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Title: Pathways for practical high-energy long-cycling lithium metal batteries

Abstract

State-of-the-art lithium (Li)-ion batteries are approaching their specific energy limits yet are challenged by the ever-increasing demand of today’s energy storage and power applications, especially for electric vehicles. Li metal is considered an ultimate anode material for future high-energy rechargeable batteries when combined with existing or emerging high-capacity cathode materials. However, much current research focuses on the battery materials level, and there have been very few accounts of cell design principles. Here we discuss crucial conditions needed to achieve a specific energy higher than 350 Wh kg -1, up to 500 Wh kg -1, for rechargeable Li metal batteries using high-nickel-content lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxides as cathode materials. We also provide an analysis of key factors such as cathode loading, electrolyte amount and Li foil thickness that impact the cell-level cycle life. Furthermore, we identify several important strategies to reduce electrolyte-Li reaction, protect Li surfaces and stabilize anode architectures for long-cycling high-specific-energy cells.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [6];  [7]; ORCiD logo [8];  [1]; ORCiD logo [9];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [10];  [5]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Energy and Environment Directorate
  2. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  3. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Clean Energy and Transportation Division
  4. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  5. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Chemistry Division
  6. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Dept. of NanoEngineering
  7. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Energy and Environment Directorate; Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). College of Engineering
  8. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource
  9. Binghamton Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  10. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). College of Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1498872
Report Number(s):
BNL-211347-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; batteries; energy efficiency; energy storage; materials for energy and catalysis

Citation Formats

Liu, Jun, Bao, Zhenan, Cui, Yi, Dufek, Eric J., Goodenough, John B., Khalifah, Peter, Li, Qiuyan, Liaw, Bor Yann, Liu, Ping, Manthiram, Arumugam, Meng, Y. Shirley, Subramanian, Venkat R., Toney, Michael F., Viswanathan, Vilayanur V., Whittingham, M. Stanley, Xiao, Jie, Xu, Wu, Yang, Jihui, Yang, Xiao-Qing, and Zhang, Ji-Guang. Pathways for practical high-energy long-cycling lithium metal batteries. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0338-x.
Liu, Jun, Bao, Zhenan, Cui, Yi, Dufek, Eric J., Goodenough, John B., Khalifah, Peter, Li, Qiuyan, Liaw, Bor Yann, Liu, Ping, Manthiram, Arumugam, Meng, Y. Shirley, Subramanian, Venkat R., Toney, Michael F., Viswanathan, Vilayanur V., Whittingham, M. Stanley, Xiao, Jie, Xu, Wu, Yang, Jihui, Yang, Xiao-Qing, & Zhang, Ji-Guang. Pathways for practical high-energy long-cycling lithium metal batteries. United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0338-x.
Liu, Jun, Bao, Zhenan, Cui, Yi, Dufek, Eric J., Goodenough, John B., Khalifah, Peter, Li, Qiuyan, Liaw, Bor Yann, Liu, Ping, Manthiram, Arumugam, Meng, Y. Shirley, Subramanian, Venkat R., Toney, Michael F., Viswanathan, Vilayanur V., Whittingham, M. Stanley, Xiao, Jie, Xu, Wu, Yang, Jihui, Yang, Xiao-Qing, and Zhang, Ji-Guang. Mon . "Pathways for practical high-energy long-cycling lithium metal batteries". United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0338-x.
@article{osti_1498872,
title = {Pathways for practical high-energy long-cycling lithium metal batteries},
author = {Liu, Jun and Bao, Zhenan and Cui, Yi and Dufek, Eric J. and Goodenough, John B. and Khalifah, Peter and Li, Qiuyan and Liaw, Bor Yann and Liu, Ping and Manthiram, Arumugam and Meng, Y. Shirley and Subramanian, Venkat R. and Toney, Michael F. and Viswanathan, Vilayanur V. and Whittingham, M. Stanley and Xiao, Jie and Xu, Wu and Yang, Jihui and Yang, Xiao-Qing and Zhang, Ji-Guang},
abstractNote = {State-of-the-art lithium (Li)-ion batteries are approaching their specific energy limits yet are challenged by the ever-increasing demand of today’s energy storage and power applications, especially for electric vehicles. Li metal is considered an ultimate anode material for future high-energy rechargeable batteries when combined with existing or emerging high-capacity cathode materials. However, much current research focuses on the battery materials level, and there have been very few accounts of cell design principles. Here we discuss crucial conditions needed to achieve a specific energy higher than 350 Wh kg-1, up to 500 Wh kg-1, for rechargeable Li metal batteries using high-nickel-content lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxides as cathode materials. We also provide an analysis of key factors such as cathode loading, electrolyte amount and Li foil thickness that impact the cell-level cycle life. Furthermore, we identify several important strategies to reduce electrolyte-Li reaction, protect Li surfaces and stabilize anode architectures for long-cycling high-specific-energy cells.},
doi = {10.1038/s41560-019-0338-x},
journal = {Nature Energy},
issn = {2058-7546},
number = 3,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Dendrite-Free Lithium Deposition via Self-Healing Electrostatic Shield Mechanism
journal, March 2013

  • Ding, Fei; Xu, Wu; Graff, Gordon L.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 11, p. 4450-4456
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja312241y