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Title: Extreme Fast Charging of Lithium-Ion Battery: Understanding Bottlenecks and Safety Issues

Abstract

Currently, graphite-based lithium-ion battery (LIB) packs in the electric vehicle (EV) domain can accommodate a charging rate up to 2C, which translates into a 0.5 to 1h recharge time [1-2]. Reducing the recharge time down to 10-15 min range would reduce the gap between the internal combustion engine’s refueling time and EV’s recharge time. Minimizing this gap is seen as attractive to consumers and would eventually enhance the adoption of EVs [1-3]. Significant research activity has been going on globally to understand the scientific limitations associated with high rate charging [4-6]. Extreme fast charging (XFC) of Li-ion batteries can create LIB life and safety issues [1, 7]. Among the issues are shortened battery life and enhanced safety concerns due to potential short creation by Li dendrites [1-2]. The detection and monitoring of Li plating onset and evolution over aging is a significant challenge. In-operando detection schemes to understand the dynamics of Li plating and the role that aging has on Li plating are vital to enable fast charging of specific energy cells. A key to the effort would be understanding the interplay between materials, electrode structure, and use conditions. This presentation will discuss the key bottlenecks of aggressive fast chargingmore » (~10 min). In particular, how extreme fast charging impacts individual battery components as well as the overall battery’s performance, life, and safety will be presented in light of experimental results and analysis. The effectiveness and challenges of in-operando electrochemical detection methods in aggressive charging conditions shall also be discussed. References [1] S. Ahmed, I. Bloom, A. N. Jansen, T. R. Tanim, E. J. Dufek, A. Pesaran, A. Burnham, R. B. Carlson, F. Dias, K. Hardy,M. Keyser, C. Kreuzer, A. Markel, A. Meintz, C. Michelbacher, M. Mohanpurkar, P. A. Nelson, D. C. Robertson, D. Scoffield,M. Shirk, T. Stephens, R. Vijayagopal, J. Zhang, Enabling fast charging–A battery technology gap assessment, J Power Sources,367 (2017), 250-262 [2] T.R. Tanim, M. G. Shirk, R. L. Bewley, E. J. Dufek, B. Y. Liaw, Fast charge implications: Pack and cell analysis and comparison,, J Power Sources, 381 (2018) 56-65 [3] N. Lutsey, S. Searle, S. Chambliss, and A. Bandivadekar, Assessment of leading electric vehicle promotion activities inUnited States cities, International Council on Clean Transportation, July 2015 [4] C. Michelbacher, S. Ahmed, I. Bloom, A. Burnham, B. Carlson, F. Dias, E. J. Dufek, A. N Jansen, M. Keyser, A. Markel,A. Meintz, M. Mohanpurkar, A. Pesaran, D. Scoffield, M. Shirk, T. Stephens, T. R. Tanim, R. Vijayagopal, J. Zhang, Enablingfast charging–Introduction and overview, J Power Sources, [5] E-Mobility: New Possibilities with 800-volt charging, Porsche newsroom, https://newsroom.porsche.com/en/technology/porsche-engineering-e-power-electromobility-800-volt-charging-12720.html(accessed Sep 2017) [6] Charging interface initiative e.V. - Industry statement on future charging infrastructure, available at: http://www.charinev.org/fileadmin/Downloads/Papers_and_Regulations/CharIN_industry_statement.pdf(accessed June 2017) [7] T. Waldmann, B. Hogg,M. Kasper, S. Grolleau, C. Couceiro, K. Trad, B. P. Matadi and M. Wohlfahrt-Mehrens, Interplay ofOperational Parameters on Lithium Deposition in Lithium-Ion Cells: Systematic Measurements with Reconstructed 3-ElectrodePouch Full Cells, J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (7) (2016) A1232-A1238« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Idaho National Laboratory
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
The Electrochemical Society
OSTI Identifier:
1529901
Report Number(s):
INL/CON-19-54056-Rev000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 235th ECS Meeting, Dallas, TX, 05/26/2019 - 05/31/2019
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
25 - ENERGY STORAGE; Lithium ion battery; Extreme Fast Charging

