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Title: Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station—Part II: Radiative Impact During Different Synoptic Regimes

Abstract

Different cloud types are generated over Antarctica as a result of various synoptic conditions. The cloud characteristics affect their impact on the surface energy budget. In this study, the dominating synoptic regimes over Antarctica (centered on the Ross Ice Shelf) are classified using self-organizing map (SOM) analysis, applied over long-term ERA-Interim 700 hPa geopotential height data. The corresponding cloud properties over McMurdo Station (measured as part of the AWARE campaign) are described and discussed with respect to the synoptic settings and sea-ice extent conditions. Cloud radiative forcing calculations are performed as well, and a particular focus is given to the net longwave “radiatively cloudy/opaque” (RO) regime. These results are compared with measurements performed at the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide to examine their variability and applicability to other Antarctic locations. It is found that the McMurdo cloud properties are strongly affected by the regional mesoscale cyclonic activity, which counterweights the larger-scale synoptic regime influence, while the WAIS clouds are more susceptible to the varying synoptic settings. In addition, it is suggested that the positive trend in the (frequent) cyclonic activity near the Antarctic coastal regions makes ice-clouds an increasing prominent contributor for the RO cases, especially during freeze-up andmore » maximum sea-ice conditions.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science - Office of Biological and Environmental Research - Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1515854
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 3
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
AWARE; antarctic clouds; cloud radiative forcing; mixed-phase clouds; radiatively cloudy net LW; self-organizing map

Citation Formats

Silber, Israel, Verlinde, Johannes, Cadeddu, Maria, Flynn, Connor J., Vogelmann, Andrew M., and Eloranta, Edwin W. Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station—Part II: Radiative Impact During Different Synoptic Regimes. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2018JD029471.
Silber, Israel, Verlinde, Johannes, Cadeddu, Maria, Flynn, Connor J., Vogelmann, Andrew M., & Eloranta, Edwin W. Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station—Part II: Radiative Impact During Different Synoptic Regimes. United States. doi:10.1029/2018JD029471.
Silber, Israel, Verlinde, Johannes, Cadeddu, Maria, Flynn, Connor J., Vogelmann, Andrew M., and Eloranta, Edwin W. Sat . "Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station—Part II: Radiative Impact During Different Synoptic Regimes". United States. doi:10.1029/2018JD029471.
@article{osti_1515854,
title = {Antarctic Cloud Macrophysical, Thermodynamic Phase, and Atmospheric Inversion Coupling Properties at McMurdo Station—Part II: Radiative Impact During Different Synoptic Regimes},
author = {Silber, Israel and Verlinde, Johannes and Cadeddu, Maria and Flynn, Connor J. and Vogelmann, Andrew M. and Eloranta, Edwin W.},
abstractNote = {Different cloud types are generated over Antarctica as a result of various synoptic conditions. The cloud characteristics affect their impact on the surface energy budget. In this study, the dominating synoptic regimes over Antarctica (centered on the Ross Ice Shelf) are classified using self-organizing map (SOM) analysis, applied over long-term ERA-Interim 700 hPa geopotential height data. The corresponding cloud properties over McMurdo Station (measured as part of the AWARE campaign) are described and discussed with respect to the synoptic settings and sea-ice extent conditions. Cloud radiative forcing calculations are performed as well, and a particular focus is given to the net longwave “radiatively cloudy/opaque” (RO) regime. These results are compared with measurements performed at the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide to examine their variability and applicability to other Antarctic locations. It is found that the McMurdo cloud properties are strongly affected by the regional mesoscale cyclonic activity, which counterweights the larger-scale synoptic regime influence, while the WAIS clouds are more susceptible to the varying synoptic settings. In addition, it is suggested that the positive trend in the (frequent) cyclonic activity near the Antarctic coastal regions makes ice-clouds an increasing prominent contributor for the RO cases, especially during freeze-up and maximum sea-ice conditions.},
doi = {10.1029/2018JD029471},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (Online)},
number = 3,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Close interactions between the Antarctic cyclone budget and large-scale atmospheric circulation: ANTARCTIC CYCLONE BUDGET
    journal, June 2013

    • Uotila, Petteri; Vihma, Timo; Tsukernik, Maria
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1002/grl.50560

    January 2016 extensive summer melt in West Antarctica favoured by strong El Niño
    journal, June 2017

    • Nicolas, Julien P.; Vogelmann, Andrew M.; Scott, Ryan C.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15799

    An analysis of the cloud environment over the Ross Sea and Ross Ice Shelf using CloudSat/CALIPSO satellite observations: the importance of synoptic forcing
    journal, January 2018

    • Jolly, Ben; Kuma, Peter; McDonald, Adrian
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 13
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-18-9723-2018

    Mixed-phase clouds cause climate model biases in Arctic wintertime temperature inversions
    journal, October 2013


    Essentials of the self-organizing map
    journal, January 2013


    July 2012 Greenland melt extent enhanced by low-level liquid clouds
    journal, April 2013

    • Bennartz, R.; Shupe, M. D.; Turner, D. D.
    • Nature, Vol. 496, Issue 7443
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature12002

    Resilience of persistent Arctic mixed-phase clouds
    journal, December 2011

    • Morrison, Hugh; de Boer, Gijs; Feingold, Graham
    • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1332

    Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. I: single-layer cloud
    journal, April 2009

    • Klein, Stephen A.; McCoy, Renata B.; Morrison, Hugh
    • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 135, Issue 641
    • DOI: 10.1002/qj.416

    Detecting Ozone- and Greenhouse Gas–Driven Wind Trends with Observational Data
    journal, January 2013


    Synoptic climatology of the Ross Ice Shelf and Ross Sea region of Antarctica: k -means clustering and validation : SYNOPTIC CLIMATE OF THE ROSS ICE SHELF AND ROSS SEA REGION, ANTARCTICA
    journal, November 2013

    • Coggins, Jack H. J.; McDonald, Adrian J.; Jolly, Ben
    • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 34, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1002/joc.3842

    The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system
    journal, April 2011

    • Dee, D. P.; Uppala, S. M.; Simmons, A. J.
    • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 137, Issue 656
    • DOI: 10.1002/qj.828

    Climate change drives expansion of Antarctic ice-free habitat
    journal, June 2017

    • Lee, Jasmine R.; Raymond, Ben; Bracegirdle, Thomas J.
    • Nature, Vol. 547, Issue 7661
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature22996

    Antarctic clouds studied for first time in five decades
    journal, January 2016


    Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances
    journal, January 2015

    • Fielding, M. D.; Chiu, J. C.; Hogan, R. J.
    • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 8, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.5194/amt-8-2663-2015

    Angular variation of the infrared emissivity of ice and water surfaces
    journal, October 1992


    Evolution of electromagnetic signatures of sea ice from initial formation to the establishment of thick first-year ice
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    • Grenfell, T. C.; Barber, D. G.; Fung, A. K.
    • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 36, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1109/36.718636