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Title: Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station—Part II: Radiative Impact During Different Synoptic Regimes

Abstract

Different cloud types are generated over Antarctica as a result of various synoptic conditions. The cloud characteristics affect their impact on the surface energy budget. In this study, the dominating synoptic regimes over Antarctica (centered on the Ross Ice Shelf) are classified using self-organizing map (SOM) analysis, applied over long-term ERA-Interim 700 hPa geopotential height data. The corresponding cloud properties over McMurdo Station (measured as part of the AWARE campaign) are described and discussed with respect to the synoptic settings and sea-ice extent conditions. Cloud radiative forcing calculations are performed as well, and a particular focus is given to the net longwave “radiatively cloudy/opaque” (RO) regime. These results are compared with measurements performed at the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide to examine their variability and applicability to other Antarctic locations. It is found that the McMurdo cloud properties are strongly affected by the regional mesoscale cyclonic activity, which counterweights the larger-scale synoptic regime influence, while the WAIS clouds are more susceptible to the varying synoptic settings. In addition, it is suggested that the positive trend in the (frequent) cyclonic activity near the Antarctic coastal regions makes ice-clouds an increasing prominent contributor for the RO cases, especially during freeze-up andmore » maximum sea-ice conditions.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science - Office of Biological and Environmental Research - Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1515854
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 3
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
AWARE; antarctic clouds; cloud radiative forcing; mixed-phase clouds; radiatively cloudy net LW; self-organizing map

Citation Formats

Silber, Israel, Verlinde, Johannes, Cadeddu, Maria, Flynn, Connor J., Vogelmann, Andrew M., and Eloranta, Edwin W. Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station—Part II: Radiative Impact During Different Synoptic Regimes. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2018JD029471.
Silber, Israel, Verlinde, Johannes, Cadeddu, Maria, Flynn, Connor J., Vogelmann, Andrew M., & Eloranta, Edwin W. Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station—Part II: Radiative Impact During Different Synoptic Regimes. United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD029471
Silber, Israel, Verlinde, Johannes, Cadeddu, Maria, Flynn, Connor J., Vogelmann, Andrew M., and Eloranta, Edwin W. Sat . "Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station—Part II: Radiative Impact During Different Synoptic Regimes". United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD029471.
@article{osti_1515854,
title = {Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station—Part II: Radiative Impact During Different Synoptic Regimes},
author = {Silber, Israel and Verlinde, Johannes and Cadeddu, Maria and Flynn, Connor J. and Vogelmann, Andrew M. and Eloranta, Edwin W.},
abstractNote = {Different cloud types are generated over Antarctica as a result of various synoptic conditions. The cloud characteristics affect their impact on the surface energy budget. In this study, the dominating synoptic regimes over Antarctica (centered on the Ross Ice Shelf) are classified using self-organizing map (SOM) analysis, applied over long-term ERA-Interim 700 hPa geopotential height data. The corresponding cloud properties over McMurdo Station (measured as part of the AWARE campaign) are described and discussed with respect to the synoptic settings and sea-ice extent conditions. Cloud radiative forcing calculations are performed as well, and a particular focus is given to the net longwave “radiatively cloudy/opaque” (RO) regime. These results are compared with measurements performed at the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide to examine their variability and applicability to other Antarctic locations. It is found that the McMurdo cloud properties are strongly affected by the regional mesoscale cyclonic activity, which counterweights the larger-scale synoptic regime influence, while the WAIS clouds are more susceptible to the varying synoptic settings. In addition, it is suggested that the positive trend in the (frequent) cyclonic activity near the Antarctic coastal regions makes ice-clouds an increasing prominent contributor for the RO cases, especially during freeze-up and maximum sea-ice conditions.},
doi = {10.1029/2018JD029471},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1515854}, journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (Online)},
number = 3,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

Works referenced in this record:

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journal, August 2015


Antarctic Peninsula mesoscale cyclone variability and climatic impacts influenced by the SAM
journal, January 2008