Citation Formats

Tanim, Tanvir R, Dufek, Eric J, Evans, Michael C, Dickerson, Charles C, Jackman, Ryan T, and Liaw, Boryann. Extreme Fast Charging of Lithium-Ion Battery: Understanding Bottlenecks and Safety Issues. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web.
Tanim, Tanvir R, Dufek, Eric J, Evans, Michael C, Dickerson, Charles C, Jackman, Ryan T, & Liaw, Boryann. Extreme Fast Charging of Lithium-Ion Battery: Understanding Bottlenecks and Safety Issues. United Kingdom.
Tanim, Tanvir R, Dufek, Eric J, Evans, Michael C, Dickerson, Charles C, Jackman, Ryan T, and Liaw, Boryann. Wed . "Extreme Fast Charging of Lithium-Ion Battery: Understanding Bottlenecks and Safety Issues". United Kingdom. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1529901.
@article{osti_1529901,
title = {Extreme Fast Charging of Lithium-Ion Battery: Understanding Bottlenecks and Safety Issues},
author = {Tanim, Tanvir R and Dufek, Eric J and Evans, Michael C and Dickerson, Charles C and Jackman, Ryan T and Liaw, Boryann},
abstractNote = {Currently, graphite-based lithium-ion battery (LIB) packs in the electric vehicle (EV) domain can accommodate a charging rate up to 2C, which translates into a 0.5 to 1h recharge time [1-2]. Reducing the recharge time down to 10-15 min range would reduce the gap between the internal combustion engine’s refueling time and EV’s recharge time. Minimizing this gap is seen as attractive to consumers and would eventually enhance the adoption of EVs [1-3]. Significant research activity has been going on globally to understand the scientific limitations associated with high rate charging [4-6]. Extreme fast charging (XFC) of Li-ion batteries can create LIB life and safety issues [1, 7]. Among the issues are shortened battery life and enhanced safety concerns due to potential short creation by Li dendrites [1-2]. The detection and monitoring of Li plating onset and evolution over aging is a significant challenge. In-operando detection schemes to understand the dynamics of Li plating and the role that aging has on Li plating are vital to enable fast charging of specific energy cells. A key to the effort would be understanding the interplay between materials, electrode structure, and use conditions. This presentation will discuss the key bottlenecks of aggressive fast charging (~10 min). In particular, how extreme fast charging impacts individual battery components as well as the overall battery’s performance, life, and safety will be presented in light of experimental results and analysis. The effectiveness and challenges of in-operando electrochemical detection methods in aggressive charging conditions shall also be discussed. References [1] S. Ahmed, I. Bloom, A. N. Jansen, T. R. Tanim, E. J. Dufek, A. Pesaran, A. Burnham, R. B. Carlson, F. Dias, K. Hardy,M. Keyser, C. Kreuzer, A. Markel, A. Meintz, C. Michelbacher, M. Mohanpurkar, P. A. Nelson, D. C. Robertson, D. Scoffield,M. Shirk, T. Stephens, R. Vijayagopal, J. Zhang, Enabling fast charging–A battery technology gap assessment, J Power Sources,367 (2017), 250-262 [2] T.R. Tanim, M. G. Shirk, R. L. Bewley, E. J. Dufek, B. Y. Liaw, Fast charge implications: Pack and cell analysis and comparison,, J Power Sources, 381 (2018) 56-65 [3] N. Lutsey, S. Searle, S. Chambliss, and A. Bandivadekar, Assessment of leading electric vehicle promotion activities inUnited States cities, International Council on Clean Transportation, July 2015 [4] C. Michelbacher, S. Ahmed, I. Bloom, A. Burnham, B. Carlson, F. Dias, E. J. Dufek, A. N Jansen, M. Keyser, A. Markel,A. Meintz, M. Mohanpurkar, A. Pesaran, D. Scoffield, M. Shirk, T. Stephens, T. R. Tanim, R. Vijayagopal, J. Zhang, Enablingfast charging–Introduction and overview, J Power Sources, [5] E-Mobility: New Possibilities with 800-volt charging, Porsche newsroom, https://newsroom.porsche.com/en/technology/porsche-engineering-e-power-electromobility-800-volt-charging-12720.html(accessed Sep 2017) [6] Charging interface initiative e.V. - Industry statement on future charging infrastructure, available at: http://www.charinev.org/fileadmin/Downloads/Papers_and_Regulations/CharIN_industry_statement.pdf(accessed June 2017) [7] T. Waldmann, B. Hogg,M. Kasper, S. Grolleau, C. Couceiro, K. Trad, B. P. Matadi and M. Wohlfahrt-Mehrens, Interplay ofOperational Parameters on Lithium Deposition in Lithium-Ion Cells: Systematic Measurements with Reconstructed 3-ElectrodePouch Full Cells, J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (7) (2016) A1232-A1238},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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