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Title: EVALUATION OF FLAT-PLATE PHOTOVOLTAIC THERMAL HYBRID SYSTEMS FOR SOLAR ENERGY UTILIZATION.

Abstract

The technical and economic attractiveness of combined photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) solar energy collectors was evaluated. The study was limited to flat-plate collectors since concentrating photovoltaic collectors require active cooling and thus are inherently PV/T collectors, the only decision being whether to use the thermal energy or to dump it. it was also specified at the outset that reduction in required roof area was not to be used as an argument for combining the collection of thermal and electrical energy into one module. Three tests of economic viability were identified, all of which PV/T must pass if it is to be considered a promising alternative: PV/T must prove to be competitive with photovoltaic-only, thermal-only, and side-by-side photovoltaic-plus-thermal collectors and systems. These three tests were applied to systems using low-temperature (unglazed) collectors and to systems using medium-temperature (glazed) collectors in Los Angeles, New York, and Tampa. For photovoltaics, the 1986 DOE cost goals were assumed to have been realized, and for thermal energy collection two technologies were considered: a current technology based on metal and glass, and a future technology based on thin-film plastics. The study showed that for medium-temperature applications PV/T is not an attractive option in any of the locations studied.more » For low-temperature applications, PV/T appears to be marginally attractive.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
DOE/SC (US)
OSTI Identifier:
15006635
Report Number(s):
BNL-51435
TRN: US200411%%501
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 1981
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; ECONOMICS; EVALUATION; GLASS; HYBRID SYSTEMS; LOS ANGELES; NEW YORK; PLASTICS; ROOFS; SOLAR ENERGY; VIABILITY

Citation Formats

ANDREWS, J W. EVALUATION OF FLAT-PLATE PHOTOVOLTAIC THERMAL HYBRID SYSTEMS FOR SOLAR ENERGY UTILIZATION.. United States: N. p., 1981. Web. doi:10.2172/15006635.
ANDREWS, J W. EVALUATION OF FLAT-PLATE PHOTOVOLTAIC THERMAL HYBRID SYSTEMS FOR SOLAR ENERGY UTILIZATION.. United States. doi:10.2172/15006635.
ANDREWS, J W. Mon . "EVALUATION OF FLAT-PLATE PHOTOVOLTAIC THERMAL HYBRID SYSTEMS FOR SOLAR ENERGY UTILIZATION.". United States. doi:10.2172/15006635. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/15006635.
@article{osti_15006635,
title = {EVALUATION OF FLAT-PLATE PHOTOVOLTAIC THERMAL HYBRID SYSTEMS FOR SOLAR ENERGY UTILIZATION.},
author = {ANDREWS, J W},
abstractNote = {The technical and economic attractiveness of combined photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) solar energy collectors was evaluated. The study was limited to flat-plate collectors since concentrating photovoltaic collectors require active cooling and thus are inherently PV/T collectors, the only decision being whether to use the thermal energy or to dump it. it was also specified at the outset that reduction in required roof area was not to be used as an argument for combining the collection of thermal and electrical energy into one module. Three tests of economic viability were identified, all of which PV/T must pass if it is to be considered a promising alternative: PV/T must prove to be competitive with photovoltaic-only, thermal-only, and side-by-side photovoltaic-plus-thermal collectors and systems. These three tests were applied to systems using low-temperature (unglazed) collectors and to systems using medium-temperature (glazed) collectors in Los Angeles, New York, and Tampa. For photovoltaics, the 1986 DOE cost goals were assumed to have been realized, and for thermal energy collection two technologies were considered: a current technology based on metal and glass, and a future technology based on thin-film plastics. The study showed that for medium-temperature applications PV/T is not an attractive option in any of the locations studied. For low-temperature applications, PV/T appears to be marginally attractive.},
doi = {10.2172/15006635},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1981},
month = {6}
}

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