Climate of West Antarctica and Influence of Marine Air Intrusions
journal, January 2011


Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories. Part II: Thermodynamic Phase Characteristics
journal, March 2011


Mesoscale cyclogenesis dynamics over the southwestern Ross Sea, Antarctica
journal, January 1993


Angular variation of the infrared emissivity of ice and water surfaces
journal, October 1992


Wave-Driven Zonal Flow Vacillation in the Southern Hemisphere
journal, April 1998


Ubiquitous low‐level liquid‐containing Arctic clouds: New observations and climate model constraints from CALIPSO‐GOCCP
journal, October 2012


Arctic Mixed-Phase Cloud Properties Derived from Surface-Based Sensors at SHEBA
journal, February 2006


Sea Ice Concentrations from Nimbus-7 SMMR and DMSP SSM/I-SSMIS Passive Microwave Data, Version 1
null, January 1996


Resilience of persistent Arctic mixed-phase clouds
journal, December 2011


The influence of the Amundsen Sea Low on the winds in the Ross Sea and surroundings: Insights from a synoptic climatology
journal, March 2015


Analysis of integrated cloud liquid and precipitable water vapor retrievals from microwave radiometers during the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean project
journal, December 2001


A Climatology of Surface Cloud Radiative Effects at the ARM Tropical Western Pacific Sites
journal, April 2013


On the Relationship between Thermodynamic Structure and Cloud Top, and Its Climate Significance in the Arctic
journal, April 2012


Radiative transfer for inhomogeneous atmospheres: RRTM, a validated correlated-k model for the longwave
journal, July 1997


Low-Frequency Variability of Southern Hemisphere Sea Level Pressure and Weather System Activity
journal, October 1997


Southern Hemisphere Atmospheric Circulation Response to Global Warming
journal, May 2001


Unique manifestations of mixed‐phase cloud microphysics over Ross Island and the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica
journal, March 2016


Optical properties of snow
journal, January 1982


Essentials of the self-organizing map
journal, January 2013


July 2012 Greenland melt extent enhanced by low-level liquid clouds
journal, April 2013


The Amundsen Sea Low: Variability, Change, and Impact on Antarctic Climate
journal, January 2016


Spectral and Broadband Longwave Downwelling Radiative Fluxes, Cloud Radiative Forcing, and Fractional Cloud Cover over the South Pole
journal, October 2005


The Climate of the McMurdo, Antarctica, Region as Represented by One Year of Forecasts from the Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System
journal, April 2005


The Continuum of Northern Hemisphere Teleconnection Patterns and a Description of the NAO Shift with the Use of Self-Organizing Maps
journal, December 2008


Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories. Part I: Occurrence and Macrophysical Properties
journal, March 2011


Surface air temperature and its changes over the past 150 years
journal, May 1999


Eddies and the annular modes of climate variability
journal, October 1999


Analysis of the Ross Ice Shelf Airstream Forcing Mechanisms Using Self-Organizing Maps
journal, December 2014


Evolution of electromagnetic signatures of sea ice from initial formation to the establishment of thick first-year ice
journal, January 1998


Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station: I. Principal Data Processing and Climatology
journal, June 2018


The Continuum of Wintertime Southern Hemisphere Atmospheric Teleconnection Patterns
journal, December 2015


Exploring the Tropically Excited Arctic Warming Mechanism with Station Data: Links between Tropical Convection and Arctic Downward Infrared Radiation
journal, March 2016


Causes of exceptional atmospheric circulation changes in the Southern Hemisphere
journal, January 2004


How Many ENSO Flavors Can We Distinguish?
journal, July 2013


Novel polarization-sensitive micropulse lidar measurement technique
journal, January 2007


A description of the Ross Ice Shelf air stream (RAS) through the use of self-organizing maps (SOMs): A DESCRIPTION OF THE RAS THROUGH SOMS
journal, May 2012


Tropospheric clouds in Antarctica
journal, January 2012


A Neural Network for Real-Time Retrievals of PWV and LWP From Arctic Millimeter-Wave Ground-Based Observations
journal, July 2009


Antarctic clouds studied for first time in five decades
journal, January 2016


Synoptic Activity in the Seas around Antarctica
journal, February 2003


Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratiform Cloud Properties from Multiple Years of Surface-Based Measurements at Two High-Latitude Locations
journal, September 2009


Impurities in Snow: Effects on Albedo and Snowmelt (Review)
journal, January 1984


West Antarctic Ice Sheet Cloud Cover and Surface Radiation Budget from NASA A-Train Satellites
journal, August 2017


January 2016 extensive summer melt in West Antarctica favoured by strong El Niño
journal, June 2017


Distribution and Characteristics of Mesoscale Cyclones in the Antarctic: Ross Sea Eastward to the Weddell Sea*
journal, February 2003


The role of atmospheric rivers in anomalous snow accumulation in East Antarctica
journal, September 2014


Self-organized formation of topologically correct feature maps
journal, January 1982


Climate change drives expansion of Antarctic ice-free habitat
journal, June 2017


Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Ice Response to Variations in the Southern Annular Mode
journal, September 2006


Effect of the Oxygen Line-Parameter Modeling on Temperature and Humidity Retrievals From Ground-Based Microwave Radiometers
journal, July 2007


Close interactions between the Antarctic cyclone budget and large-scale atmospheric circulation: ANTARCTIC CYCLONE BUDGET
journal, June 2013


The characteristic variability and connection to the underlying synoptic activity of the Amundsen-Bellingshausen Seas Low: THE AMUNDSEN-BELLINGSHAUSEN SEAS LOW
journal, April 2012


An Arctic Springtime Mixed-Phase Cloudy Boundary Layer Observed during SHEBA
journal, January 2005


Mixed-phase clouds cause climate model biases in Arctic wintertime temperature inversions
journal, October 2013


The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system
journal, April 2011


A Case Study of a Ross Ice Shelf Airstream Event: A New Perspective*
journal, November 2009


The Retrieval of Ice Water Content from Radar Reflectivity Factor and Temperature and Its Use in Evaluating a Mesoscale Model
journal, February 2006

  • Hogan, Robin J.; Mittermaier, Marion P.; Illingworth, Anthony J.
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 45, Issue 2
  • https://doi.org/10.1175/JAM2340.1

Improved ground-based liquid water path retrievals using a combined infrared and microwave approach
journal, January 2007


Retrieving Liquid Wat0er Path and Precipitable Water Vapor From the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Microwave Radiometers
journal, November 2007


Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: The Main Driver of Twentieth-Century Atmospheric Circulation Changes in the Southern Hemisphere
journal, February 2011


Polar Liquid Cloud Base Detection Algorithms for High Spectral Resolution or Micropulse Lidar Data
journal, April 2018


Thin Liquid Water Clouds: Their Importance and Our Challenge
journal, February 2007


Synoptically Driven Arctic Winter States
journal, March 2011


Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances
journal, January 2015


High and Dry: New Observations of Tropospheric and Cloud Properties above the Greenland Ice Sheet
journal, February 2013


Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. I: single-layer cloud
journal, April 2009

  • Klein, Stephen A.; McCoy, Renata B.; Morrison, Hugh
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 135, Issue 641
  • https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.416

Detecting Ozone- and Greenhouse Gas–Driven Wind Trends with Observational Data
journal, January 2013


The Arm Climate Research Facility: A Review of Structure and Capabilities
journal, March 2013


Physical Basis for the Temperature-Based Melt-Index Method
journal, April 2001


Impurities in Snow: Effects on Albedo and Snowmelt (Review)
journal, January 1984


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Mesoscale cyclogenesis dynamics over the southwestern Ross Sea, Antarctica
    journal, January 1993


    Close interactions between the Antarctic cyclone budget and large-scale atmospheric circulation: ANTARCTIC CYCLONE BUDGET
    journal, June 2013


