skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: India 2030 Wind and Solar Integration Study: Interim Report

Abstract

India has established several targets for renewable energy capacity growth in the coming years, most notably the target of deploying 175 gigawatts (GW) of generation capacity from wind, solar, biomass, and small hydropower by 2022, and furthering that vision with India's Nationally Determined Contribution target of 40% renewable electricity capacity (including hydro) by 2030 (GOI 2015). Given the rapid and significant changes to India's power system to help meet these targets, the objective of this interim report is to understand the operational challenges for India's power grid in 2030. The primary contribution of this report is to establish a 2030 unit commitment and dispatch model of India's grid, with hourly temporal resolution, high spatial resolution of renewable energy resources, interstate transmission constraints, and unit-level generator characteristics. Annual simulations of 2030 operations demonstrate that a 22% annual penetration of wind and solar is manageable by India's grid. Most days in the year do not show signs of stress, and 99.97% of energy is served with the plans as presented. Average coal plant load factors are 70% for the year, up from relatively low plant load factors in recent years (Patel 2018). However, the results highlight specific challenges the grid may facemore » during a small number of high-demand periods, resulting in unserved energy. The drivers behind the unserved energy suggest that this could be avoided with better coordination in scheduling. This report is part of a broader set of analyses under the Energy Transitions Commission (ETC), which includes collaborations with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), Climate Policy Initiative (CPI), and a broad stakeholder community.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Children's Investment Fund Foundation; Hewlett Foundation
OSTI Identifier:
1524771
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-6A20-73854
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; India; renewables integration; solar; wind

Citation Formats

Palchak, Joseph D, Chernyakhovskiy, Ilya, Bowen, Thomas, and Narwade, Vinayak. India 2030 Wind and Solar Integration Study: Interim Report. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1524771.
Palchak, Joseph D, Chernyakhovskiy, Ilya, Bowen, Thomas, & Narwade, Vinayak. India 2030 Wind and Solar Integration Study: Interim Report. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1524771
Palchak, Joseph D, Chernyakhovskiy, Ilya, Bowen, Thomas, and Narwade, Vinayak. 2019. "India 2030 Wind and Solar Integration Study: Interim Report". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1524771. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1524771.
@article{osti_1524771,
title = {India 2030 Wind and Solar Integration Study: Interim Report},
author = {Palchak, Joseph D and Chernyakhovskiy, Ilya and Bowen, Thomas and Narwade, Vinayak},
abstractNote = {India has established several targets for renewable energy capacity growth in the coming years, most notably the target of deploying 175 gigawatts (GW) of generation capacity from wind, solar, biomass, and small hydropower by 2022, and furthering that vision with India's Nationally Determined Contribution target of 40% renewable electricity capacity (including hydro) by 2030 (GOI 2015). Given the rapid and significant changes to India's power system to help meet these targets, the objective of this interim report is to understand the operational challenges for India's power grid in 2030. The primary contribution of this report is to establish a 2030 unit commitment and dispatch model of India's grid, with hourly temporal resolution, high spatial resolution of renewable energy resources, interstate transmission constraints, and unit-level generator characteristics. Annual simulations of 2030 operations demonstrate that a 22% annual penetration of wind and solar is manageable by India's grid. Most days in the year do not show signs of stress, and 99.97% of energy is served with the plans as presented. Average coal plant load factors are 70% for the year, up from relatively low plant load factors in recent years (Patel 2018). However, the results highlight specific challenges the grid may face during a small number of high-demand periods, resulting in unserved energy. The drivers behind the unserved energy suggest that this could be avoided with better coordination in scheduling. This report is part of a broader set of analyses under the Energy Transitions Commission (ETC), which includes collaborations with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), Climate Policy Initiative (CPI), and a broad stakeholder community.},
doi = {10.2172/1524771},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1524771}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}