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Title: DRILL Interface Makes Ion Soft Landing Broadly Accessible for Energy Science and Applications

Abstract

Polyoxometalates (POM) have been deposited onto carbon nanotube (CNT) electrodes using benchtop ion soft landing (SL) enabled by a vortex-confined electrohydrodynamic desolvation process. The device is based on the dry ion localization and locomotion (DRILL) mass spectrometry interface of Fedorov and co-workers. By adding electrospray emitters, heating the desolvation gas, and operating at high gas flow rates, it is possible to obtain stable ion currents up to -15 nA that are ideal for deposition. Coupled with ambient ion optics, this interface enables desolvated ions to be delivered to surfaces while excluding solvent and counterions. Electron microscopy of surfaces prepared using the device reveal discrete POM and no aggregation that degrades electrode performance. Characterization of POM-coated CNT electrodes in a supercapacitor showed an energy storage capacity similar to that achieved with SL in vacuum. For solutions that produce primarily a single ion by electrospray ionization, benchtop SL offers a simpler and less costly approach for surface modification with applications in catalysis, energy storage, and beyond.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [4]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  2. University of Liverpool
  3. PURDUE UNIVERSITY
  4. Georgia Institute of Technology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1525976
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-133831
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Batteries and Supercaps
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 3
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Johnson, Grant E., Prabhakaran, Venkateshkumar, Browning, Nigel D., Mehdi, B L., Laskin, Julia, Kottke, Peter A., and Fedorov, Andrei G. DRILL Interface Makes Ion Soft Landing Broadly Accessible for Energy Science and Applications. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/batt.201800042.
Johnson, Grant E., Prabhakaran, Venkateshkumar, Browning, Nigel D., Mehdi, B L., Laskin, Julia, Kottke, Peter A., & Fedorov, Andrei G. DRILL Interface Makes Ion Soft Landing Broadly Accessible for Energy Science and Applications. United States. doi:10.1002/batt.201800042.
Johnson, Grant E., Prabhakaran, Venkateshkumar, Browning, Nigel D., Mehdi, B L., Laskin, Julia, Kottke, Peter A., and Fedorov, Andrei G. Mon . "DRILL Interface Makes Ion Soft Landing Broadly Accessible for Energy Science and Applications". United States. doi:10.1002/batt.201800042.
@article{osti_1525976,
title = {DRILL Interface Makes Ion Soft Landing Broadly Accessible for Energy Science and Applications},
author = {Johnson, Grant E. and Prabhakaran, Venkateshkumar and Browning, Nigel D. and Mehdi, B L. and Laskin, Julia and Kottke, Peter A. and Fedorov, Andrei G.},
abstractNote = {Polyoxometalates (POM) have been deposited onto carbon nanotube (CNT) electrodes using benchtop ion soft landing (SL) enabled by a vortex-confined electrohydrodynamic desolvation process. The device is based on the dry ion localization and locomotion (DRILL) mass spectrometry interface of Fedorov and co-workers. By adding electrospray emitters, heating the desolvation gas, and operating at high gas flow rates, it is possible to obtain stable ion currents up to -15 nA that are ideal for deposition. Coupled with ambient ion optics, this interface enables desolvated ions to be delivered to surfaces while excluding solvent and counterions. Electron microscopy of surfaces prepared using the device reveal discrete POM and no aggregation that degrades electrode performance. Characterization of POM-coated CNT electrodes in a supercapacitor showed an energy storage capacity similar to that achieved with SL in vacuum. For solutions that produce primarily a single ion by electrospray ionization, benchtop SL offers a simpler and less costly approach for surface modification with applications in catalysis, energy storage, and beyond.},
doi = {10.1002/batt.201800042},
journal = {Batteries and Supercaps},
number = 3,
volume = 1,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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