    January 2016 extensive summer melt in West Antarctica favoured by strong El Niño
    journal, June 2017


    The role of atmospheric rivers in anomalous snow accumulation in East Antarctica
    journal, September 2014


    The characteristic variability and connection to the underlying synoptic activity of the Amundsen-Bellingshausen Seas Low: THE AMUNDSEN-BELLINGSHAUSEN SEAS LOW
    journal, April 2012


    Self-organized formation of topologically correct feature maps
    journal, January 1982


    Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories. Part I: Occurrence and Macrophysical Properties
    journal, March 2011


    Optical properties of snow
    journal, January 1982


    Improved ground-based liquid water path retrievals using a combined infrared and microwave approach
    journal, January 2007


    Physical Basis for the Temperature-Based Melt-Index Method
    journal, April 2001


    Arctic Mixed-Phase Cloud Properties Derived from Surface-Based Sensors at SHEBA
    journal, February 2006


    Eddies and the annular modes of climate variability
    journal, October 1999


    High and Dry: New Observations of Tropospheric and Cloud Properties above the Greenland Ice Sheet
    journal, February 2013


    A Neural Network for Real-Time Retrievals of PWV and LWP From Arctic Millimeter-Wave Ground-Based Observations
    journal, July 2009


    Cloud Radiative Forcing at Summit, Greenland
    journal, August 2015


    Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratiform Cloud Properties from Multiple Years of Surface-Based Measurements at Two High-Latitude Locations
    journal, September 2009


    Effect of the Oxygen Line-Parameter Modeling on Temperature and Humidity Retrievals From Ground-Based Microwave Radiometers
    journal, July 2007


    A Climatology of Surface Cloud Radiative Effects at the ARM Tropical Western Pacific Sites
    journal, April 2013


    Wave-Driven Zonal Flow Vacillation in the Southern Hemisphere
    journal, April 1998


    The Arm Climate Research Facility: A Review of Structure and Capabilities
    journal, March 2013


    The Continuum of Northern Hemisphere Teleconnection Patterns and a Description of the NAO Shift with the Use of Self-Organizing Maps
    journal, December 2008


    Analysis of the Ross Ice Shelf Airstream Forcing Mechanisms Using Self-Organizing Maps
    journal, December 2014


    Mixed-phase clouds cause climate model biases in Arctic wintertime temperature inversions
    journal, October 2013


    Retrieving Liquid Wat0er Path and Precipitable Water Vapor From the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Microwave Radiometers
    journal, November 2007


    West Antarctic Ice Sheet Cloud Cover and Surface Radiation Budget from NASA A-Train Satellites
    journal, August 2017


    Polar Liquid Cloud Base Detection Algorithms for High Spectral Resolution or Micropulse Lidar Data
    journal, April 2018


    Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories. Part II: Thermodynamic Phase Characteristics
    journal, March 2011


    Low-Frequency Variability of Southern Hemisphere Sea Level Pressure and Weather System Activity
    journal, October 1997


    Spectral and Broadband Longwave Downwelling Radiative Fluxes, Cloud Radiative Forcing, and Fractional Cloud Cover over the South Pole
    journal, October 2005


    Impurities in Snow: Effects on Albedo and Snowmelt (Review)
    journal, January 1984


    The Climate of the McMurdo, Antarctica, Region as Represented by One Year of Forecasts from the Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System
    journal, April 2005


    Analysis of integrated cloud liquid and precipitable water vapor retrievals from microwave radiometers during the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean project
    journal, December 2001


    Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Ice Response to Variations in the Southern Annular Mode
    journal, September 2006


    A Case Study of a Ross Ice Shelf Airstream Event: A New Perspective*
    journal, November 2009


    The Retrieval of Ice Water Content from Radar Reflectivity Factor and Temperature and Its Use in Evaluating a Mesoscale Model
    journal, February 2006

