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Title: Quantum cascade laser-based analyzer for hydrogen sulfide detection at sub-parts-per-million levels

Abstract

Due to its high toxicity, monitoring of hydrogen sulfide (H 2S) concentration is essential in many industrial sites (such as natural gas extraction sites, petroleum refineries, geothermal power plants, or waste water treatment facilities), which require sub-parts-per-million sensitivities. We report on a quantum cascade laserbased spectroscopic system for detection of H 2S in the midinfrared at ~7.2 μm. We present a sensor design utilizing Herriott multipass cell and a wavelength modulation spectroscopy to achieve a detection limit of 140 parts per billion for 1-s integration time.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Wroclaw Research Centre EIT+, Wroclaw (Poland). Laser Sensing Lab.; Wroclaw Univ. of Science and Technology, Wroclaw (Poland). Dept. of Optics and Photonics, Faculty of Fundamental Problems of Technology
  2. Wroclaw Univ. of Science and Technology, Wroclaw (Poland). Laser and Fiber Electronics Group
  3. Wroclaw Research Centre EIT+, Wroclaw (Poland). Laser Sensing Lab.
  4. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Electrical Engineering Dept.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
International Business Machines Corporation, Yorktown Heights, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E); Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education; National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR)
OSTI Identifier:
1502477
Grant/Contract Number:  
AR0000540
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Optical Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 01; Journal ID: ISSN 0091-3286
Publisher:
SPIE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; molecular spectroscopy; laser spectroscopy; wavelength modulation spectroscopy; quantum cascade laser; hydrogen sulfide

Citation Formats

Nikodem, Michal, Krzempek, Karol, Stachowiak, Dorota, and Wysocki, Gerard. Quantum cascade laser-based analyzer for hydrogen sulfide detection at sub-parts-per-million levels. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1117/1.oe.57.1.011019.
Nikodem, Michal, Krzempek, Karol, Stachowiak, Dorota, & Wysocki, Gerard. Quantum cascade laser-based analyzer for hydrogen sulfide detection at sub-parts-per-million levels. United States. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.oe.57.1.011019
Nikodem, Michal, Krzempek, Karol, Stachowiak, Dorota, and Wysocki, Gerard. Wed . "Quantum cascade laser-based analyzer for hydrogen sulfide detection at sub-parts-per-million levels". United States. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.oe.57.1.011019. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1502477.
@article{osti_1502477,
title = {Quantum cascade laser-based analyzer for hydrogen sulfide detection at sub-parts-per-million levels},
author = {Nikodem, Michal and Krzempek, Karol and Stachowiak, Dorota and Wysocki, Gerard},
abstractNote = {Due to its high toxicity, monitoring of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) concentration is essential in many industrial sites (such as natural gas extraction sites, petroleum refineries, geothermal power plants, or waste water treatment facilities), which require sub-parts-per-million sensitivities. We report on a quantum cascade laserbased spectroscopic system for detection of H2S in the midinfrared at ~7.2 μm. We present a sensor design utilizing Herriott multipass cell and a wavelength modulation spectroscopy to achieve a detection limit of 140 parts per billion for 1-s integration time.},
doi = {10.1117/1.oe.57.1.011019},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1502477}, journal = {Optical Engineering},
issn = {0091-3286},
number = 01,
volume = 57,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1 : (a) Infrared absorption spectrum of H 2S based on HITRAN database. Near-infrared band (typically used for optical-based H 2S detection) and spectral region explored in this work (at ∼7.2 μm) are indicated. (b) Line intensities for three molecules: hydrogen sulfide, methane, and water vapor. The chosen transitionmore » at ∼1389.3 cm −1 is ∼4 to 5 times stronger comparing to absorption lines in the near-infrared and has relatively small interference from other gases.« less

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Works referenced in this record:

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journal, April 1996


Chirped Laser Dispersion Spectroscopy for Remote Open-Path Trace-Gas Sensing
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Implementation of a quantum cascade laser-based gas sensor prototype for sub-ppmv H2S measurements in a petrochemical process gas stream
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The infrared spectrum of H 2 S from 1 to 5 μm
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A compact QCL based methane and nitrous oxide sensor for environmental and medical applications
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A quantum cascade laser-based water vapor isotope analyzer for environmental monitoring
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H2S and CO2 gas sensing using DFB laser diodes emitting at 1.57 μm
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Fiber-Amplifier-Enhanced QEPAS Sensor for Simultaneous Trace Gas Detection of NH3 and H2S
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Shot-noise Limited Faraday Rotation Spectroscopy for Detection of Nitric Oxide Isotopes in Breath, Urine and Blood
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Widely-tunable mid-infrared fiber-coupled quartz-enhanced photoacoustic sensor for environmental monitoring
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A quartz-enhanced photoacoustic sensor for H2S trace-gas detection at 2.6 μm
journal, December 2014


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Simultaneous monitoring of 32 S, 33 S and 34 S isotopes of H 2 S using cavity ring-down spectroscopy with a mid-infrared external-cavity quantum cascade laser
    journal, January 2019


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.