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Title: GCAM v5.1: representing the linkages between energy, water, land, climate, and economic systems

Abstract

This paper describes GCAM v5.1, an open source model that represents the linkages between energy, water, land, climate, and economic systems. GCAM is a market equilibrium model, is global in scope, and operates from 1990 to 2100 in 5-year time steps. It can be used to examine, for example, how changes in population, income, or technology cost might alter crop production, energy demand, or water withdrawals, or how changes in one region's demand for energy affect energy, water, and land in other regions. This paper describes the model, including its assumptions, inputs, and outputs. We then use 11 scenarios, varying the socioeconomic and climate policy assumptions, to illustrate the results from the model. The resulting scenarios demonstrate a wide range of potential future energy, water, and land uses. We compare the results from GCAM v5.1 to historical data and to future scenario simulations from earlier versions of GCAM and from other models. Finally, we provide information on how to obtain the model.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1] more »;  [1] « less
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), College Park, MD (United States). Joint Global Change Research Inst.
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), College Park, MD (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1507749
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-137098
Journal ID: ISSN 1991-9603
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geoscientific Model Development (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1991-9603
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Calvin, Katherine, Patel, Pralit, Clarke, Leon, Asrar, Ghassem, Bond-Lamberty, Ben, Cui, Ryna Yiyun, Di Vittorio, Alan, Dorheim, Kalyn, Edmonds, Jae, Hartin, Corinne, Hejazi, Mohamad, Horowitz, Russell, Iyer, Gokul, Kyle, Page, Kim, Sonny, Link, Robert, McJeon, Haewon, Smith, Steven J., Snyder, Abigail, Waldhoff, Stephanie, and Wise, Marshall. GCAM v5.1: representing the linkages between energy, water, land, climate, and economic systems. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-677-2019.
Calvin, Katherine, Patel, Pralit, Clarke, Leon, Asrar, Ghassem, Bond-Lamberty, Ben, Cui, Ryna Yiyun, Di Vittorio, Alan, Dorheim, Kalyn, Edmonds, Jae, Hartin, Corinne, Hejazi, Mohamad, Horowitz, Russell, Iyer, Gokul, Kyle, Page, Kim, Sonny, Link, Robert, McJeon, Haewon, Smith, Steven J., Snyder, Abigail, Waldhoff, Stephanie, & Wise, Marshall. GCAM v5.1: representing the linkages between energy, water, land, climate, and economic systems. United States. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-677-2019.
Calvin, Katherine, Patel, Pralit, Clarke, Leon, Asrar, Ghassem, Bond-Lamberty, Ben, Cui, Ryna Yiyun, Di Vittorio, Alan, Dorheim, Kalyn, Edmonds, Jae, Hartin, Corinne, Hejazi, Mohamad, Horowitz, Russell, Iyer, Gokul, Kyle, Page, Kim, Sonny, Link, Robert, McJeon, Haewon, Smith, Steven J., Snyder, Abigail, Waldhoff, Stephanie, and Wise, Marshall. Fri . "GCAM v5.1: representing the linkages between energy, water, land, climate, and economic systems". United States. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-677-2019. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1507749.
@article{osti_1507749,
title = {GCAM v5.1: representing the linkages between energy, water, land, climate, and economic systems},
author = {Calvin, Katherine and Patel, Pralit and Clarke, Leon and Asrar, Ghassem and Bond-Lamberty, Ben and Cui, Ryna Yiyun and Di Vittorio, Alan and Dorheim, Kalyn and Edmonds, Jae and Hartin, Corinne and Hejazi, Mohamad and Horowitz, Russell and Iyer, Gokul and Kyle, Page and Kim, Sonny and Link, Robert and McJeon, Haewon and Smith, Steven J. and Snyder, Abigail and Waldhoff, Stephanie and Wise, Marshall},
abstractNote = {This paper describes GCAM v5.1, an open source model that represents the linkages between energy, water, land, climate, and economic systems. GCAM is a market equilibrium model, is global in scope, and operates from 1990 to 2100 in 5-year time steps. It can be used to examine, for example, how changes in population, income, or technology cost might alter crop production, energy demand, or water withdrawals, or how changes in one region's demand for energy affect energy, water, and land in other regions. This paper describes the model, including its assumptions, inputs, and outputs. We then use 11 scenarios, varying the socioeconomic and climate policy assumptions, to illustrate the results from the model. The resulting scenarios demonstrate a wide range of potential future energy, water, and land uses. We compare the results from GCAM v5.1 to historical data and to future scenario simulations from earlier versions of GCAM and from other models. Finally, we provide information on how to obtain the model.},
doi = {10.5194/gmd-12-677-2019},
journal = {Geoscientific Model Development (Online)},
issn = {1991-9603},
number = 2,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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