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Title: Technical Basis and Implementation of Groundwater Pathway Models Used for INL’s RH LLW Disposal Facility Performance Assessment

Abstract

The Idaho National Laboratory’s (INL’s) Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste (RH LLW) Disposal Facility has been designed and constructed to receive waste generated on INL in support of the Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) and Naval Reactors (NR) missions. RH LLW is generated on the INL site from spent nuclear fuel handling and operations at the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF), the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), and at the Material and Fuels Complex (MFC) in addition to other miscellaneous research activities. The facility has been designed to receive RH LLW currently in storage at INL facilities and new waste generated by nuclear research programs. RH LLW received at the facility is solid waste consisting of surface contaminated debris, ion exchange resins used to purify cooling water, and activated metals generated during reactor core change outs, Naval spent fuel management, and nuclear R&D. The facility has been designed to meet the requirements of DOE Order 435.1, Radioactive Waste Management [1] for all-pathways including groundwater and air, radon emissions limits, and inadvertent intrusion limits. The facility design includes a vault system incorporating robust concrete vaults oriented vertically in close-packed arrays, a hydraulic drainage system designed to limit water contact with the stainless steel waste canisters/linersmore » and concrete vaults, and a robust monitoring system. Per the environmental assessment (EA) [2], all waste will be disposed of in stainless steel waste canisters/liners. During facility design and construction, site-specific data was collected to provide laboratory and field scale performance characteristics for the concrete vault and hydraulic drainage systems. Field-scale infiltration tests were conducted and monitored and the data was interpreted using numerical simulation. Based on interpretation of the observed laboratory and field test data, the facility performance assessment (PA) was developed. The PA groundwater pathway source release model differentially credits release from surface contaminated debris, ion exchange resins, and activated metals. It also credits failure of the steel waste canisters/liners with failure rates based on actual corrosion data. Once released, transport through the vadose zone and aquifer to downgradient receptor locations was simulated in the PA using a one-dimensional modeling approach based on historical three-dimensional modeling of historically-contaminated INL sites. This paper provides an overview of the groundwater pathway source release models and their technical implementation in the PA. It also describes the one-dimensional transport model used for the vadose zone and multi-dimensional model used for the aquifer.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2];  [3]
  1. KSpar-Inc
  2. Idaho National Laboratory
  3. Idaho National Laboratory (retired)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM)
OSTI Identifier:
1497056
Report Number(s):
INL/CON-18-52174-Rev000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: WM2019 Waste Management Symposium, Phoenix, AZ, 03/03/2019 - 03/07/2019
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 - MGMT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; Radioactive Waste; Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste; Performance Assessment

Citation Formats

Rood, Arthur S., Sondrup, A Jeffrey, Orchard, Brady J, Welty, Brett D, and Schafer, Annette L. Technical Basis and Implementation of Groundwater Pathway Models Used for INL’s RH LLW Disposal Facility Performance Assessment. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Rood, Arthur S., Sondrup, A Jeffrey, Orchard, Brady J, Welty, Brett D, & Schafer, Annette L. Technical Basis and Implementation of Groundwater Pathway Models Used for INL’s RH LLW Disposal Facility Performance Assessment. United States.
Rood, Arthur S., Sondrup, A Jeffrey, Orchard, Brady J, Welty, Brett D, and Schafer, Annette L. Mon . "Technical Basis and Implementation of Groundwater Pathway Models Used for INL’s RH LLW Disposal Facility Performance Assessment". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1497056.
@article{osti_1497056,
title = {Technical Basis and Implementation of Groundwater Pathway Models Used for INL’s RH LLW Disposal Facility Performance Assessment},
author = {Rood, Arthur S. and Sondrup, A Jeffrey and Orchard, Brady J and Welty, Brett D and Schafer, Annette L.},
abstractNote = {The Idaho National Laboratory’s (INL’s) Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste (RH LLW) Disposal Facility has been designed and constructed to receive waste generated on INL in support of the Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) and Naval Reactors (NR) missions. RH LLW is generated on the INL site from spent nuclear fuel handling and operations at the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF), the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), and at the Material and Fuels Complex (MFC) in addition to other miscellaneous research activities. The facility has been designed to receive RH LLW currently in storage at INL facilities and new waste generated by nuclear research programs. RH LLW received at the facility is solid waste consisting of surface contaminated debris, ion exchange resins used to purify cooling water, and activated metals generated during reactor core change outs, Naval spent fuel management, and nuclear R&D. The facility has been designed to meet the requirements of DOE Order 435.1, Radioactive Waste Management [1] for all-pathways including groundwater and air, radon emissions limits, and inadvertent intrusion limits. The facility design includes a vault system incorporating robust concrete vaults oriented vertically in close-packed arrays, a hydraulic drainage system designed to limit water contact with the stainless steel waste canisters/liners and concrete vaults, and a robust monitoring system. Per the environmental assessment (EA) [2], all waste will be disposed of in stainless steel waste canisters/liners. During facility design and construction, site-specific data was collected to provide laboratory and field scale performance characteristics for the concrete vault and hydraulic drainage systems. Field-scale infiltration tests were conducted and monitored and the data was interpreted using numerical simulation. Based on interpretation of the observed laboratory and field test data, the facility performance assessment (PA) was developed. The PA groundwater pathway source release model differentially credits release from surface contaminated debris, ion exchange resins, and activated metals. It also credits failure of the steel waste canisters/liners with failure rates based on actual corrosion data. Once released, transport through the vadose zone and aquifer to downgradient receptor locations was simulated in the PA using a one-dimensional modeling approach based on historical three-dimensional modeling of historically-contaminated INL sites. This paper provides an overview of the groundwater pathway source release models and their technical implementation in the PA. It also describes the one-dimensional transport model used for the vadose zone and multi-dimensional model used for the aquifer.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1497056}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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