peaking Capacity in the United States. United States. doi:10.2172/1530173.
Denholm, Paul L, Nunemaker, Jacob, Cole, Wesley J, and Gagnon, Pieter J. Mon . "The Potential for Battery Energy Storage to Provide Peaking Capacity in the United States". United States. doi:10.2172/1530173. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1530173.
@article{osti_1530173,
title = {The Potential for Battery Energy Storage to Provide Peaking Capacity in the United States},
author = {Denholm, Paul L and Nunemaker, Jacob and Cole, Wesley J and Gagnon, Pieter J},
abstractNote = {Providing peaking capacity could be a significant U.S. market for energy storage. Of particular focus are batteries with 4-hour duration due to rules in several regions along with these batteries potential to achieve life-cycle cost parity with combustion turbines compared to longer-duration batteries. However, whether 4-hour energy storage can provide peak capacity depends largely on the shape of electricity demand and under historical grid conditions, beyond about 28 GW nationally, the ability of 4-hour batteries to provide peak capacity begins to fall. We find that the addition of renewable generation can significantly increase storage potential by changing the shape of net demand patterns; for example, beyond about 10% penetration of solar photovoltaics, the national practical potential for 4-hour storage to provide peak capacity doubles. The impact of wind generation is less clear and likely requires more detailed study considering the exchange of wind power across multiple regions.},
doi = {10.2172/1530173},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Technical Report:

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