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Title: A Review on Low-Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting: Materials, Methods and Devices

Abstract

Combined rejected and naturally available heat constitute an enormous energy resource that remains mostly untapped. Thermal energy harvesting can provide a cost-effective and reliable way to convert available heat into mechanical motion or electricity. This extensive review analyzes the literature covering broad topical areas under solid-state low temperature thermal energy harvesting. These topics include thermoelectricity, pyroelectricity, thermomagneticity, and thermoelasticity. For each topical area, a detailed discussion is provided comprising of basic physics, working principle, performance characteristics, state-of-the-art materials, and current generation devices. Technical advancements reported in the literature are utilized to analyze the performance, identify the challenges, and provide guidance for material and mechanism selection. The review provides a detailed analysis of advantages and disadvantages of each energy harvesting mechanism, which will provide guidance towards designing a hybrid thermal energy harvester that can overcome various limitations of the individual mechanism.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
  2. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Virginal Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1510296
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-06ER46290
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1944
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; thermoelectric; pyroelectric; thermomagnetic; thermoelastic

Citation Formats

Kishore, Ravi, and Priya, Shashank. A Review on Low-Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting: Materials, Methods and Devices. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/ma11081433.
Kishore, Ravi, & Priya, Shashank. A Review on Low-Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting: Materials, Methods and Devices. United States. doi:10.3390/ma11081433.
Kishore, Ravi, and Priya, Shashank. Tue . "A Review on Low-Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting: Materials, Methods and Devices". United States. doi:10.3390/ma11081433. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1510296.
@article{osti_1510296,
title = {A Review on Low-Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting: Materials, Methods and Devices},
author = {Kishore, Ravi and Priya, Shashank},
abstractNote = {Combined rejected and naturally available heat constitute an enormous energy resource that remains mostly untapped. Thermal energy harvesting can provide a cost-effective and reliable way to convert available heat into mechanical motion or electricity. This extensive review analyzes the literature covering broad topical areas under solid-state low temperature thermal energy harvesting. These topics include thermoelectricity, pyroelectricity, thermomagneticity, and thermoelasticity. For each topical area, a detailed discussion is provided comprising of basic physics, working principle, performance characteristics, state-of-the-art materials, and current generation devices. Technical advancements reported in the literature are utilized to analyze the performance, identify the challenges, and provide guidance for material and mechanism selection. The review provides a detailed analysis of advantages and disadvantages of each energy harvesting mechanism, which will provide guidance towards designing a hybrid thermal energy harvester that can overcome various limitations of the individual mechanism.},
doi = {10.3390/ma11081433},
journal = {Materials},
issn = {1996-1944},
number = 8,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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