    • Hogan, Robin J.; Mittermaier, Marion P.; Illingworth, Anthony J.
    • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 45, Issue 2
    • https://doi.org/10.1175/jam2340.1

    Ubiquitous low‐level liquid‐containing Arctic clouds: New observations and climate model constraints from CALIPSO‐GOCCP
    journal, October 2012


    Essentials of the self-organizing map
    journal, January 2013


    The Amundsen Sea Low: Variability, Change, and Impact on Antarctic Climate
    journal, January 2016


    July 2012 Greenland melt extent enhanced by low-level liquid clouds
    journal, April 2013


    Resilience of persistent Arctic mixed-phase clouds
    journal, December 2011


    Exploring the Tropically Excited Arctic Warming Mechanism with Station Data: Links between Tropical Convection and Arctic Downward Infrared Radiation
    journal, March 2016


    An Arctic Springtime Mixed-Phase Cloudy Boundary Layer Observed during SHEBA
    journal, January 2005


    Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: The Main Driver of Twentieth-Century Atmospheric Circulation Changes in the Southern Hemisphere
    journal, February 2011


    Climate of West Antarctica and Influence of Marine Air Intrusions
    journal, January 2011


    Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. I: single-layer cloud
    journal, April 2009

    • Klein, Stephen A.; McCoy, Renata B.; Morrison, Hugh
    • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 135, Issue 641
    • https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.416

    Synoptically Driven Arctic Winter States
    journal, March 2011


    Detecting Ozone- and Greenhouse Gas–Driven Wind Trends with Observational Data
    journal, January 2013


    Causes of exceptional atmospheric circulation changes in the Southern Hemisphere
    journal, January 2004


    The Continuum of Wintertime Southern Hemisphere Atmospheric Teleconnection Patterns
    journal, December 2015


    Antarctic Peninsula mesoscale cyclone variability and climatic impacts influenced by the SAM
    journal, January 2008


    Novel polarization-sensitive micropulse lidar measurement technique
    journal, January 2007


    Thin Liquid Water Clouds: Their Importance and Our Challenge
    journal, February 2007


    The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system
    journal, April 2011


    On the Relationship between Thermodynamic Structure and Cloud Top, and Its Climate Significance in the Arctic
    journal, April 2012


    Climate change drives expansion of Antarctic ice-free habitat
    journal, June 2017


    Unique manifestations of mixed‐phase cloud microphysics over Ross Island and the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica
    journal, March 2016


    Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station: I. Principal Data Processing and Climatology
    journal, June 2018


    Synoptic Activity in the Seas around Antarctica
    journal, February 2003


    Antarctic clouds studied for first time in five decades
    journal, January 2016


    Surface air temperature and its changes over the past 150 years
    journal, May 1999


    Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances
    journal, January 2015


    Radiative transfer for inhomogeneous atmospheres: RRTM, a validated correlated-k model for the longwave
    journal, July 1997


    Angular variation of the infrared emissivity of ice and water surfaces
    journal, October 1992


    A description of the Ross Ice Shelf air stream (RAS) through the use of self-organizing maps (SOMs): A DESCRIPTION OF THE RAS THROUGH SOMS
    journal, May 2012


    Southern Hemisphere Atmospheric Circulation Response to Global Warming
    journal, May 2001


    The influence of the Amundsen Sea Low on the winds in the Ross Sea and surroundings: Insights from a synoptic climatology
    journal, March 2015


    Distribution and Characteristics of Mesoscale Cyclones in the Antarctic: Ross Sea Eastward to the Weddell Sea*
    journal, February 2003


    Tropospheric clouds in Antarctica
    journal, January 2012


    How Many ENSO Flavors Can We Distinguish?
    journal, July 2013


    Evolution of electromagnetic signatures of sea ice from initial formation to the establishment of thick first-year ice
    journal, January 1998


    Comparison of Antarctic and Arctic Single‐Layer Stratiform Mixed‐Phase Cloud Properties Using Ground‐Based Remote Sensing Measurements
    journal, September 2019