# Detection of ratcheting in finite element calculations

## Abstract

The distinction between a ratcheting and non-ratcheting response is critical for many high temperature design methods. Non-ratcheting is generally considered safe deformation remain bounded over the lifetime of the component while ratcheting is undesirable. As a particular example, the elastic perfectly plastic (EPP) design methods described in recent ASME Section III, Division 5 code cases require a designer to distinguish ratcheting from non-ratcheting for finite element analyses using a relatively simple, elastic perfectly-plastic constitutive response. However, it can be quite difficult to distinguish these two deformation regimes using finite element (FE) analysis particularly in the case where the actual ratcheting strain is small. In practice FE analysis of structures that are analytically in either the plastic shakedown or ratcheting regimes will result in small, cycle to -cycle accumulated strains characteristic of ratcheting. Distinguishing false ratcheting the structure is actually in the plastic shakedown regime from true ratcheting can be challenging. We describe the characteristics of nonlinear FE analysis that cause these false ratcheting strains and describe practical methods for distinguishing a ratcheting from a non-ratcheting response.

- Authors:

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy

- OSTI Identifier:
- 1510502

- DOE Contract Number:
- AC02-06CH11357

- Resource Type:
- Conference

- Resource Relation:
- Conference: 2018 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, 07/15/18 - 07/20/18, Prague, CZ

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

### Citation Formats

```
Messner, M. C., and Sham, T. -L.
```*Detection of ratcheting in finite element calculations*. United States: N. p., 2019.
Web. doi:10.1115/PVP2018-84102.

```
Messner, M. C., & Sham, T. -L.
```*Detection of ratcheting in finite element calculations*. United States. doi:10.1115/PVP2018-84102.

```
Messner, M. C., and Sham, T. -L. Tue .
"Detection of ratcheting in finite element calculations". United States. doi:10.1115/PVP2018-84102.
```

```
@article{osti_1510502,
```

title = {Detection of ratcheting in finite element calculations},

author = {Messner, M. C. and Sham, T. -L.},

abstractNote = {The distinction between a ratcheting and non-ratcheting response is critical for many high temperature design methods. Non-ratcheting is generally considered safe deformation remain bounded over the lifetime of the component while ratcheting is undesirable. As a particular example, the elastic perfectly plastic (EPP) design methods described in recent ASME Section III, Division 5 code cases require a designer to distinguish ratcheting from non-ratcheting for finite element analyses using a relatively simple, elastic perfectly-plastic constitutive response. However, it can be quite difficult to distinguish these two deformation regimes using finite element (FE) analysis particularly in the case where the actual ratcheting strain is small. In practice FE analysis of structures that are analytically in either the plastic shakedown or ratcheting regimes will result in small, cycle to -cycle accumulated strains characteristic of ratcheting. Distinguishing false ratcheting the structure is actually in the plastic shakedown regime from true ratcheting can be challenging. We describe the characteristics of nonlinear FE analysis that cause these false ratcheting strains and describe practical methods for distinguishing a ratcheting from a non-ratcheting response.},

doi = {10.1115/PVP2018-84102},

journal = {},

number = ,

volume = ,

place = {United States},

year = {2019},

month = {1}

}