skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Search for a low-energy excess of electron neutrinos in MicroBooNE

Abstract

The Micro Booster Neutrino Experiment (MicroBooNE) is a Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LArTPC) designed for short-baseline neutrino physics at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. The main physics goal of MicroBooNE is to address the low-energy excess of electron-like events observed by the MiniBooNE experiment and, if confirmed, clarify its nature. The MiniBooNE experiment is a Cherenkov detector and this technology does not allow to distinguish between electrons and single photons in the final state. LArTPC detectors, instead, offer excellent granularity and powerful separation between electrons and photons. For this reason, they represent an ideal technology for the detection of electron neutrino interactions. This thesis presents the first fully-automated electron neutrino selection in a LArTPC. The selection looks for charged-current electron neutrino interactions with no pions and at least one proton in the final state. It is applied on a sub-sample of the data acquired by the detector in the Booster Neutrino Beam, corresponding to $$4.34\times10^{19}$$~protons-on-target. A validation of the analysis is performed on two orthogonal side-bands, enriched with neutral-current and charged-current muon neutrino interactions, respectively. The uncertainties on the neutrino cross sections, flux, and detector simulation are evaluated. The MicroBooNE detector is placed off-axis with the Neutrinos at the Main Injector (NuMI) beam. An independent dataset of events acquired by triggering on the NuMI beam is employed to measure the significance of the detection of electron neutrinos in the beam using the selection presented here. The sensitivity of the MicroBooNE experiment to the MiniBooNE low-energy excess of electron-like events is evaluated. The efficiency and background-rejection power necessary to achieve $$5\sigma$$ sensitivity are also quantified.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Oxford U.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1502821
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-THESIS-2019-04
1726091
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Soleti, Stefano Roberto. Search for a low-energy excess of electron neutrinos in MicroBooNE. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1502821.
Soleti, Stefano Roberto. Search for a low-energy excess of electron neutrinos in MicroBooNE. United States. doi:10.2172/1502821.
Soleti, Stefano Roberto. Tue . "Search for a low-energy excess of electron neutrinos in MicroBooNE". United States. doi:10.2172/1502821. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1502821.
@article{osti_1502821,
title = {Search for a low-energy excess of electron neutrinos in MicroBooNE},
author = {Soleti, Stefano Roberto},
abstractNote = {The Micro Booster Neutrino Experiment (MicroBooNE) is a Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LArTPC) designed for short-baseline neutrino physics at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. The main physics goal of MicroBooNE is to address the low-energy excess of electron-like events observed by the MiniBooNE experiment and, if confirmed, clarify its nature. The MiniBooNE experiment is a Cherenkov detector and this technology does not allow to distinguish between electrons and single photons in the final state. LArTPC detectors, instead, offer excellent granularity and powerful separation between electrons and photons. For this reason, they represent an ideal technology for the detection of electron neutrino interactions. This thesis presents the first fully-automated electron neutrino selection in a LArTPC. The selection looks for charged-current electron neutrino interactions with no pions and at least one proton in the final state. It is applied on a sub-sample of the data acquired by the detector in the Booster Neutrino Beam, corresponding to $4.34\times10^{19}$~protons-on-target. A validation of the analysis is performed on two orthogonal side-bands, enriched with neutral-current and charged-current muon neutrino interactions, respectively. The uncertainties on the neutrino cross sections, flux, and detector simulation are evaluated. The MicroBooNE detector is placed off-axis with the Neutrinos at the Main Injector (NuMI) beam. An independent dataset of events acquired by triggering on the NuMI beam is employed to measure the significance of the detection of electron neutrinos in the beam using the selection presented here. The sensitivity of the MicroBooNE experiment to the MiniBooNE low-energy excess of electron-like events is evaluated. The efficiency and background-rejection power necessary to achieve $5\sigma$ sensitivity are also quantified.},
doi = {10.2172/1502821},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this thesis or dissertation.

Save / Share: