skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: U.S. HIGH PERFORMANCE RESEARCH REACTOR PRELIMINARY DESIGN MILESTONE FOR CONVERSION TO LOW ENRICHED URANIUM FUEL

Abstract

The U.S. reactors that regularly refuel with highly enriched uranium (HEU) have undertaken conversion to low-enriched uranium (LEU) using a high-density alloy of uranium-10 wt% molybdenum (U-10Mo) that is under development for the U.S. High Performance Research Reactors (USHPRR). The U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Material Management and Minimization (M3) Reactor Conversion Program is pursuing USHPRR conversion. The USHPRR consists of nine national laboratories and three universities working with a uranium processing plant and commercial fuel fabricator to convert five reactors and an associated critical assembly. Feasibility designs were completed in 2009 for all USHPRR. Since then, the USHPRR have completed key milestones leading to preliminary designs. Between 2007 and 2011, the Fuel Qualification (FQ) Pillar conducted seven irradiation campaigns consisting of 14 large size plates and over 60 mini plates with U-10Mo fuel with a zirconium interlayer. The Preliminary Report on U-Mo Monolithic Fuel for Research Reactors submitted for review to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in 2017 summarizes these irradiation tests. The Fuel Fabrication (FF) Pillar has installed and is operating a fabrication pilot line at BWX Technologies, Inc. In tandem, the Reactor Conversion (RC) Pillar, has been working with each USHPRR to mature conversion designsmore » and to include recent data. As of 2018, all five USHPRR have completed LEU designs. This includes three Preliminary Safety Analysis Reports (PSARs) submitted between 2014 and 2017 to the NRC by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, University of Missouri, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology for their reactors NBSR, MURR, and MITR, respectively. In 2018, the two USHPRR reactors regulated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at Idaho National Laboratory (ATR) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (HFIR) completed optimized conceptual or preliminary designs, with ATR confirming a ‘base fuel’ design of the same fabrication complexity as required for MURR, MITR and NBSR. Instead of available U-10Mo designs, HFIR is pursuing a longer silicide (U3Si2) fuel design with a fuel meat density of 4.8 gU/cm3. However, HFIR conversion will require additional fuel qualification due to the complex fuel design containing boron and since HFIR exceeds existing silicide qualification limits. These preliminary designs allow for a commercial fabrication demonstration, and subsequent irradiation qualification of these fuel element designs in order to complete final SARs that allow for USHPRR conversion to LEU fuel.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1515073
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2019 European Research Reactor Conference, 03/24/19 - 03/28/19, JO
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Wilson, E. H., Jaluvka, D., Hebden, A. S., Stillman, J. A., and Jamison, L. M. U.S. HIGH PERFORMANCE RESEARCH REACTOR PRELIMINARY DESIGN MILESTONE FOR CONVERSION TO LOW ENRICHED URANIUM FUEL. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Wilson, E. H., Jaluvka, D., Hebden, A. S., Stillman, J. A., & Jamison, L. M. U.S. HIGH PERFORMANCE RESEARCH REACTOR PRELIMINARY DESIGN MILESTONE FOR CONVERSION TO LOW ENRICHED URANIUM FUEL. United States.
Wilson, E. H., Jaluvka, D., Hebden, A. S., Stillman, J. A., and Jamison, L. M. Sun . "U.S. HIGH PERFORMANCE RESEARCH REACTOR PRELIMINARY DESIGN MILESTONE FOR CONVERSION TO LOW ENRICHED URANIUM FUEL". United States.
@article{osti_1515073,
title = {U.S. HIGH PERFORMANCE RESEARCH REACTOR PRELIMINARY DESIGN MILESTONE FOR CONVERSION TO LOW ENRICHED URANIUM FUEL},
author = {Wilson, E. H. and Jaluvka, D. and Hebden, A. S. and Stillman, J. A. and Jamison, L. M.},
abstractNote = {The U.S. reactors that regularly refuel with highly enriched uranium (HEU) have undertaken conversion to low-enriched uranium (LEU) using a high-density alloy of uranium-10 wt% molybdenum (U-10Mo) that is under development for the U.S. High Performance Research Reactors (USHPRR). The U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Material Management and Minimization (M3) Reactor Conversion Program is pursuing USHPRR conversion. The USHPRR consists of nine national laboratories and three universities working with a uranium processing plant and commercial fuel fabricator to convert five reactors and an associated critical assembly. Feasibility designs were completed in 2009 for all USHPRR. Since then, the USHPRR have completed key milestones leading to preliminary designs. Between 2007 and 2011, the Fuel Qualification (FQ) Pillar conducted seven irradiation campaigns consisting of 14 large size plates and over 60 mini plates with U-10Mo fuel with a zirconium interlayer. The Preliminary Report on U-Mo Monolithic Fuel for Research Reactors submitted for review to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in 2017 summarizes these irradiation tests. The Fuel Fabrication (FF) Pillar has installed and is operating a fabrication pilot line at BWX Technologies, Inc. In tandem, the Reactor Conversion (RC) Pillar, has been working with each USHPRR to mature conversion designs and to include recent data. As of 2018, all five USHPRR have completed LEU designs. This includes three Preliminary Safety Analysis Reports (PSARs) submitted between 2014 and 2017 to the NRC by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, University of Missouri, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology for their reactors NBSR, MURR, and MITR, respectively. In 2018, the two USHPRR reactors regulated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at Idaho National Laboratory (ATR) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (HFIR) completed optimized conceptual or preliminary designs, with ATR confirming a ‘base fuel’ design of the same fabrication complexity as required for MURR, MITR and NBSR. Instead of available U-10Mo designs, HFIR is pursuing a longer silicide (U3Si2) fuel design with a fuel meat density of 4.8 gU/cm3. However, HFIR conversion will require additional fuel qualification due to the complex fuel design containing boron and since HFIR exceeds existing silicide qualification limits. These preliminary designs allow for a commercial fabrication demonstration, and subsequent irradiation qualification of these fuel element designs in order to complete final SARs that allow for USHPRR conversion to LEU fuel.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share: