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Title: Spin freezing into a disordered state in CaFeT i 2 O 6 synthesized under high pressure

Abstract

Double perovskites exhibit a variety of interesting phenomena due to numerous combinations of cation orderings and distortions. CaMnTi 2O 6 and CaFeTi 2O 6 are the only two discovered double perovskites that have the columnar type A-site ordering associated with the a +a +c titling system. The former perovskite, synthesized recently, has a polar structure below T c and shows an unusual ferroelectricity. The latter, while synthesized decades ago, received less investigation. Here, we have synthesized CaFeTi 2O 6 under high pressure and carried out thorough characterizations through measurements of x-ray powder diffraction (XRD), second harmonic generation (SHG), dc and ac magnetization, Mössbauer spectra, resistivity, thermoelectric power, and specific heat. Although the structural refinement of the XRD pattern cannot distinguish two possible tetragonal phases, SHG measurements help to rule out the possibility of a polar structure observed in CaMnTi 2O 6. Fitting the paramagnetic susceptibility to a Curie-Weiss law gives a negligible Weiss constant. The weak exchange interaction gives way to a dipole-dipole interaction and single-ion anisotropy. An anomaly at 1.2 K in the specific heat is too broad for a magnetic transition, but suggestive of a spin-ice-like state as in the pyrochlores. Mössbauer spectroscopy shows two distinct ironmore » sites, as expected for the crystal structure. Both sites are occupied by high-spin Fe 2+ as indicated by the isomer shift. The sharply different temperature dependence of the quadrupole splitting at the two iron sites can be well explained based on the local structural distortions from the refinement of XRD patterns. In conclusion, the line broadening associated with long spin-relaxation times is observed at 6 K as the spin freezing transition is approached from high temperatures.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [5];  [5];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (United States)
  2. Tel Aviv Univ., Tel Aviv (Israel)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1507870
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1462796
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; DMR-1729588; F-1066; F-1038; 11574377; 2018YFA0305700; QYZDB-SSW-SLH013; XDB07020100
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 98; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Li, Xiang, Xu, W. M., McGuire, Michael A., Cho, Yujin, Downer, M. C., Wan, Y., Li, X. Y., Li, Z. Y., Cui, Q., Cheng, J. -G., Goodenough, J. B., and Zhou, J. -S. Spin freezing into a disordered state in CaFeTi2O6 synthesized under high pressure. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.98.064201.
Li, Xiang, Xu, W. M., McGuire, Michael A., Cho, Yujin, Downer, M. C., Wan, Y., Li, X. Y., Li, Z. Y., Cui, Q., Cheng, J. -G., Goodenough, J. B., & Zhou, J. -S. Spin freezing into a disordered state in CaFeTi2O6 synthesized under high pressure. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.98.064201.
Li, Xiang, Xu, W. M., McGuire, Michael A., Cho, Yujin, Downer, M. C., Wan, Y., Li, X. Y., Li, Z. Y., Cui, Q., Cheng, J. -G., Goodenough, J. B., and Zhou, J. -S. Fri . "Spin freezing into a disordered state in CaFeTi2O6 synthesized under high pressure". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.98.064201. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1507870.
@article{osti_1507870,
title = {Spin freezing into a disordered state in CaFeTi2O6 synthesized under high pressure},
author = {Li, Xiang and Xu, W. M. and McGuire, Michael A. and Cho, Yujin and Downer, M. C. and Wan, Y. and Li, X. Y. and Li, Z. Y. and Cui, Q. and Cheng, J. -G. and Goodenough, J. B. and Zhou, J. -S.},
abstractNote = {Double perovskites exhibit a variety of interesting phenomena due to numerous combinations of cation orderings and distortions. CaMnTi2O6 and CaFeTi2O6 are the only two discovered double perovskites that have the columnar type A-site ordering associated with the a+a+c– titling system. The former perovskite, synthesized recently, has a polar structure below Tc and shows an unusual ferroelectricity. The latter, while synthesized decades ago, received less investigation. Here, we have synthesized CaFeTi2O6 under high pressure and carried out thorough characterizations through measurements of x-ray powder diffraction (XRD), second harmonic generation (SHG), dc and ac magnetization, Mössbauer spectra, resistivity, thermoelectric power, and specific heat. Although the structural refinement of the XRD pattern cannot distinguish two possible tetragonal phases, SHG measurements help to rule out the possibility of a polar structure observed in CaMnTi2O6. Fitting the paramagnetic susceptibility to a Curie-Weiss law gives a negligible Weiss constant. The weak exchange interaction gives way to a dipole-dipole interaction and single-ion anisotropy. An anomaly at 1.2 K in the specific heat is too broad for a magnetic transition, but suggestive of a spin-ice-like state as in the pyrochlores. Mössbauer spectroscopy shows two distinct iron sites, as expected for the crystal structure. Both sites are occupied by high-spin Fe2+ as indicated by the isomer shift. The sharply different temperature dependence of the quadrupole splitting at the two iron sites can be well explained based on the local structural distortions from the refinement of XRD patterns. In conclusion, the line broadening associated with long spin-relaxation times is observed at 6 K as the spin freezing transition is approached from high temperatures.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.98.064201},
journal = {Physical Review B},
issn = {2469-9950},
number = 6,
volume = 98,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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