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Title: Progress in safety and environmental aspects of inertial fusion energy at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Abstract

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is making significant progress in several areas related to the safety and environmental (S and E) aspects of inertial fusion energy (IFE). A detailed accident analysis has been completed for the HYLIFE-II power plant design. Additional accident analyses are underway for both the HYLIFE-II and Sombrero designs. Other S and E work at LLNL has addressed the issue of the driver-chamber interface and its importance for both heavy-ion and laser-driven IFE. Radiation doses and fluences have been calculated for final focusing mirrors and magnets and shielding optimization is underway to extend the anticipated lifetimes for key components. Target designers/fabrication specialists have been provided with ranking information related to the S and E characteristics of candidate target materials (e.g., ability to recycle, accident consequences, and waste management). Ongoing work in this area will help guide research directions and the selection of target materials. Published and continuing work on fast ignition has demonstrated some of the potentially attractive S and E features of such designs. In addition to reducing total driver energies, fast ignition may ease target fabrication requirements, reduce radiation damage rates, and enable the practical use of advanced (e.g., tritium-lean) labels with significantly reduced neutronmore » production rates, the possibility of self-breeding targets, and dramatically increased flexibility in blanket design. Domestic and international collaborations are key to success in the above areas. A brief summary of each area is given and plans for future work are outlined.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
15005854
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JC-138555
TRN: US0400221
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: International Atomic Energy Agency Technical Committee Meeting, Madrid (ES), 06/07/2000--06/09/2000; Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ACCIDENTS; FABRICATION; MAGNETS; MANAGEMENT; NEUTRONS; OPTIMIZATION; POWER PLANTS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIATIONS; SAFETY; SHIELDING; TARGETS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS; WASTES

Citation Formats

Latkowski, J F, Reyes, S, and Meier, W R. Progress in safety and environmental aspects of inertial fusion energy at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. United States: N. p., 2000. Web.
Latkowski, J F, Reyes, S, & Meier, W R. Progress in safety and environmental aspects of inertial fusion energy at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. United States.
Latkowski, J F, Reyes, S, and Meier, W R. Thu . "Progress in safety and environmental aspects of inertial fusion energy at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/15005854.
@article{osti_15005854,
title = {Progress in safety and environmental aspects of inertial fusion energy at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory},
author = {Latkowski, J F and Reyes, S and Meier, W R},
abstractNote = {Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is making significant progress in several areas related to the safety and environmental (S and E) aspects of inertial fusion energy (IFE). A detailed accident analysis has been completed for the HYLIFE-II power plant design. Additional accident analyses are underway for both the HYLIFE-II and Sombrero designs. Other S and E work at LLNL has addressed the issue of the driver-chamber interface and its importance for both heavy-ion and laser-driven IFE. Radiation doses and fluences have been calculated for final focusing mirrors and magnets and shielding optimization is underway to extend the anticipated lifetimes for key components. Target designers/fabrication specialists have been provided with ranking information related to the S and E characteristics of candidate target materials (e.g., ability to recycle, accident consequences, and waste management). Ongoing work in this area will help guide research directions and the selection of target materials. Published and continuing work on fast ignition has demonstrated some of the potentially attractive S and E features of such designs. In addition to reducing total driver energies, fast ignition may ease target fabrication requirements, reduce radiation damage rates, and enable the practical use of advanced (e.g., tritium-lean) labels with significantly reduced neutron production rates, the possibility of self-breeding targets, and dramatically increased flexibility in blanket design. Domestic and international collaborations are key to success in the above areas. A brief summary of each area is given and plans for future work are outlined.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}

Conference:
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