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Title: Distributed Cooperative Control of Wind Farms with On-Site Battery Energy Storage Systems

Abstract

This chapter studies the output power regulation in wind farms consisting of doubly-fed induction generator wind turbines, one of the most popular generator configurations in modern multi-MW wind industry, equipped with on-site battery energy storage systems. Traditionally, wind farms were operated as standalone units or were equipped with a central, large-scale, energy storage system. In fact, most of the existing control designs for hybrid wind-storage applications are centralized, where the central unit collects the measured data from all wind turbines and storage systems (if they exist) and compares with the load demand to generate the reference power for each wind turbine controller. Those centralized setups or control structures do not fully exploit the flexibility and locality of the on-site energy storage systems in a wind farm. Moreover, the storage functionality is lost if the central storage system is broken down, while in a distributed architecture, a failure only affects individual on-site storage systems and the others will still operate. Therefore, on-site storage systems and distributed control designs need to be developed for wind farms to provide regulation services for the grid. An approach to tackle that challenge will be presented in this chapter.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Kyushu University
  2. Penn State Harrisburg
  3. Pennsylvania State University
  4. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
OSTI Identifier:
1502787
Report Number(s):
NREL/CH-5000-72431
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Book
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; distributed control; battery storage; wind farms

Citation Formats

Hguyen, Dinh Hoa, Khazaei, Javad, Stewart, Susan W., and Annoni, Jennifer R. Distributed Cooperative Control of Wind Farms with On-Site Battery Energy Storage Systems. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-5995-8_2.
Hguyen, Dinh Hoa, Khazaei, Javad, Stewart, Susan W., & Annoni, Jennifer R. Distributed Cooperative Control of Wind Farms with On-Site Battery Energy Storage Systems. United States. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-5995-8_2.
Hguyen, Dinh Hoa, Khazaei, Javad, Stewart, Susan W., and Annoni, Jennifer R. Fri . "Distributed Cooperative Control of Wind Farms with On-Site Battery Energy Storage Systems". United States. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-5995-8_2.
@article{osti_1502787,
title = {Distributed Cooperative Control of Wind Farms with On-Site Battery Energy Storage Systems},
author = {Hguyen, Dinh Hoa and Khazaei, Javad and Stewart, Susan W. and Annoni, Jennifer R},
abstractNote = {This chapter studies the output power regulation in wind farms consisting of doubly-fed induction generator wind turbines, one of the most popular generator configurations in modern multi-MW wind industry, equipped with on-site battery energy storage systems. Traditionally, wind farms were operated as standalone units or were equipped with a central, large-scale, energy storage system. In fact, most of the existing control designs for hybrid wind-storage applications are centralized, where the central unit collects the measured data from all wind turbines and storage systems (if they exist) and compares with the load demand to generate the reference power for each wind turbine controller. Those centralized setups or control structures do not fully exploit the flexibility and locality of the on-site energy storage systems in a wind farm. Moreover, the storage functionality is lost if the central storage system is broken down, while in a distributed architecture, a failure only affects individual on-site storage systems and the others will still operate. Therefore, on-site storage systems and distributed control designs need to be developed for wind farms to provide regulation services for the grid. An approach to tackle that challenge will be presented in this chapter.},
doi = {10.1007/978-981-13-5995-8_2},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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