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Title: Analysis of Alfven eigenmode destabilization in DIII-D high poloidal β discharges using a Landau closure model

Abstract

Alfvén Eigenmodes are destabilized at the DIII-D pedestal during transient beta drops in high poloidal β discharges with internal transport barriers (ITBs), driven by n = 1 external kink modes, leading to energetic particle losses. There are two different scenarios in the thermal β recovery phase: with bifurcation (two instability branches with different frequencies) or without bifurcation (single instability branch). Here, we use the reduced MHD equations in a full 3D system, coupled with equations of density and parallel velocity moments for the energetic particles as well as the geodesic acoustic wave dynamics, to study the properties of the instabilities observed in the DIII-D high poloidal β discharges and identify the conditions to trigger the bifurcation. The simulations suggest that instabilities with lower frequency in the bifurcation case are ballooning modes driven at the plasma pedestal, while the instability branch with higher frequencies are low n (n < 4) Toroidal Alfvén Eigenmodes nearby the pedestal. The reverse shear region between the middle and plasma periphery in the non-bifurcated case avoids the excitation of ballooning modes at the pedestal, although Toroidal Alfvén Eigenmodes and Reverse Shear Alfvén Eigenmodes are unstable in the reverse shear region. The n = 1 and nmore » = 2 Alfvén Eigenmode activity can be suppressed or minimized if the neutral beam injector (NBI) intensity is lower than the experimental value (β f < 0:03). Finally, in addition, if the beam energy or neutral beam injector voltage is lower than in the experiment (Vth, f/V A0 < 0.2), the resonance between beam and thermal plasma is weaker. The n = 3, 4, 5 and 6 AE activity can't be fully suppressed, although the growth rate and frequency is smaller for an optimized neutral beam injector operation regime. In conclusion, AE activity in high poloidal β discharges can be minimized for optimized NBI operation regimes.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [4];  [3];  [5];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [3];  [6];  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Univ.Carlos III de Madrid, Madrid (Spain)
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Hefei (China). Inst. of Plasma Physics
  4. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  5. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  6. Oak Ridge Associated Univ., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1502036
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1460970; OSTI ID: 1474709
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-752149
Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515; 899851
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; FC02-04ER54698; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Varela, J., Spong, D. A., Garcia, L., Huang, J., Murakami, M., Garofalo, A. M., Qian, J. P., Holcomb, C. T., Hyatt, A. W., Ferron, J. R., Collins, C. S., Ren, Q. L., McClenaghan, J., and Guo, W. Analysis of Alfven eigenmode destabilization in DIII-D high poloidal β discharges using a Landau closure model. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aac33f.
Varela, J., Spong, D. A., Garcia, L., Huang, J., Murakami, M., Garofalo, A. M., Qian, J. P., Holcomb, C. T., Hyatt, A. W., Ferron, J. R., Collins, C. S., Ren, Q. L., McClenaghan, J., & Guo, W. Analysis of Alfven eigenmode destabilization in DIII-D high poloidal β discharges using a Landau closure model. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-4326/aac33f
Varela, J., Spong, D. A., Garcia, L., Huang, J., Murakami, M., Garofalo, A. M., Qian, J. P., Holcomb, C. T., Hyatt, A. W., Ferron, J. R., Collins, C. S., Ren, Q. L., McClenaghan, J., and Guo, W. Fri . "Analysis of Alfven eigenmode destabilization in DIII-D high poloidal β discharges using a Landau closure model". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-4326/aac33f. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1502036.
@article{osti_1502036,
title = {Analysis of Alfven eigenmode destabilization in DIII-D high poloidal β discharges using a Landau closure model},
author = {Varela, J. and Spong, D. A. and Garcia, L. and Huang, J. and Murakami, M. and Garofalo, A. M. and Qian, J. P. and Holcomb, C. T. and Hyatt, A. W. and Ferron, J. R. and Collins, C. S. and Ren, Q. L. and McClenaghan, J. and Guo, W.},
abstractNote = {Alfvén Eigenmodes are destabilized at the DIII-D pedestal during transient beta drops in high poloidal β discharges with internal transport barriers (ITBs), driven by n = 1 external kink modes, leading to energetic particle losses. There are two different scenarios in the thermal β recovery phase: with bifurcation (two instability branches with different frequencies) or without bifurcation (single instability branch). Here, we use the reduced MHD equations in a full 3D system, coupled with equations of density and parallel velocity moments for the energetic particles as well as the geodesic acoustic wave dynamics, to study the properties of the instabilities observed in the DIII-D high poloidal β discharges and identify the conditions to trigger the bifurcation. The simulations suggest that instabilities with lower frequency in the bifurcation case are ballooning modes driven at the plasma pedestal, while the instability branch with higher frequencies are low n (n < 4) Toroidal Alfvén Eigenmodes nearby the pedestal. The reverse shear region between the middle and plasma periphery in the non-bifurcated case avoids the excitation of ballooning modes at the pedestal, although Toroidal Alfvén Eigenmodes and Reverse Shear Alfvén Eigenmodes are unstable in the reverse shear region. The n = 1 and n = 2 Alfvén Eigenmode activity can be suppressed or minimized if the neutral beam injector (NBI) intensity is lower than the experimental value (βf < 0:03). Finally, in addition, if the beam energy or neutral beam injector voltage is lower than in the experiment (Vth,f/VA0 < 0.2), the resonance between beam and thermal plasma is weaker. The n = 3, 4, 5 and 6 AE activity can't be fully suppressed, although the growth rate and frequency is smaller for an optimized neutral beam injector operation regime. In conclusion, AE activity in high poloidal β discharges can be minimized for optimized NBI operation regimes.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/aac33f},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1502036}, journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
issn = {0029-5515},
number = 7,
volume = 58,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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Direct Observation of the Structure of Global Alfvén Eigenmodes in a Tokamak Plasma
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Subdominant modes and optimization trends of DIII-D reverse magnetic shear configurations
    journal, February 2019