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Title: Study of liquid metal surface wave damping in the presence of magnetic fields and electrical currents

Abstract

Experiments and predictions of surface wave damping in liquid metal due to a surface aligned magnetic field and externally regulated j × B force are presented. Fast-flowing, liquid-metal plasma facing components (LM-PFCs) are a proposed alternative to solid PFCs that are unable to handle the high heat flux, thermal stresses, and radiation damage in a tokamak. The significant technical challenges associated with LM-PFCs compared to solid PFCs are justified by greater heat flux management, self-healing properties, and reduced particle recycling. Furthermore, undesirable engineering challenges such as evaporation and splashing of the liquid metal introduce excessive impurities into the plasma and degrade plasma performance. Evaporation may be avoided through high-speed flow that limits temperature rise of the liquid metal by reducing heat flux exposure time, but as flow speed increases the surface may become more turbulent and prone to splashing and uneven surfaces. Wave damping is one mechanism that reduces surface disturbance and thus the chances of liquid metal impurity introduction into the plasma. Experiments on the Liquid Metal eXperiment Upgrade (LMX-U) examined damping under the influence of transverse magnetic fields and vertically directed Lorentz force.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1529725
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1558763
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-09CH11466
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Nuclear Materials and Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nuclear Materials and Energy Journal Volume: 19 Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2352-1791
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Liquid metal; Lorentz force; Surface waves

Citation Formats

Fisher, A. E., Hvasta, M. G., and Kolemen, E.. Study of liquid metal surface wave damping in the presence of magnetic fields and electrical currents. Netherlands: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nme.2019.02.014.
Fisher, A. E., Hvasta, M. G., & Kolemen, E.. Study of liquid metal surface wave damping in the presence of magnetic fields and electrical currents. Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nme.2019.02.014
Fisher, A. E., Hvasta, M. G., and Kolemen, E.. Wed . "Study of liquid metal surface wave damping in the presence of magnetic fields and electrical currents". Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nme.2019.02.014.
@article{osti_1529725,
title = {Study of liquid metal surface wave damping in the presence of magnetic fields and electrical currents},
author = {Fisher, A. E. and Hvasta, M. G. and Kolemen, E.},
abstractNote = {Experiments and predictions of surface wave damping in liquid metal due to a surface aligned magnetic field and externally regulated j × B force are presented. Fast-flowing, liquid-metal plasma facing components (LM-PFCs) are a proposed alternative to solid PFCs that are unable to handle the high heat flux, thermal stresses, and radiation damage in a tokamak. The significant technical challenges associated with LM-PFCs compared to solid PFCs are justified by greater heat flux management, self-healing properties, and reduced particle recycling. Furthermore, undesirable engineering challenges such as evaporation and splashing of the liquid metal introduce excessive impurities into the plasma and degrade plasma performance. Evaporation may be avoided through high-speed flow that limits temperature rise of the liquid metal by reducing heat flux exposure time, but as flow speed increases the surface may become more turbulent and prone to splashing and uneven surfaces. Wave damping is one mechanism that reduces surface disturbance and thus the chances of liquid metal impurity introduction into the plasma. Experiments on the Liquid Metal eXperiment Upgrade (LMX-U) examined damping under the influence of transverse magnetic fields and vertically directed Lorentz force.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nme.2019.02.014},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1529725}, journal = {Nuclear Materials and Energy},
issn = {2352-1791},
number = C,
volume = 19,
place = {Netherlands},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nme.2019.02.014

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
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Works referenced in this record:

Study of liquid metal surface wave damping in the presence of magnetic fields and electrical currents
dataset, January 2019


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Study of liquid metal surface wave damping in the presence of magnetic fields and electrical currents
    dataset, January 2019