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Title: Understanding Morphology and Proton Transport in Sulfonated Poly(Phenylenes).

Abstract

Cheap and efficient ion conducting separators are needed to improve efficiency and lifetime in fuel cells, batteries, and electrolyzers. Current state-of-the-art polymeric separators are made from Nafion, which is too expensive to be competitive with other technologies. Sandia has developed unique polymer separators that have lower cost and equivalent or superior ion transport compared to Nafion. These membranes consist of sulfonated Diels-Alder poly(phenylene) (SDAPP), a completely hydrocarbon polymer that conducts protons when hydrated. SDAPP membranes are thermally and chemically robust, with conductivities rivaling those of Nafion at high sulfonation levels. However, rational design of new separators requires molecular-level knowledge, currently unknown, of how polymer morphology affects transport. Here we describe the use of multiple computational and experimental techniques to understand the nanoscale morphology and water/proton transport properties in a series of sulfonated SDAPP membranes over a wide range of temperature, hydration, and sulfonation conditions.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1529590
Report Number(s):
SAND2018-10145
667722
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Frischknecht, Amalie Lucile, Sorte, Eric G., Alam, Todd M., Fujimoto, Cy, Abbott, Lauren J., Clark, Jennifer A., and Poirier, Cassandria Eloise. Understanding Morphology and Proton Transport in Sulfonated Poly(Phenylenes).. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.2172/1529590.
Frischknecht, Amalie Lucile, Sorte, Eric G., Alam, Todd M., Fujimoto, Cy, Abbott, Lauren J., Clark, Jennifer A., & Poirier, Cassandria Eloise. Understanding Morphology and Proton Transport in Sulfonated Poly(Phenylenes).. United States. doi:10.2172/1529590.
Frischknecht, Amalie Lucile, Sorte, Eric G., Alam, Todd M., Fujimoto, Cy, Abbott, Lauren J., Clark, Jennifer A., and Poirier, Cassandria Eloise. Sat . "Understanding Morphology and Proton Transport in Sulfonated Poly(Phenylenes).". United States. doi:10.2172/1529590. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1529590.
@article{osti_1529590,
title = {Understanding Morphology and Proton Transport in Sulfonated Poly(Phenylenes).},
author = {Frischknecht, Amalie Lucile and Sorte, Eric G. and Alam, Todd M. and Fujimoto, Cy and Abbott, Lauren J. and Clark, Jennifer A. and Poirier, Cassandria Eloise},
abstractNote = {Cheap and efficient ion conducting separators are needed to improve efficiency and lifetime in fuel cells, batteries, and electrolyzers. Current state-of-the-art polymeric separators are made from Nafion, which is too expensive to be competitive with other technologies. Sandia has developed unique polymer separators that have lower cost and equivalent or superior ion transport compared to Nafion. These membranes consist of sulfonated Diels-Alder poly(phenylene) (SDAPP), a completely hydrocarbon polymer that conducts protons when hydrated. SDAPP membranes are thermally and chemically robust, with conductivities rivaling those of Nafion at high sulfonation levels. However, rational design of new separators requires molecular-level knowledge, currently unknown, of how polymer morphology affects transport. Here we describe the use of multiple computational and experimental techniques to understand the nanoscale morphology and water/proton transport properties in a series of sulfonated SDAPP membranes over a wide range of temperature, hydration, and sulfonation conditions.},
doi = {10.2172/1529590},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}