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Title: Natural, incidental, and engineered nanomaterials and their impacts on the Earth system

Abstract

Nanoparticles (NPs) are critical components in Earth’s complex (bio)geochemical system. They have been present since Earth’s origin. Life, from the earliest cells to modern humans, has evolved in intimate association with naturally occurring NPs. This synergy began to shift dramatically with human industrialization. Starting in the Anthropocene, incidental NPs (produced by human activity unintentionally) have been distributed worldwide in ever increasing quantities. In the last half century, engineered NPs are being produced in amounts large enough to make them a consequential nano-component of the planet. Due to major advances in experimental, computational, analytical, and field approaches, it is becoming possible to better assess all types and origins of NPs in Earth systems, and to better frame their longer-term impact on environmental and human health at local, regional, and global scales.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [1]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [7];  [8];  [9];  [6];  [10];  [11]
  1. VIRGINA TECH
  2. Montana State University
  3. Colorado School Of Mines
  4. Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine
  5. University of Delaware
  6. Virginia Tech
  7. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
  8. Academia
  9. University of Georgia
  10. Arizona State University
  11. East China Normal University
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1524157
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-138605
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 363; Journal Issue: 6434
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Hochella, Michael F., Mogk, David, Ranville, James, Allen, Irving, Luther, George, Marr, Linsey, McGrail, Bernard P., Murayama, Mitsuhiro, Qafoku, Nikolla, Rosso, Kevin M., Sahai, Nita, Schroeder, Paul, Vikesland, P, Westerhoff, Paul, and Yang, Yi. Natural, incidental, and engineered nanomaterials and their impacts on the Earth system. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aau8299.
Hochella, Michael F., Mogk, David, Ranville, James, Allen, Irving, Luther, George, Marr, Linsey, McGrail, Bernard P., Murayama, Mitsuhiro, Qafoku, Nikolla, Rosso, Kevin M., Sahai, Nita, Schroeder, Paul, Vikesland, P, Westerhoff, Paul, & Yang, Yi. Natural, incidental, and engineered nanomaterials and their impacts on the Earth system. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aau8299.
Hochella, Michael F., Mogk, David, Ranville, James, Allen, Irving, Luther, George, Marr, Linsey, McGrail, Bernard P., Murayama, Mitsuhiro, Qafoku, Nikolla, Rosso, Kevin M., Sahai, Nita, Schroeder, Paul, Vikesland, P, Westerhoff, Paul, and Yang, Yi. Fri . "Natural, incidental, and engineered nanomaterials and their impacts on the Earth system". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aau8299.
@article{osti_1524157,
title = {Natural, incidental, and engineered nanomaterials and their impacts on the Earth system},
author = {Hochella, Michael F. and Mogk, David and Ranville, James and Allen, Irving and Luther, George and Marr, Linsey and McGrail, Bernard P. and Murayama, Mitsuhiro and Qafoku, Nikolla and Rosso, Kevin M. and Sahai, Nita and Schroeder, Paul and Vikesland, P and Westerhoff, Paul and Yang, Yi},
abstractNote = {Nanoparticles (NPs) are critical components in Earth’s complex (bio)geochemical system. They have been present since Earth’s origin. Life, from the earliest cells to modern humans, has evolved in intimate association with naturally occurring NPs. This synergy began to shift dramatically with human industrialization. Starting in the Anthropocene, incidental NPs (produced by human activity unintentionally) have been distributed worldwide in ever increasing quantities. In the last half century, engineered NPs are being produced in amounts large enough to make them a consequential nano-component of the planet. Due to major advances in experimental, computational, analytical, and field approaches, it is becoming possible to better assess all types and origins of NPs in Earth systems, and to better frame their longer-term impact on environmental and human health at local, regional, and global scales.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aau8299},
journal = {Science},
number = 6434,
volume = 363,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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