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Title: Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with Low-Pt Content

Abstract

Widespread commercialization of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) relies on further reduction of PGM (platinum group metals) usage. Although enhancements in the activity and stability of the catalyst are necessary, those alone are insufficient. In a fuel cell with low PGM content, transport of reactants (oxygen and protons) to a small area of catalyst can cause large performance loss at high power. Because it is this high-power point that determines the required fuel cell area, these losses drive up the size, and thus the cost, of the fuel cell stack. This entry discusses fuel cell cost reduction with special focus on the challenges and opportunity associated with Pt reduction.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. General Motors Global Propulsion Systems Pontiac, Pontiac, MI (United States). Fuel Cell Business
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
General Motors Global Propulsion Systems Pontiac, Pontiac, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
OSTI Identifier:
1504262
DOE Contract Number:  
EE0007271
Resource Type:
Other
Journal Name:
Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Production. Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series
Additional Journal Information:
Related Information: 978-1-4939-7788-8
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Kongkanand, Anusorn, Gu, Wenbin, and Mathias, Mark F. Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with Low-Pt Content. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-7789-5_1022.
Kongkanand, Anusorn, Gu, Wenbin, & Mathias, Mark F. Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with Low-Pt Content. United States. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-7789-5_1022.
Kongkanand, Anusorn, Gu, Wenbin, and Mathias, Mark F. Sun . "Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with Low-Pt Content". United States. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-7789-5_1022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1504262.
@article{osti_1504262,
title = {Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells with Low-Pt Content},
author = {Kongkanand, Anusorn and Gu, Wenbin and Mathias, Mark F.},
abstractNote = {Widespread commercialization of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) relies on further reduction of PGM (platinum group metals) usage. Although enhancements in the activity and stability of the catalyst are necessary, those alone are insufficient. In a fuel cell with low PGM content, transport of reactants (oxygen and protons) to a small area of catalyst can cause large performance loss at high power. Because it is this high-power point that determines the required fuel cell area, these losses drive up the size, and thus the cost, of the fuel cell stack. This entry discusses fuel cell cost reduction with special focus on the challenges and opportunity associated with Pt reduction.},
doi = {10.1007/978-1-4939-7789-5_1022},
journal = {Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Production. Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology Series},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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