skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Efficient derivatization of methylphosphonic and aminoethylsulfonic acids related to nerve agents simultaneously in soils using trimethyloxonium tetrafluoroborate for their enhanced, qualitative detection and identification by EI-GC–MS and GC–FPD

Abstract

Trimethyloxonium tetrafluoroborate (TMO·BF 4) has been used here in the simultaneous derivatization of phosphonic and 2-aminoethylsulfonic acids related to nerve agents in different soils for their enhanced detection and identification by electron ionization gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (EI-GC–MS). The panel of acids consisted of five Schedule 2 phosphonic acids (methyl methylphosphonic acid, ethyl methylphosphonic acid, isopropyl methylphosphonic acid, pinacolyl methylphosphonic acid and cyclohexyl methylphosphonic acid) along with two sulfonic acids, N,N-diethyl-2-aminoethylsulfonic acid and N,N-diisopropyl-2-aminoethylsulfonic acid. The acids were converted to their corresponding methyl esters at ambient temperature when present at a 10 μg g -1 concentration in three separate soils: Virginia type A soil, Ottawa sand and Nebraska EPA soil. The concentration of the acids reflects values typically encountered during proficiency tests (PTs) administered annually by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). Derivatization times to yield detectable signals for the methyl ester products for all the acids was found to vary among all three soil samples, however, it was found that generally the most optimal time across all the matrices involved was 3 h after the addition of TMO·BF 4. Concomitantly, the analysis of the samples was complemented using GC coupled to flame photometric detection (GC–FPD). The inclusionmore » of GC–FPD in the analysis yielded stronger signals for all seven methylated analytes making their detection after merely 3 h possible relative to the ones initially obtained with EI-GC–MS. Regarding the three soils employed in our study, a greater methylating efficiency was found in the Virginia type A soil and Ottawa sand yielding results that were significantly larger in magnitude to those found during the same time points for the Nebraska EPA soil sample. Prolonged reaction times (up to 72 h) were explored to find the time for the highest yield of methyl ester production were found instead to be deleterious to the process showcasing the importance of the fast yielding nature of the process specifically in situations where time-sensitive analysis is crucial (e.g. OPCW-PT).« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Physical and Life Sciences Directorate. Nuclear and Chemical Sciences Division. Forensic Science Center
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Forensic Science Center; United States Air Force Academy, USAF Academy, CO (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1512628
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-738410
Journal ID: ISSN 0379-0738; 889829
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Forensic Science International
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 288; Journal ID: ISSN 0379-0738
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
nerve agents; phosphonic acids; aminoethylsulfonic acids; methylation; GC–MS; OPCW

Citation Formats

Valdez, Carlos A., Marchioretto, Mira K., Leif, Roald N., and Hok, Saphon. Efficient derivatization of methylphosphonic and aminoethylsulfonic acids related to nerve agents simultaneously in soils using trimethyloxonium tetrafluoroborate for their enhanced, qualitative detection and identification by EI-GC–MS and GC–FPD. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.04.041.
Valdez, Carlos A., Marchioretto, Mira K., Leif, Roald N., & Hok, Saphon. Efficient derivatization of methylphosphonic and aminoethylsulfonic acids related to nerve agents simultaneously in soils using trimethyloxonium tetrafluoroborate for their enhanced, qualitative detection and identification by EI-GC–MS and GC–FPD. United States. doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.04.041.
Valdez, Carlos A., Marchioretto, Mira K., Leif, Roald N., and Hok, Saphon. Fri . "Efficient derivatization of methylphosphonic and aminoethylsulfonic acids related to nerve agents simultaneously in soils using trimethyloxonium tetrafluoroborate for their enhanced, qualitative detection and identification by EI-GC–MS and GC–FPD". United States. doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.04.041. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1512628.
@article{osti_1512628,
title = {Efficient derivatization of methylphosphonic and aminoethylsulfonic acids related to nerve agents simultaneously in soils using trimethyloxonium tetrafluoroborate for their enhanced, qualitative detection and identification by EI-GC–MS and GC–FPD},
author = {Valdez, Carlos A. and Marchioretto, Mira K. and Leif, Roald N. and Hok, Saphon},
abstractNote = {Trimethyloxonium tetrafluoroborate (TMO·BF4) has been used here in the simultaneous derivatization of phosphonic and 2-aminoethylsulfonic acids related to nerve agents in different soils for their enhanced detection and identification by electron ionization gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (EI-GC–MS). The panel of acids consisted of five Schedule 2 phosphonic acids (methyl methylphosphonic acid, ethyl methylphosphonic acid, isopropyl methylphosphonic acid, pinacolyl methylphosphonic acid and cyclohexyl methylphosphonic acid) along with two sulfonic acids, N,N-diethyl-2-aminoethylsulfonic acid and N,N-diisopropyl-2-aminoethylsulfonic acid. The acids were converted to their corresponding methyl esters at ambient temperature when present at a 10 μg g-1 concentration in three separate soils: Virginia type A soil, Ottawa sand and Nebraska EPA soil. The concentration of the acids reflects values typically encountered during proficiency tests (PTs) administered annually by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). Derivatization times to yield detectable signals for the methyl ester products for all the acids was found to vary among all three soil samples, however, it was found that generally the most optimal time across all the matrices involved was 3 h after the addition of TMO·BF4. Concomitantly, the analysis of the samples was complemented using GC coupled to flame photometric detection (GC–FPD). The inclusion of GC–FPD in the analysis yielded stronger signals for all seven methylated analytes making their detection after merely 3 h possible relative to the ones initially obtained with EI-GC–MS. Regarding the three soils employed in our study, a greater methylating efficiency was found in the Virginia type A soil and Ottawa sand yielding results that were significantly larger in magnitude to those found during the same time points for the Nebraska EPA soil sample. Prolonged reaction times (up to 72 h) were explored to find the time for the highest yield of methyl ester production were found instead to be deleterious to the process showcasing the importance of the fast yielding nature of the process specifically in situations where time-sensitive analysis is crucial (e.g. OPCW-PT).},
doi = {10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.04.041},
journal = {Forensic Science International},
issn = {0379-0738},
number = ,
volume = 288,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share: