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Title: Carbon-Based Metal-Free ORR Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells: Past, Present, and Future

Abstract

Replacing precious platinum with earth-abundant materials in fuel cells for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) has been the objective worldwide for several decades. In last ten years, the carbon-based metal-free ORR electrocatalysts is the fastest-growing branch in this area. Great progresses have been made in promoting the performance and understanding the underlying ORR process. This article presents a comprehensive review of this filed by emphasizing on the emerging issues such as the design and controllable construction of porous structures and doping configurations, mechanistic understanding from the model catalysts and the combined experimental and theoretical studies, and more importantly, the performance evaluation in a full cell. Centering these topics, the most up-to-date results are presented, along with the remarks and perspectives for the future development of carbon-based metal-free ORR electrocatalysts.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Key Laboratory of Mesoscopic Chemistry of MOE and Jiangsu Provincial Lab for NanotechnologySchool of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringNanjing University Nanjing 210023 China
  2. School of Materials Science and EngineeringBeihang University Beijing 100083 China
  3. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland WA 99352 USA
  4. Department of Macromolecular Science and EngineeringCase Western Reserve University 10900 Euclid Avenue Cleveland OH 44106 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1508290
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-135987
Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Yang, Lijun, Shui, Jianglan, Du, Lei, Shao, Yuyan, Liu, Jun, Dai, Liming, and Hu, Zheng. Carbon-Based Metal-Free ORR Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells: Past, Present, and Future. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/adma.201804799.
Yang, Lijun, Shui, Jianglan, Du, Lei, Shao, Yuyan, Liu, Jun, Dai, Liming, & Hu, Zheng. Carbon-Based Metal-Free ORR Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells: Past, Present, and Future. United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201804799.
Yang, Lijun, Shui, Jianglan, Du, Lei, Shao, Yuyan, Liu, Jun, Dai, Liming, and Hu, Zheng. Sun . "Carbon-Based Metal-Free ORR Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells: Past, Present, and Future". United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201804799.
@article{osti_1508290,
title = {Carbon-Based Metal-Free ORR Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells: Past, Present, and Future},
author = {Yang, Lijun and Shui, Jianglan and Du, Lei and Shao, Yuyan and Liu, Jun and Dai, Liming and Hu, Zheng},
abstractNote = {Replacing precious platinum with earth-abundant materials in fuel cells for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) has been the objective worldwide for several decades. In last ten years, the carbon-based metal-free ORR electrocatalysts is the fastest-growing branch in this area. Great progresses have been made in promoting the performance and understanding the underlying ORR process. This article presents a comprehensive review of this filed by emphasizing on the emerging issues such as the design and controllable construction of porous structures and doping configurations, mechanistic understanding from the model catalysts and the combined experimental and theoretical studies, and more importantly, the performance evaluation in a full cell. Centering these topics, the most up-to-date results are presented, along with the remarks and perspectives for the future development of carbon-based metal-free ORR electrocatalysts.},
doi = {10.1002/adma.201804799},
journal = {Advanced Materials},
issn = {0935-9648},
number = 13,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}