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Title: Compton Scattering and Its Applications: The PLEIADES Femtosecond X-ray Source at LLNL

Abstract

Remarkable developments in critical technologies including terawatt-class lasers using chirped-pulse amplification, high brightness photoinjectors, high-gradient accelerators, and superconducting linacs make it possible to design and operate compact, tunable, subpicosecond Compton scattering x-ray sources with a wide variety of applications. In such novel radiation sources, the collision between a femtosecond laser pulse and a low emittance relativistic electron bunch in a small ({micro}m{sup 3}) interaction volume produces Doppler-upshifted scattered photons with unique characteristics: the energy is tunable in the 5-500 keV range, the angular divergence of the beam is small (mrad), and the pulses are ultrashort (10 fs - 10 ps). Two main paths are currently being followed in laboratories worldwide: high peak brightness, using ultrahigh intensity femtosecond lasers at modest repetition rates, and high average brightness, using superconducting linac and high average power laser technology at MHz repetition rates. Targeted applications range from x-ray protein crystallography and high contrast medical imaging to femtosecond pump-probe and diffraction experiments. More exotic uses of such sources include the {gamma}-{gamma} collider, NIF backlighting, nonlinear Compton scattering, and high-field QED. Theoretical considerations and experimental results will be discussed within this context.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
15004405
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JC-153189
TRN: US1005158
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: International Workshop on Quantum Aspects of Beam Physics, Hiroshima, Japan, Jan 07 - Jan 10, 2003
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43; 70; ACCELERATORS; AMPLIFICATION; BRIGHTNESS; COMPTON EFFECT; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; DESIGN; DIFFRACTION; ELECTRONS; KEV RANGE; LASERS; LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY; LINEAR ACCELERATORS; PHOTONS; PHYSICS; PROTEINS; RADIATION SOURCES; X-RAY SOURCES

Citation Formats

Hartemann, F V, Brown, W J, Anderson, S G, Barty, C P J, Betts, S M, Booth, R, Crane, J K, Cross, R R, Fittinghoff, D N, Gibson, D J, Kuba, J, Rupp, B, Tremaine, A M, and Springer, P T. Compton Scattering and Its Applications: The PLEIADES Femtosecond X-ray Source at LLNL. United States: N. p., 2003. Web. doi:10.1142/9789812702333_0005.
Hartemann, F V, Brown, W J, Anderson, S G, Barty, C P J, Betts, S M, Booth, R, Crane, J K, Cross, R R, Fittinghoff, D N, Gibson, D J, Kuba, J, Rupp, B, Tremaine, A M, & Springer, P T. Compton Scattering and Its Applications: The PLEIADES Femtosecond X-ray Source at LLNL. United States. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812702333_0005
Hartemann, F V, Brown, W J, Anderson, S G, Barty, C P J, Betts, S M, Booth, R, Crane, J K, Cross, R R, Fittinghoff, D N, Gibson, D J, Kuba, J, Rupp, B, Tremaine, A M, and Springer, P T. Thu . "Compton Scattering and Its Applications: The PLEIADES Femtosecond X-ray Source at LLNL". United States. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812702333_0005. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/15004405.
@article{osti_15004405,
title = {Compton Scattering and Its Applications: The PLEIADES Femtosecond X-ray Source at LLNL},
author = {Hartemann, F V and Brown, W J and Anderson, S G and Barty, C P J and Betts, S M and Booth, R and Crane, J K and Cross, R R and Fittinghoff, D N and Gibson, D J and Kuba, J and Rupp, B and Tremaine, A M and Springer, P T},
abstractNote = {Remarkable developments in critical technologies including terawatt-class lasers using chirped-pulse amplification, high brightness photoinjectors, high-gradient accelerators, and superconducting linacs make it possible to design and operate compact, tunable, subpicosecond Compton scattering x-ray sources with a wide variety of applications. In such novel radiation sources, the collision between a femtosecond laser pulse and a low emittance relativistic electron bunch in a small ({micro}m{sup 3}) interaction volume produces Doppler-upshifted scattered photons with unique characteristics: the energy is tunable in the 5-500 keV range, the angular divergence of the beam is small (mrad), and the pulses are ultrashort (10 fs - 10 ps). Two main paths are currently being followed in laboratories worldwide: high peak brightness, using ultrahigh intensity femtosecond lasers at modest repetition rates, and high average brightness, using superconducting linac and high average power laser technology at MHz repetition rates. Targeted applications range from x-ray protein crystallography and high contrast medical imaging to femtosecond pump-probe and diffraction experiments. More exotic uses of such sources include the {gamma}-{gamma} collider, NIF backlighting, nonlinear Compton scattering, and high-field QED. Theoretical considerations and experimental results will be discussed within this context.},
doi = {10.1142/9789812702333_0005},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/15004405}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {5}
}

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