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Title: Accessing the Inaccessible: The Case for Opening up Russia's Closed Cities

Abstract

The selling of weapons-related nuclear knowledge by Russian scientists for economic gain constitutes a threat to US national security. Some estimate that the number of Russian scientists seeking permanent employment abroad constitute five to ten percent of all researchers who have left the field of science. And, there is concern that those who have left are ''the better minds.'' Moreover, the issue of brain drain concerns not only those who move abroad permanently, but those who still reside in Russia and travel abroad to sell their knowledge. Of particular concern to the US is the potential sale of WMD knowledge by some. To ''mitigate the risk that economic difficulties...might create the temptation for individuals or institutes to sell expertise to countries of proliferation concern and terrorist organizations,'' the Department of Energy launched a Nuclear Cities Initiative (NCI) in 1998 with the goal of creating commercial jobs and economic diversification in the ten closed cities that form the core of Russia's nuclear weapons complex to accommodate the loss of employment in the nuclear weapons industry. However, unless Russia opens access to the areas of its closed cities that are, or could become, involved in commercial activities-while of course carefully controlling accessmore » to the sensitive areas of the institutes and laboratories-economic development will be stymied.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
15013285
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JC-143097
TRN: US200802%%1183
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Policy Workshop, Moscow, Russia, May 28 - May 29, 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; DIVERSIFICATION; ECONOMICS; EMPLOYMENT; NATIONAL SECURITY; NUCLEAR WEAPONS; OPENINGS; PROLIFERATION

Citation Formats

Ball, D Y. Accessing the Inaccessible: The Case for Opening up Russia's Closed Cities. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
Ball, D Y. Accessing the Inaccessible: The Case for Opening up Russia's Closed Cities. United States.
Ball, D Y. Wed . "Accessing the Inaccessible: The Case for Opening up Russia's Closed Cities". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/15013285.
@article{osti_15013285,
title = {Accessing the Inaccessible: The Case for Opening up Russia's Closed Cities},
author = {Ball, D Y},
abstractNote = {The selling of weapons-related nuclear knowledge by Russian scientists for economic gain constitutes a threat to US national security. Some estimate that the number of Russian scientists seeking permanent employment abroad constitute five to ten percent of all researchers who have left the field of science. And, there is concern that those who have left are ''the better minds.'' Moreover, the issue of brain drain concerns not only those who move abroad permanently, but those who still reside in Russia and travel abroad to sell their knowledge. Of particular concern to the US is the potential sale of WMD knowledge by some. To ''mitigate the risk that economic difficulties...might create the temptation for individuals or institutes to sell expertise to countries of proliferation concern and terrorist organizations,'' the Department of Energy launched a Nuclear Cities Initiative (NCI) in 1998 with the goal of creating commercial jobs and economic diversification in the ten closed cities that form the core of Russia's nuclear weapons complex to accommodate the loss of employment in the nuclear weapons industry. However, unless Russia opens access to the areas of its closed cities that are, or could become, involved in commercial activities-while of course carefully controlling access to the sensitive areas of the institutes and laboratories-economic development will be stymied.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/15013285}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {3}
}

Conference:
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