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Title: Nitrate Salt Based Melt Cast Materials

Abstract

Three new low melting compositions have been developed here based on the ingredients amino-1,2,4-triazolium nitrate, 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazolium nitrate and ammonium nitrate, to create the formulation AAD, in addition to mixtures comprising guanidinium 5-amino-tetrazolate and ammonium nitrate in either a 1 : 3 or 1 : 6 mole ratio (GAN13 and GAN16 respectively). The materials melt in the range of 95–100 °C and do not begin to decompose until >195 °C. The formulations are insensitive to impact, spark and friction and were calculated to show promising explosive performance properties (V D=8.78–9.0 km/s, P CJ=28.4–30.6 GPa). HMX mixtures of AAD, GAN13 and GAN16 were also prepared and these materials were characterized with respect to their safety and performance as well.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOD
OSTI Identifier:
1514955
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1402522
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-25863
Journal ID: ISSN 0721-3115
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0721-3115
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; ionic liquid; energetic material; melt cast; tetrazole; ammonium nitrate

Citation Formats

Leonard, Philip W., Chavez, David E., Bowden, Patrick R., and Francois, Elizabeth G. Nitrate Salt Based Melt Cast Materials. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/prep.201700183.
Leonard, Philip W., Chavez, David E., Bowden, Patrick R., & Francois, Elizabeth G. Nitrate Salt Based Melt Cast Materials. United States. doi:10.1002/prep.201700183.
Leonard, Philip W., Chavez, David E., Bowden, Patrick R., and Francois, Elizabeth G. Tue . "Nitrate Salt Based Melt Cast Materials". United States. doi:10.1002/prep.201700183. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1514955.
@article{osti_1514955,
title = {Nitrate Salt Based Melt Cast Materials},
author = {Leonard, Philip W. and Chavez, David E. and Bowden, Patrick R. and Francois, Elizabeth G.},
abstractNote = {Three new low melting compositions have been developed here based on the ingredients amino-1,2,4-triazolium nitrate, 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazolium nitrate and ammonium nitrate, to create the formulation AAD, in addition to mixtures comprising guanidinium 5-amino-tetrazolate and ammonium nitrate in either a 1 : 3 or 1 : 6 mole ratio (GAN13 and GAN16 respectively). The materials melt in the range of 95–100 °C and do not begin to decompose until >195 °C. The formulations are insensitive to impact, spark and friction and were calculated to show promising explosive performance properties (VD=8.78–9.0 km/s, PCJ=28.4–30.6 GPa). HMX mixtures of AAD, GAN13 and GAN16 were also prepared and these materials were characterized with respect to their safety and performance as well.},
doi = {10.1002/prep.201700183},
journal = {Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics},
issn = {0721-3115},
number = 1,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Ingredients used in this study

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Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.