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Title: Mass Calibration of Optically Selected DES Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data

Abstract

We use cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature maps from the 500 deg$$^{2}$$ SPTpol survey to measure the stacked lensing convergence of galaxy clusters from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year-3 redMaPPer (RM) cluster catalog. The lensing signal is extracted through a modified quadratic estimator designed to be unbiased by the thermal Sunyaev-Zel{'}dovich (tSZ) effect. The modified estimator uses a tSZ-free map, constructed from the SPTpol 95 and 150 GHz datasets, to estimate the background CMB gradient. For lensing reconstruction, we employ two versions of the RM catalog: a flux-limited sample containing 4003 clusters and a volume-limited sample with 1741 clusters. We detect lensing at a significance of 8.7$$\sigma$$(6.7$$\sigma$$) with the flux(volume)-limited sample. By modeling the reconstructed convergence using the Navarro-Frenk-White profile, we find the average lensing masses to be $$M_{200m}$$ = ($$1.62^{+0.32}_{-0.25}$$ [stat.] $$\pm$$ 0.04 [sys.]) and ($$1.28^{+0.14}_{-0.18}$$ [stat.] $$\pm$$ 0.03 [sys.]) $$\times\ 10^{14}\ M_{\odot}$$ for the volume- and flux-limited samples respectively. The systematic error budget is much smaller than the statistical uncertainty and is dominated by the uncertainties in the RM cluster centroids. We use the volume-limited sample to calibrate the normalization of the mass-richness scaling relation, and find a result consistent with the galaxy weak-lensing measurements from DES.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21)
Contributing Org.:
DES Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1499999
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1487400; OSTI ID: 1503976
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1810.10998; DES-2018-0388; FERMILAB-PUB-18-586-AE
Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357; 1700448
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; AC02-05CH11231; AC02-06CH11357; PLR-1248097; PHY-1125897; GBMF 947; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 872; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; cosmic background radiation; galaxies: clusters: general; gravitational lensing: weak

Citation Formats

Raghunathan, S., Patil, S., Baxter, E., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Chou, T. L., Crawford, T. M., Holder, G. P., McClintock, T., Reichardt, C. L., Rozo, E., Varga, T. N., Abbott, T. M. C., Ade, P. A. R., Allam, S., Anderson, A. J., Annis, J., Austermann, J. E., Avila, S., Beall, J. A., Bechtol, K., Bender, A. N., Bernstein, G., Bertin, E., Bianchini, F., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Carlstrom, J. E., Carretero, J., Chang, C. L., Chiang, H. C., Cho, H-M., Citron, R., Crites, A. T., Cunha, C. E., Costa, L. N. da, Davis, C., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Dobbs, M. A., Doel, P., Eifler, T. F., Everett, W., Evrard, A. E., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Gallicchio, J., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., George, E. M., Gilbert, A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gupta, N., Gutierrez, G., Haan, T. de, Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N., Hartley, W. G., Henning, J. W., Hilton, G. C., Hollowood, D. L., Holzapfel, W. L., Honscheid, K., Hou, Z., Hoyle, B., Hrubes, J. D., Huang, N., Hubmayr, J., Irwin, K. D., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kim, A. G., Kind, M. Carrasco, Knox, L., Kovacs, A., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lee, A. T., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., Marshall, J. L., McMahon, J. J., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Meyer, S. S., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Mocanu, L., Montgomery, J., Nadolski, A., Natoli, T., Nibarger, J. P., Novosad, V., Padin, S., Plazas, A. A., Pryke, C., Rapetti, D., Romer, A. K., Rosell, A. Carnero, Ruhl, J. E., Saliwanchik, B. R., Sanchez, E., Sayre, J. T., Scarpine, V., Schaffer, K. K., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smecher, G., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Stark, A. A., Story, K. T., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Tucker, C., Vanderlinde, K., Vicente, J. De, Vieira, J. D., Wang, G., Whitehorn, N., Wu, W. L. K., and Zhang, Y. Mass Calibration of Optically Selected DES Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab01ca.
Raghunathan, S., Patil, S., Baxter, E., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Chou, T. L., Crawford, T. M., Holder, G. P., McClintock, T., Reichardt, C. L., Rozo, E., Varga, T. N., Abbott, T. M. C., Ade, P. A. R., Allam, S., Anderson, A. J., Annis, J., Austermann, J. E., Avila, S., Beall, J. A., Bechtol, K., Bender, A. N., Bernstein, G., Bertin, E., Bianchini, F., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Carlstrom, J. E., Carretero, J., Chang, C. L., Chiang, H. C., Cho, H-M., Citron, R., Crites, A. T., Cunha, C. E., Costa, L. N. da, Davis, C., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Dobbs, M. A., Doel, P., Eifler, T. F., Everett, W., Evrard, A. E., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Gallicchio, J., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., George, E. M., Gilbert, A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gupta, N., Gutierrez, G., Haan, T. de, Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N., Hartley, W. G., Henning, J. W., Hilton, G. C., Hollowood, D. L., Holzapfel, W. L., Honscheid, K., Hou, Z., Hoyle, B., Hrubes, J. D., Huang, N., Hubmayr, J., Irwin, K. D., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kim, A. G., Kind, M. Carrasco, Knox, L., Kovacs, A., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lee, A. T., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., Marshall, J. L., McMahon, J. J., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Meyer, S. S., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Mocanu, L., Montgomery, J., Nadolski, A., Natoli, T., Nibarger, J. P., Novosad, V., Padin, S., Plazas, A. A., Pryke, C., Rapetti, D., Romer, A. K., Rosell, A. Carnero, Ruhl, J. E., Saliwanchik, B. R., Sanchez, E., Sayre, J. T., Scarpine, V., Schaffer, K. K., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smecher, G., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Stark, A. A., Story, K. T., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Tucker, C., Vanderlinde, K., Vicente, J. De, Vieira, J. D., Wang, G., Whitehorn, N., Wu, W. L. K., & Zhang, Y. Mass Calibration of Optically Selected DES Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab01ca.
Raghunathan, S., Patil, S., Baxter, E., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Chou, T. L., Crawford, T. M., Holder, G. P., McClintock, T., Reichardt, C. L., Rozo, E., Varga, T. N., Abbott, T. M. C., Ade, P. A. R., Allam, S., Anderson, A. J., Annis, J., Austermann, J. E., Avila, S., Beall, J. A., Bechtol, K., Bender, A. N., Bernstein, G., Bertin, E., Bianchini, F., Brooks, D., Burke, D. L., Carlstrom, J. E., Carretero, J., Chang, C. L., Chiang, H. C., Cho, H-M., Citron, R., Crites, A. T., Cunha, C. E., Costa, L. N. da, Davis, C., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Dobbs, M. A., Doel, P., Eifler, T. F., Everett, W., Evrard, A. E., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Gallicchio, J., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., George, E. M., Gilbert, A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gupta, N., Gutierrez, G., Haan, T. de, Halverson, N. W., Harrington, N., Hartley, W. G., Henning, J. W., Hilton, G. C., Hollowood, D. L., Holzapfel, W. L., Honscheid, K., Hou, Z., Hoyle, B., Hrubes, J. D., Huang, N., Hubmayr, J., Irwin, K. D., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kim, A. G., Kind, M. Carrasco, Knox, L., Kovacs, A., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lee, A. T., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., Marshall, J. L., McMahon, J. J., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Meyer, S. S., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Mocanu, L., Montgomery, J., Nadolski, A., Natoli, T., Nibarger, J. P., Novosad, V., Padin, S., Plazas, A. A., Pryke, C., Rapetti, D., Romer, A. K., Rosell, A. Carnero, Ruhl, J. E., Saliwanchik, B. R., Sanchez, E., Sayre, J. T., Scarpine, V., Schaffer, K. K., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smecher, G., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Stark, A. A., Story, K. T., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Tucker, C., Vanderlinde, K., Vicente, J. De, Vieira, J. D., Wang, G., Whitehorn, N., Wu, W. L. K., and Zhang, Y. Wed . "Mass Calibration of Optically Selected DES Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab01ca. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1499999.
@article{osti_1499999,
title = {Mass Calibration of Optically Selected DES Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data},
author = {Raghunathan, S. and Patil, S. and Baxter, E. and Benson, B. A. and Bleem, L. E. and Chou, T. L. and Crawford, T. M. and Holder, G. P. and McClintock, T. and Reichardt, C. L. and Rozo, E. and Varga, T. N. and Abbott, T. M. C. and Ade, P. A. R. and Allam, S. and Anderson, A. J. and Annis, J. and Austermann, J. E. and Avila, S. and Beall, J. A. and Bechtol, K. and Bender, A. N. and Bernstein, G. and Bertin, E. and Bianchini, F. and Brooks, D. and Burke, D. L. and Carlstrom, J. E. and Carretero, J. and Chang, C. L. and Chiang, H. C. and Cho, H-M. and Citron, R. and Crites, A. T. and Cunha, C. E. and Costa, L. N. da and Davis, C. and Desai, S. and Diehl, H. T. and Dietrich, J. P. and Dobbs, M. A. and Doel, P. and Eifler, T. F. and Everett, W. and Evrard, A. E. and Flaugher, B. and Fosalba, P. and Frieman, J. and Gallicchio, J. and García-Bellido, J. and Gaztanaga, E. and George, E. M. and Gilbert, A. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gschwend, J. and Gupta, N. and Gutierrez, G. and Haan, T. de and Halverson, N. W. and Harrington, N. and Hartley, W. G. and Henning, J. W. and Hilton, G. C. and Hollowood, D. L. and Holzapfel, W. L. and Honscheid, K. and Hou, Z. and Hoyle, B. and Hrubes, J. D. and Huang, N. and Hubmayr, J. and Irwin, K. D. and James, D. J. and Jeltema, T. and Kim, A. G. and Kind, M. Carrasco and Knox, L. and Kovacs, A. and Kuehn, K. and Kuropatkin, N. and Lee, A. T. and Li, T. S. and Lima, M. and Maia, M. A. G. and Marshall, J. L. and McMahon, J. J. and Melchior, P. and Menanteau, F. and Meyer, S. S. and Miller, C. J. and Miquel, R. and Mocanu, L. and Montgomery, J. and Nadolski, A. and Natoli, T. and Nibarger, J. P. and Novosad, V. and Padin, S. and Plazas, A. A. and Pryke, C. and Rapetti, D. and Romer, A. K. and Rosell, A. Carnero and Ruhl, J. E. and Saliwanchik, B. R. and Sanchez, E. and Sayre, J. T. and Scarpine, V. and Schaffer, K. K. and Schubnell, M. and Serrano, S. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Smecher, G. and Smith, R. C. and Soares-Santos, M. and Sobreira, F. and Stark, A. A. and Story, K. T. and Suchyta, E. and Swanson, M. E. C. and Tarle, G. and Thomas, D. and Tucker, C. and Vanderlinde, K. and Vicente, J. De and Vieira, J. D. and Wang, G. and Whitehorn, N. and Wu, W. L. K. and Zhang, Y.},
abstractNote = {We use cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature maps from the 500 deg$^{2}$ SPTpol survey to measure the stacked lensing convergence of galaxy clusters from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year-3 redMaPPer (RM) cluster catalog. The lensing signal is extracted through a modified quadratic estimator designed to be unbiased by the thermal Sunyaev-Zel{'}dovich (tSZ) effect. The modified estimator uses a tSZ-free map, constructed from the SPTpol 95 and 150 GHz datasets, to estimate the background CMB gradient. For lensing reconstruction, we employ two versions of the RM catalog: a flux-limited sample containing 4003 clusters and a volume-limited sample with 1741 clusters. We detect lensing at a significance of 8.7$\sigma$(6.7$\sigma$) with the flux(volume)-limited sample. By modeling the reconstructed convergence using the Navarro-Frenk-White profile, we find the average lensing masses to be $M_{200m}$ = ($1.62^{+0.32}_{-0.25}$ [stat.] $\pm$ 0.04 [sys.]) and ($1.28^{+0.14}_{-0.18}$ [stat.] $\pm$ 0.03 [sys.]) $\times\ 10^{14}\ M_{\odot}$ for the volume- and flux-limited samples respectively. The systematic error budget is much smaller than the statistical uncertainty and is dominated by the uncertainties in the RM cluster centroids. We use the volume-limited sample to calibrate the normalization of the mass-richness scaling relation, and find a result consistent with the galaxy weak-lensing measurements from DES.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/ab01ca},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
issn = {1538-4357},
number = 2,
volume = 872,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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