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Title: Plant synthetic biology could drive a revolution in biofuels and medicine

Abstract

Population growth, climate change, and dwindling finite resources are amongst the major challenges which are facing the planet. Requirements for food, materials, water, and energy will soon exceed capacity. Green biotechnology, fueled by recent plant synthetic biology breakthroughs, may offer solutions. This review summarizes current progress towards robust and predictable engineering of plants. I then discuss applications from the lab and field, with a focus on bioenergy, biomaterials, and medicine. Impact statement The plant synthetic biology field has exploded in the last five years, in part driven by techniques such as CRISPR and cheap DNA synthesis. This review summarizes the current state of research in plant synthetic biology, and how it is being applied to two topics: renewable fuels and chemicals, and medicine.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Joint BioEnergy Inst. (JBEI), Emeryville, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1506361
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Experimental Biology and Medicine
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 244; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1535-3702
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Biofuels; gene editing; genetic engineering; plant produced vaccines; plant synthetic biology; renewable chemicals

Citation Formats

Mortimer, Jenny C. Plant synthetic biology could drive a revolution in biofuels and medicine. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1177/1535370218793890.
Mortimer, Jenny C. Plant synthetic biology could drive a revolution in biofuels and medicine. United States. doi:10.1177/1535370218793890.
Mortimer, Jenny C. Mon . "Plant synthetic biology could drive a revolution in biofuels and medicine". United States. doi:10.1177/1535370218793890. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1506361.
@article{osti_1506361,
title = {Plant synthetic biology could drive a revolution in biofuels and medicine},
author = {Mortimer, Jenny C.},
abstractNote = {Population growth, climate change, and dwindling finite resources are amongst the major challenges which are facing the planet. Requirements for food, materials, water, and energy will soon exceed capacity. Green biotechnology, fueled by recent plant synthetic biology breakthroughs, may offer solutions. This review summarizes current progress towards robust and predictable engineering of plants. I then discuss applications from the lab and field, with a focus on bioenergy, biomaterials, and medicine. Impact statement The plant synthetic biology field has exploded in the last five years, in part driven by techniques such as CRISPR and cheap DNA synthesis. This review summarizes the current state of research in plant synthetic biology, and how it is being applied to two topics: renewable fuels and chemicals, and medicine.},
doi = {10.1177/1535370218793890},
journal = {Experimental Biology and Medicine},
issn = {1535-3702},
number = 4,
volume = 244,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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