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Title: Integrated Systems for DNA Sample Preparation and Detection in Environmental Samples

Abstract

Field-portable sensor systems are currently needed for the detection and characterization of biological pathogens in the enviornment. Nucleic acid analysis is frequently the method of choice for discriminating between pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria in environmental samples, however standard protocls are difficult to automate and current microfluidic devices are not configured to analyze environment samples. In this paper, we describe an automated DNA sample processing system and demostrate its use for the extraction of bacterial DNA from water and sediment samples. Two challenges in environmental sample analysis are the need to process relatively large sample volumes (microliters to many milliliters) in order to obtain detectable quantities of DNA present at low concenntrations, and the need to purify DNA from a complex sample matrix for downstream detection. These problems are addressed by using sequential injection fluid handling techniques for precise manipulation of the required volumes, and renewable separation columns for automatically trapping and releasing microparticles that are used for sample purification. The renewable microcolumns are used for both bacteria cell concentration and DNA purification. The purified bacteria DNA is then amplified using an on-line PCR module in order to produce detectable quantities of the target DNA.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
15001935
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-32983
KP1301010; TRN: US200406%%383
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Biochemical and Biomolecular Sensing, SPIE Proceedings, 6-7 November 2000, Boston, USA, 4200:74-81
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; BACTERIA; DETECTION; DISPLACEMENT FLUIDS; DNA; NUCLEIC ACIDS; PATHOGENS; PROCESSING; PURIFICATION; SAMPLE PREPARATION; SEDIMENTS; TARGETS; TRAPPING; WATER

Citation Formats

Bruckner-Lea, Cindy J., Anheier, Norman C., Holman, David A., Tsukuda, Toyoko, Kingsley, Mark T., Brockman, Fred J., Price, Jane M., Grate, Jay W., and Chandler, Darrell P. Integrated Systems for DNA Sample Preparation and Detection in Environmental Samples. United States: N. p., 2000. Web.
Bruckner-Lea, Cindy J., Anheier, Norman C., Holman, David A., Tsukuda, Toyoko, Kingsley, Mark T., Brockman, Fred J., Price, Jane M., Grate, Jay W., & Chandler, Darrell P. Integrated Systems for DNA Sample Preparation and Detection in Environmental Samples. United States.
Bruckner-Lea, Cindy J., Anheier, Norman C., Holman, David A., Tsukuda, Toyoko, Kingsley, Mark T., Brockman, Fred J., Price, Jane M., Grate, Jay W., and Chandler, Darrell P. Thu . "Integrated Systems for DNA Sample Preparation and Detection in Environmental Samples". United States.
@article{osti_15001935,
title = {Integrated Systems for DNA Sample Preparation and Detection in Environmental Samples},
author = {Bruckner-Lea, Cindy J. and Anheier, Norman C. and Holman, David A. and Tsukuda, Toyoko and Kingsley, Mark T. and Brockman, Fred J. and Price, Jane M. and Grate, Jay W. and Chandler, Darrell P.},
abstractNote = {Field-portable sensor systems are currently needed for the detection and characterization of biological pathogens in the enviornment. Nucleic acid analysis is frequently the method of choice for discriminating between pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria in environmental samples, however standard protocls are difficult to automate and current microfluidic devices are not configured to analyze environment samples. In this paper, we describe an automated DNA sample processing system and demostrate its use for the extraction of bacterial DNA from water and sediment samples. Two challenges in environmental sample analysis are the need to process relatively large sample volumes (microliters to many milliliters) in order to obtain detectable quantities of DNA present at low concenntrations, and the need to purify DNA from a complex sample matrix for downstream detection. These problems are addressed by using sequential injection fluid handling techniques for precise manipulation of the required volumes, and renewable separation columns for automatically trapping and releasing microparticles that are used for sample purification. The renewable microcolumns are used for both bacteria cell concentration and DNA purification. The purified bacteria DNA is then amplified using an on-line PCR module in order to produce detectable quantities of the target DNA.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}

Conference:
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