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Title: DARKNESS: A Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detector Integral Field Spectrograph for High-contrast Astronomy

Abstract

We propose DARKNESS (the DARK-speckle Near-infrared Energy-resolving Superconducting Spectrophotometer), the first of several planned integral field spectrographs to use optical/near-infrared Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors (MKIDs) for high-contrast imaging. The photon counting and simultaneous low-resolution spectroscopy provided by MKIDs will enable real-time speckle control techniques and post-processing speckle suppression at frame rates capable of resolving the atmospheric speckles that currently limit high-contrast imaging from the ground. DARKNESS is now operational behind the PALM-3000 extreme adaptive optics system and the Stellar Double Coronagraph at Palomar Observatory. In this work, we describe the motivation, design, and characterization of the instrument, early on-sky results, and future prospects.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [2];  [7];  [2];  [2];  [5];  [5] more »;  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5] « less
  1. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
  3. Dominican School of Philosophy and Theology, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Dublin Inst. of Advanced Studies, Dublin (Ireland)
  5. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  6. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  7. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1511669
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1803.10420; FERMILAB-PUB-18-769-CD
Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6280; 1729946
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 130; Journal Issue: 988; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6280
Publisher:
Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; instrumentation: detectors; adaptive optics; coronagraphs; spectrographs — planets and satellites: detection

Citation Formats

Meeker, Seth R., Mazin, Benjamin A., Walter, Alex B., Strader, Paschal, Fruitwala, Neelay, Bockstiegel, Clint, Szypryt, Paul, Ulbricht, Gerhard, Coiffard, Grégoire, Bumble, Bruce, Cancelo, Gustavo, Zmuda, Ted, Treptow, Ken, Wilcer, Neal, Collura, Giulia, Dodkins, Rupert, Lipartito, Isabel, Zobrist, Nicholas, Bottom, Michael, Shelton, J. Chris, Mawet, Dimitri, van Eyken, Julian C., Vasisht, Gautam, and Serabyn, Eugene. DARKNESS: A Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detector Integral Field Spectrograph for High-contrast Astronomy. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1538-3873/aab5e7.
Meeker, Seth R., Mazin, Benjamin A., Walter, Alex B., Strader, Paschal, Fruitwala, Neelay, Bockstiegel, Clint, Szypryt, Paul, Ulbricht, Gerhard, Coiffard, Grégoire, Bumble, Bruce, Cancelo, Gustavo, Zmuda, Ted, Treptow, Ken, Wilcer, Neal, Collura, Giulia, Dodkins, Rupert, Lipartito, Isabel, Zobrist, Nicholas, Bottom, Michael, Shelton, J. Chris, Mawet, Dimitri, van Eyken, Julian C., Vasisht, Gautam, & Serabyn, Eugene. DARKNESS: A Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detector Integral Field Spectrograph for High-contrast Astronomy. United States. doi:10.1088/1538-3873/aab5e7.
Meeker, Seth R., Mazin, Benjamin A., Walter, Alex B., Strader, Paschal, Fruitwala, Neelay, Bockstiegel, Clint, Szypryt, Paul, Ulbricht, Gerhard, Coiffard, Grégoire, Bumble, Bruce, Cancelo, Gustavo, Zmuda, Ted, Treptow, Ken, Wilcer, Neal, Collura, Giulia, Dodkins, Rupert, Lipartito, Isabel, Zobrist, Nicholas, Bottom, Michael, Shelton, J. Chris, Mawet, Dimitri, van Eyken, Julian C., Vasisht, Gautam, and Serabyn, Eugene. Mon . "DARKNESS: A Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detector Integral Field Spectrograph for High-contrast Astronomy". United States. doi:10.1088/1538-3873/aab5e7. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1511669.
@article{osti_1511669,
title = {DARKNESS: A Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detector Integral Field Spectrograph for High-contrast Astronomy},
author = {Meeker, Seth R. and Mazin, Benjamin A. and Walter, Alex B. and Strader, Paschal and Fruitwala, Neelay and Bockstiegel, Clint and Szypryt, Paul and Ulbricht, Gerhard and Coiffard, Grégoire and Bumble, Bruce and Cancelo, Gustavo and Zmuda, Ted and Treptow, Ken and Wilcer, Neal and Collura, Giulia and Dodkins, Rupert and Lipartito, Isabel and Zobrist, Nicholas and Bottom, Michael and Shelton, J. Chris and Mawet, Dimitri and van Eyken, Julian C. and Vasisht, Gautam and Serabyn, Eugene},
abstractNote = {We propose DARKNESS (the DARK-speckle Near-infrared Energy-resolving Superconducting Spectrophotometer), the first of several planned integral field spectrographs to use optical/near-infrared Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors (MKIDs) for high-contrast imaging. The photon counting and simultaneous low-resolution spectroscopy provided by MKIDs will enable real-time speckle control techniques and post-processing speckle suppression at frame rates capable of resolving the atmospheric speckles that currently limit high-contrast imaging from the ground. DARKNESS is now operational behind the PALM-3000 extreme adaptive optics system and the Stellar Double Coronagraph at Palomar Observatory. In this work, we describe the motivation, design, and characterization of the instrument, early on-sky results, and future prospects.},
doi = {10.1088/1538-3873/aab5e7},
journal = {Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific},
issn = {0004-6280},
number = 988,
volume = 130,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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